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Literature

Cutting-edge catalysts for ethylbenzene production

ExxonMobil zeolite catalysts: Producing the majority of the world's ethylbenzene. ExxonMobil’s zeolite catalysts are the heart of the Badger EBMax℠ process. Originally developed by Mobil Oil, the MCM-22 family of zeolite catalysts revolutionized the production of ethylbenzene (EB). With ...


MECS® - Thermo Z™ the optimum–H™ system

The ideal design solution for MECS–Thermo Z gas to gas heat exchangers to eliminate cold end corrosion. When gas temperatures and dew point conditions require maximum corrosion protection from cold spots, the Optimum-h™ System can provide a value engineered approach to raising ...


Maximize reliability in grassroots crude units

Crude unit operators are far too familiar with a long list of crude unit reliability problems including fouling in heat exchangers and fired heaters, poor desalting, corrosion of piping and equipment, and coking in the vacuum column wash zone. Many millions of dollars have been spent fighting ...


Designing deepcut vacuum units that really work

Every barrel of vacuum gas oil (VGO) you can save from being reduced to coke in the delayed coker unit is a barrel more that can go to the FCCU. That’s a good reason to raise HVGO cutpoint. But how to do it? Some people think the job can be done just by running computer models in ...


Rosemount™ X-well™ technology

Accurately measure process temperature without a thermowell or process penetration. CHALLENGE: Surface temperature measurement does not provide an accurate or repeatable representation of the internal process temperature. Conversely, while accurate, temperature measurement points using ...


Faster lead time for emergency catalyst delivery

An incident caused irreversible poisoning of a catalyst bed in a hydroprocessing unit. The incentive for immediate catalyst replacement was $400,000 per month, and the quoted lead time was unacceptably long.  The refiner used our network to identify two feasible alternatives for faster ...


NaphthaClean

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) technology for reducing gasoline sulfur. BASF proudly introduces NaphthaClean, an FCC catalyst technology designed for the reduction of FCC gasoline sulfur content. Based on the combination of our award-winning and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures ...


MECS®–Thermo Z™ welded plate heat exchangers

Plant engineers in the know choose MECS®–THERMO Z™ for maximum waste heat recovery and the best delivered value. MECS®–ThermoZ™ is a highly efficient heat exchanger suitable for many industrial processes where gas temperatures may be up to 1500°F (816°C). ...


AdvaSulf™ your sulphur technology

AdvaSulf™ is a global technological toolbox covering all SRU steps and options, and including (but not limited to) proprietary know-how and processes with an impressive track record of industrial experiences.


Axens tech services

Operating personnel are uncomfortable with changes affecting operations such as: process upsets, catalyst regeneration and replacement, changes in feedstock, modified product specifications, evolution of production goals and new operating staff. In coping with these changes, your resources ...


Redura® rod sealing systems

As a compressor OEM with more than 170 years of experience, Burckhardt Compression has been setting standards for piston rod packings and packing rings for decades. Patented designs developed in-house and exhaustive material research are the perfect recipe for unique high-performance piston ...


KOC-15™- Flexible and effective way to lower afterburn in your FCC unit

KOC-15 additive is Albemarle’s most widely used platinum-based combustion promoter, and is commercially proven to provide many refiners with a reliable, low-cost and flexible solution to afterburn and excess carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. In the regenerator, the coke (carbon) on ...


Are you ready for MARPOL?

As the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has decided to implement the MARPOL Annex VI, all ships must globally reduce their emissions of sulfur by 86% before 2020. This fact is bound to have a huge impact on the shipping as well as the refinery industry. But exactly what will happen? ...


Proserpack™ combined exchanger - separator

Proserpack compact integrated heat exchanger – separator, simplifies NGL recovery by implementing 3 process steps (2 heat exchangers and the turbo-expander suction drum) in a single equipment item. The heat exchanger is a PACKINOX multi-fluid plate exchanger.


Making the invisible visible

In FCC Units (Fluidised Catalyst Cracking Units) the atmospheric residue from the distillation is cracked to LPG, naptha and other components. This sometimes leads to “invisible” deposits inside the Riser. This article features Tracerco’s ThruVision™ scans to illustrate ...


Ariel CNG compressors

Ariel compressors are operating in Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) stations around the globe. In over 100 countries, Ariel has built a reputation for safe, rugged and longlasting equipment. Utilized in CNG services providing 125 to 1,250+ scfm (200 to 2,000+ nm/h), Ariel compressors are paired ...


Opportunity knocks

A group of interesting articles* deals with opportunity crudes, a mixed breed that includes very heavy, sour and high total acid number types as well as those with unexceptional naphthenic acid content but which do have significant concentrations of aliphatic acids or possess the ability ...


Haldor Topsoe refinery walk-through

Exploring the hidden potential of your refinery. Refinery processes are complex and filled with potential sources of inefficiency. A Topsoe Refinery Walk-Through will identify the hidden opportunities and help you improve the refinery profitability, flexibility, safety, and reliability. Within ...


Anti-fouling trays maximize coker main fractionator profitability

The Coker Main Fractionator is systematically subjected to harsh operating conditions that can lead to deteriorating efficiency and performance due to coking and fouling. Poor reliability results in loss of profitable coking margins for the refinery. The main fractionator vapor feed from ...


GTC Technology - engineered to innovate

GTC Technology is a global licensor of process technologies and mass transfer solutions offering innovative, custom solutions for the refining, chemical, petrochemical and gas processing industries. Refining, petrochemical and chemical companies around the world rely on our advanced ...


Be smart about FCC olefin recovery

Whether the driver is propylene as a chemicals feedstock or propylene and butylene as alky feed, FCC units worldwide are being pushed to maximize olefin production. Increased hydrotreating to meet Tier 3 gasoline requirements is reducing gasoline pool octane at a time of high premium-to-regular ...


Crystaphase, there is no magic behind reactor performance

It’s not magic. It’s science. Hydroprocessors know the wall that lies between them and peak reactor performance. Fouling, pressure drop, precipitation, agglomeration, polymerization, and catalyst deactivation, these obstacles build up, block by block. We help you break through ...


Sulfur recovery - SUPERCLAUS® / caustic scrubber process

Applications: Selection of an appropriate and cost effective Tail Gas Treatment process to follow existing Claus plants is a challenge facing refiners and natural gas plant owners around the world. New emission regulations, interest in increasing sulfur recovery and processing of higher ...


UPGRADER™ T and AMBER™ T - meeting the tight oil challenge

North America’s oil production has been reenergized with the advent of sophisticated technologies to recover tight oil economically. Tight oil, defined as liquid hydrocarbons obtained by hydraulically fracturing shale formations, is flowing at ever increasing rates from fields such ...


Air emissions modeling advances for oil and gas production facilities

A perfect storm has dramatically changed the way oil and gas production facilities are designed and permitted for air quality compliance. Air quality regulations have been strengthened due to rule changes in the Clean Air Act (40 CFR 60, Subpart OOOO), drastically reducing the allowed ...


High aromatic/nitrogen feeds cause rapid initial deactivation in pilot plants

A feed sent to C Solutions in Thessaloniki, Greece caused catalyst to deactivate very rapidly when introduced on day one of a pilot plant run.  Analysis showed the feed to be full of high boiling aromatics and high in nitrogen. The pilot plant run was restarted with the usual ...


NEKTOR™ 4G

NEKTOR™4G is the latest generation of Grace’s marketleading low coke NEKTOR™ for residue FCC feed applications. NEKTOR™ 4G is manufactured using the Grace EnhanceR™ Technology Platform, and is an extension of the NEKTOR™ catalyst family, which is the ...


Stratco® XP2 technology for the stratco® contactor reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor™. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


CeraLine™ elbows, pipe & spool linings

Specifically designed for the harsh environments within mining, power generation and other heavy industrial processing industries, Blasch’s new CeraLine family of products exhibits exceptional wear and abrasion resistance which results in unparalleled life. Elbow diameters ranging ...


Rosemount® 3051S series of instrumentation

Achieve unparalleled productivity with industry-leading pressure, flow and level solutions. You face more than your share of obstacles when it comes to optimizing your operations. Your job is a balancing act. Downtime and off-spec product reduce your throughput, while challenges like ...


Trays for any application

Sulzer Chemtech offers the largest tray portfolio on the market. Whatever the requirements, we have the right tray! Continuous innovations and improvements are: • First movable valve • First fixed valve • First customer tray design program • Use of push valves on commercial ...


Moving gamma scanning forward – quantitative analysis of tray capacity

Improving process operating margins can include maximising production of higher value products and/or minimising production costs. Process plants depend heavily on fractionation towers to produce products meeting customer specifications. Tower gamma scanning is well established in the ...


Converter - FCC co-catalyst for activity enhancement

Premium Technology: Based on our novel and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures™ (DMS) technology platform, Converter delivers activity enhancement with the added benefit of coke selective bottoms upgrading. Maximum Results by Design: The DMS matrix provides Converter ...


Monitoring chlorine to prevent refinery corrosion

Chlorine in crude oil, if not removed, can hydrolyze during processing to form hydrochloric acid. The crude oil desalter is the first line of defense in the prevention of corrosion. However, in order to provide a proper defense, the correct chloride monitoring must be put in place. Unfortunately, ...


PROGNOST customer support

Lifecycle Partnership. When PROGNOST Systems project managers finalize the installation of your new system, it doesn’t mean you are on your own. Our Customer Support team stands by in the critical moments of initial system and machinery start-up. Our ultimate goal is for all PROGNOST® ...


Standard high pressure compressors

The compact Standard High Pressure Compressors from Burckhardt Compression guarantee highest operational efficiency. Thanks to leading technology and in-house manufactured components, our customers can put their full trust in our highly reliable compressor systems. The variety of gases ...


The UOP Callidus scepter pilot and scepter model P1 portable igniter

Meeting the refining and petrochemical challenge. As a result of the efforts of UOP Callidus engineers and with input from our customers, the Scepter Pilot was developed. The new pilot system was designed at the world-class industrial scale, UOP Callidus Research and Test Facility, and ...


Sulfuric acid alkylation technology and services

Upgrading light olefins and isobutane to alkylate offers refiners an opportunity to increase their crude barrel value. Alkylate is a superior gasoline blendstock due to its high octane and low vapor pressure. ExxonMobil’s proven Sulfuric Acid Alkylation technology reacts propylene, ...


Phoebe - phosphorus determination in hydrocarbon and aqueous matrices

From crude oil to bio-fuels, in additives or water, the Phoebe Benchtop Analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy for quantification of phosphorus. Based on XOS’s MWD XRF analytical platform, (as is found in Sindie and Clora Analyzers) Phoebe offers a LOD of 0.4 ppm ...


Tray design features that reduce turnaround maintenance time

Column shutdowns can be costly. Production is halted and maintenance expenses accumulate without any offsetting revenue. Maintenance crews need to isolate, open, inspect, modify, repair, and close columns, all under pressure to complete work as expeditiously as possible. Minimization of ...