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Literature

Hoekstra war stories

In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved ...


At Sabin Metal we’ve turned science into art

The art of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials. The science of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials begins with the most technically advanced analytical, research, and sampling equipment, systems, and procedures. The art of ...


New resid FCC catalyst technology for maximum distillates yield

Recent years have brought a major shift in the world’s fuel demand for gasoline and distillate range (diesel) products. While gasoline consumption has shown only minor increases, the demand for distillates has been very strong; mainly driven by the transportation sector. The outlook ...


Dupont company introduction

DuPont has been bringing world-class science and engineering to the global marketplace in the form of innovative products, materials, and services since 1802. The company believes that by collaborating with customers, governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and thought leaders, ...


MECS® - Thermo Z™ the optimum–H™ system

The ideal design solution for MECS–Thermo Z gas to gas heat exchangers to eliminate cold end corrosion. When gas temperatures and dew point conditions require maximum corrosion protection from cold spots, the Optimum-h™ System can provide a value engineered approach to raising ...


Anti-fouling trays maximize coker main fractionator profitability

The Coker Main Fractionator is systematically subjected to harsh operating conditions that can lead to deteriorating efficiency and performance due to coking and fouling. Poor reliability results in loss of profitable coking margins for the refinery. The main fractionator vapor feed from ...


Hydrotreating

Advanced process and catalyst systems to help optimize unit performance and maximize cycle length Hydrotreating is an established refinery process for reducing sulphur, nitrogen and aromatics while enhancing cetane number, density and smoke point. Shell Global Solutions’ hydrotreating ...


Vapor pressure testing for petroleum, LPG, crude oil and Chemicals

Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids especially of spark-ignition engine fuels. It provides an indication of how a fuel will perform under different operating conditions. For example, vapor pressure is a factor in determining, whether a fuel will cause vapor ...


Recovering platinum/rhenium from spent hydrocarbon processing catalysts

Now, practical, cost-effective recovery of platinum/ rhenium reforming catalysts, regardless of solubility– with maximum returns. Platinum / rhenium catalysts are widely used in the processing of hydrocarbon products. As rhenium values have increased, recovery techniques from spent ...


Expert response to your turnaround, single tower needs

Just as tigers are on the endangered species list, so are companies with the knowledge, skill and experience of Tiger Tower Services. We provide all the specialized skills you need for tray/packing installation, tower maintenance and plant turnaround projects. We’re responsive, cost ...


Modular air separation plants

Meeting today’s gas supply challenges in air separation. Companies considering investing in air separation units need to balance a number of factors. A reliable design offering minimal technical risk and maximum operational flexibility is essential to ensure process continuity and ...


FCC catalysts

BASF Catalysts is a global industry leader in Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) catalysts with an unparalleled commitment to the delivery of cuttingedge technology and service to the refining industry. As part of BASF - The Chemical Company, BASF catalysts is leveraging its leading development ...


CeraLine™ elbows, pipe & spool linings

Specifically designed for the harsh environments within mining, power generation and other heavy industrial processing industries, Blasch’s new CeraLine family of products exhibits exceptional wear and abrasion resistance which results in unparalleled life. Elbow diameters ranging ...


UOP Callidus installation services

Installation Services: UOP Callidus offers turnkey installation and aftermarket support for our products around the world. Our goal is to provide first class service from professionals who have years of experience with our equipment and understand how it should be installed and operated ...


Auto-switch boring / cutting tool

The innovative DeltaValve auto-switch coke cutting tool provides a high level of safety and reliability during de-coking operations by allowing the tool to remain in the drum during switching between boring/cutting modes. The auto-switch tool, in combination with the DeltaValve drill stem ...


Claus tail gas treating - SCOT process

Applications: The Shell Claus Off -gas Treating (SCOT) process has been developed to remove sulfur compounds from Claus tail gas to comply with stringent air emissions regulations. The standard SCOT process is able to easily meet less than 250 ppmv total sulfur in the SCOT off gas, which ...


Reciprocating compressors

Burckhardt Compression’s leading technology, high-quality compressor Components and the full range of services help customers to minimize life cycle costs of their reciprocating compressor solutions around the world. Since 1844 its highly skilled workforce has crafted superior solutions ...


Tetronics: treatment of persistent organic pollutants (POPs)

Treatment of POP waste (e.g. PCBs, DDT, Dioxins and Furans) using Tetronics’ technology offers commercial advantage over existing treatment options safely destroying the hazard while conserving natural resources. About Tetronics: Tetronics International is the global leader in the ...


MECS® HexPro™ Ferrules

For waste heat boilers and heat exchangers in sulphuric acid plants. Precast, precision ceramic ferrules for severe temperature and heat-cycling conditions. Fast, Simple installation. MECS® HexPro™ Ferrules are pre-engineered for each installation and come properly sized, accurately ...


Axens performance programs

Axens’ Performance Programs provides services for new and existing plants in the refining and petrochemical industries. It combines dedicated teams having strong technical know-how with a wealth of accumulated engineering experience and advanced computational techniques to provide ...


Axens engineering services revamping

For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. ...


Gas treating (natural gas/syngas/lng) - Sulfinol process

Applications: The Sulfinol process is a regenerative process developed to remove H2S, CO2, COS and mercaptans from gases. The sulfur compounds in the product gas can be removed to low ppm levels. This process has been developed specifically for treating large quantities of gas, such as ...


Improved hydrocracking

leading-edge Catalysts coupled with outstanding Technical service. Criterion Catalysts & Technologies (Criterion) offers a broad range of zeolite catalysts to satisfy a variety of refinery hydrocracking objectives. We also provide the feed pretreatment catalysts that are vital to preserving ...


Improve contaminant metals flushing with TITAN™

The escalating price of rare earth in fluid cracking catalyst sparked increased demand from refiners for equilibrium catalyst (Ecat) as a means to control expenses. During this same period, the available supply of high quality, low metals Ecat had decreased. In response to the shrinking ...


SENTRY Guard Portfolio

Protect your catalyst. Protect your bottom line. Opportunity feed sources have extended the range of poisons that hydroprocessing unit operators must face. Many of the contaminants can cause severe catalyst poisoning, even at very low concentrations. Catalyst contamination negatively impacts ...


ResidCrackeR™ 4G

ResidCrackeR™ 4G is the latest generation of Grace’s coke selective bottoms cracking ResidCrackeR™ catalyst family for residue FCC feed applications. ResidCrackeR™ 4G is an extension of the ResidCrackeR™ catalyst family, a component of the EnhanceR™ ...


Using chemical analysis to diagnose amine upsets

Using chemical analysis from your amine supplier to diagnose your amine system? Understanding the link between the analysis report and the amine system operation can be foggy. MPR Services, Inc. shares clear understandings and provides solutions to amine hygiene.


LNG import terminals

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) is becoming the preferred method of transport and storage of natural gas. In the LNG value chain, LNG-receiving terminals play an important role, allowing for the sourcing of LNG from all over the world and creating a new dynamic in the local natural gas market. ...


XyMax℠-2 and LPI technology and services

The XyMax℠-2 Process is the latest generation of vapor phase isomerization technology and the LPI Process is the latest generation of liquid phase isomerization technology. These isomerization processes are also licensed by ExxonMobil’s alliance partner, Axens, as part of the ParamaXSM ...


Linde HiQ accredited calibration gas mixtures

Linde Gas - In an age of global trade, analytical measuring results have to be comparable. This requirement is meanwhile satisfied by a large number of international directives and standards, e.g. DIN EN ISO/IEC 170251. Such regulations call for the metrological traceability of measuring ...


HydroCOM - experience real capacity control and energy savings

How much control do you really have when it comes to capacity control? You have many options available to you for controlling capacity for your reciprocating compressor. HydroCOM, however, achieves best results in terms of speed, energy savings and accuracy. Some questions you should ask ...


Transforming ULSD economics

The ability to produce diesel containing less than 10-ppm sulphur is no longer a differentiator in most  markets. Progressive refiners are pushing to make  ultra-low-sulphur diesel (ULSD) with improved fuel  properties from tougher feedstocks and often within  tight ...


High sulphur recovery at low cost with SmartSulf™

Process Principle: Thermal stage: acid gases are burnt with air to produce sulphur at high temperature thanks to Claus reaction. COS and CS2 hydrolysis: COS and CS2 from the process gases are hydrolyzed at high temperature in the first zone of the SmartSulf™ reactor operating in ...


High aromatic/nitrogen feeds cause rapid initial deactivation in pilot plants

A feed sent to C Solutions in Thessaloniki, Greece caused catalyst to deactivate very rapidly when introduced on day one of a pilot plant run.  Analysis showed the feed to be full of high boiling aromatics and high in nitrogen. The pilot plant run was restarted with the usual ...


DuraSOx™

Highly attrition-resistant SOx reduction additive without performance compromise. DuraSOx SOx reduction additive is the culmination of intensive development work focusing on obtaining the most attrition-resistant Sox additive on the market without any performance compromises. It follows ...


Arofining™ - Aromatics purification via selective hydrogenation

An important source of aromatics for petrochemical end-uses originates from high severity, continuous catalyst regeneration (CCR) reformers. The current trend towards high severity operation results in higher concentrations of unwanted unsaturated hydrocarbons (diolefins, olefins, styrenes) ...


Traffic jams in your amine system

Have you ever found yourself in a traffic jam – one that results in a gridlock? If you have, you probably will not forget the frustration and headache that resulted from lost time just sitting there feeling helpless. You probably felt there were just too many cars on the road. If ...


Recovering PGMs and other precious metals from spent hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts.

We’ll work together to maximize your returns, lower your costs, increase your profits, and assure your peace of mind. Sabin Metal refines spent catalysts pellets, beads, extrudates, and monolithic structures from hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts and from catalytic abatement ...


Reactor Internals

State-of-the-art hardware to help optimize catalyst utilization, maximize cycle length and increase process safety. The performance of hydroprocessing reactors is determined not only by the catalyst loaded but also by the design of their internals. Shell Global Solutions’ internals ...


Increase capacity in your column with a tray design revamp

When trying to increase column capacity beyond design rates, an operator may notice loss in separation efficiency or high pressure drop, indicative of either vapor phase or liquid phase hydraulic limitations. An optimized tray design can eliminate hydraulic constraints to provide better ...