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Literature

ASCENT™ DC-2534: performance that delivers greater value for your investment

Refiners who are planning to replace their ULSD catalysts have important decisions to make. The factors they must consider include catalyst performance, hydrogen consumption and catalyst regeneration/reuse options, all of which will have a direct bearing on their costs and the economic ...


DeltaValve coke drum bottom unheading valve

Redesigned with smaller body and bonnet components, the new bottom unheading valve is lighter than earlier versions, maintaining its reputation as the smallest and lightest fully automated bottom unheading valve in the industry. The small footprint of this bottom unheading valve makes ...


MD FCC Catalysts - boosting middle distillates production in FCC

Maximizing middle distillates in FCC units. A range of catalysts is available from Albemarle for increasing the production of middle distillates in the FCC process while retaining the many other attractive features of this versatile bottom-ofthe- barrel upgrading process. The key to success ...


IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology

DuPont Sustainable Solutions offers IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology, a commercially proven breakthrough process which provides refiners a significantly more economical means to produce today’s ultra low sulfur transportation fuels. DuPont acquired the technology in August ...


GT-BenZap®: cost-effective benzene management

GT-BenZap®: Cost-Effective Benzene Management: GTC Technology’s process know-how can meet refiners’ needs by providing a variety of cost-effective solutions, ranging from aromatics extraction to catalytic hydrogenation for benzene management in gasoline-bound streams. GT-BenZap ...


Phoebe - phosphorus determination in hydrocarbon and aqueous matrices

From crude oil to bio-fuels, in additives or water, the Phoebe Benchtop Analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy for quantification of phosphorus. Based on XOS’s MWD XRF analytical platform, (as is found in Sindie and Clora Analyzers) Phoebe offers a LOD of 0.4 ppm ...


ExxonMobil catalysts and licensing

ExxonMobil licenses downstream and chemical manufacturing technologies and catalysts for processes that provide significant value to customers. A broad portfolio of technologies and catalysts is offered for the manufacture of fuels, lubricants, intermediates and polymers with solutions ...


Hydrogen-starved unit struggles to make ULSD

This is a 36 bar (525 psig) unit that was converted to ulsd service. The first two cycles used Albemarle KF-757 and lasted 6 months compared to one year expected cycle life. They switched to Topsoe catalyst for the next cycle and saw no improvement. Two suppliers recommended replacing ...


Co-catalysts: maximizing profitability through product flexibility

As Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) product values change, the drive to maximize either gasoline or diesel from the FCC unit has resulted in dynamic market fluctuations. How does a refiner respond to these market variations to maximize the value of the products from the FCC unit? Co-Catalysts, ...


Stratco® alkylation technical services

As the world leader in sulfuric acid alkylation, DuPont has extensive experience and know-how that can support your alkylation unit, either on an as needed or ongoing basis. Whether it’s troubleshooting, optimizing operations, supporting maintenance, turnaround consulting, training, ...


Distillation and separation technologies

Improve performance and minimize expenditure. Refinery operators want to improve their distillation performance to optimise their assets, minimise their expenditure and capital investment, and debottleneck their operations. Through the licensing of bulk crude distillation units, high-vacuum ...


Equipment design matters

Many attractive projects fail to meet expectations at startup. Disappointing performance often results from bad simulation practices and/or poor equipment design rather than faulty execution. Refineries are currently considering FCC revamps to increase olefins for more alky unit feed, ...


CORAL™ SMR

Improving the fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) profit potential of heavy feeds. SMR technology features. The need to process heavy feeds in FCC units continues to grow. Albemarle’s innovative SMR catalyst technology addresses the three fundamentals of heavy feed cracking: coke ...


Your valve specialist - safe and economic

OHL Gutermuth has made a name for itself throughout the world in special valves and offers customized solutions for shutting off, throttling and regulating media under extreme conditions. The particular strength of the company lies in its decades of experience with a wide variety of use-specific ...


Linde HiQ synthetic air

HiQ Synthetic air is high purity air for laboratories and process control instrumentation. Use with HiQ Hydrogen for the perfect GC-FID fuel gas mixture.  Also ideal as a zero gas during instrument setup and calibration.


CE valve - the efficient ring valve

Many of the processes that have Significant importance for industrial plant operation can cause extreme stress on compressor valves, e.g. by the presence of particles, catalyst debris, liquids or polymerides. Particles carried along with the gas flow or polymers can lead to clogging of ...


Profitable hydrocracking starts here.............

For seven decades we've helped feedstock processors enhance profits with responsive and responsible refining and recovery of PGMs from spent processing catalysts. Profitable hydrocracking and hydrocarbon processing starts and ends with Sabin Metal worldwide.


High aromatic/nitrogen feeds cause rapid initial deactivation in pilot plants

A feed sent to C Solutions in Thessaloniki, Greece caused catalyst to deactivate very rapidly when introduced on day one of a pilot plant run.  Analysis showed the feed to be full of high boiling aromatics and high in nitrogen. The pilot plant run was restarted with the usual ...


MECS® SolvR™ technology for regenerative SO2 recovery.

An energy efficient so absorption process with nearly zero SO2 emmissions. MECS® SolvR™ Technology employs an absorption solvent that is readily available, environmentally friendly and lower in cost than solvents used in other SO2 absorption processes. The technology can be ...


GXM3™ high capacity sulphur granulation unit

Sulphur granulation is a size enlargement process. Small sulphur seeds (undersized granules) are repeatedly coated with a liquid sulphur spray and cooled. With repeated application of liquid sulphur, the seed increases in volume and weight. As the granule is enlarged, each coating of liquid ...


Precious metal refining with response and responsibility

Learn more about the art and science of sampling at Sabin Metal, one of many Elements Of Success we’ve provided to catalyst users around the world for over six decades.


Hyper compressor

The Hyper Compressor is a high-pressure reciprocating compressor for low density polyethylene plants and compress ethylene with discharge pressure up to 3’500 bara (50’000 psia). Burckhardt Compression has an outstanding experience of over 55 years in manufacturing Hyper Compressors. ...


Opportunity knocks

A group of interesting articles* deals with opportunity crudes, a mixed breed that includes very heavy, sour and high total acid number types as well as those with unexceptional naphthenic acid content but which do have significant concentrations of aliphatic acids or possess the ability ...


Linde HiQ SPECTRA VOC standards EPA method TO-14A

The US EPA’s Compendium Method TO-14A, “Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Ambient Air Using Specially Prepared Canisters With Subsequent Analysis By Gas Chromatography” is used extensively by analysts for both ambient air studies and indoor air quality ...


ParaFuel™ NIR process analyzer

Comprehensive fuel and crude oil analysis through NIR spectroscopy. The ParaFuel™ NIR Process analyzer from LT Industries provides comprehensive inline analysis of Diesel, Gasoline, Jet Fuel, Kerosene, Crude Oil, Blending components and Blended Fuels for a wide range of critical ...


STRATCO® Alkylation innovations for grassroots applications

A commitment to innovation research and development. DuPont recognizes that continued improvement of the STRATCO® alkylation technology is critical to our customers’ success. As such, DuPont has a dedicated team of scientists and engineers focused on alkylation R&D at the ...


Stratco® XP2 technology for the stratco® contactor reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor™. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


Liquid-liquid separation technology

In industrial process equipments liquid-liquid mixtures are produced by essentially two different mechanisms. a) Mixing of the phases in either purpose built equipment, mechanical mixers, static mixers where pressure energy is applied to increase the surface free energy of the fluids to ...


Thermal oxidizer systems

UOP Callidus is an industry leader in environmental and combustion technology. We have provided incinerators for a wide variety of gas and liquid wastes including inorganic particulate, various acids and hard-to-burn organic compounds. Our experience extends to development and implementation ...


A time for grass roots thinking ?

Within the past year or two spiking crude prices and surging refinery margins have led to overheated talk about increasing refinery capacity worldwide. Plans for construction of as many 60 grass roots refineries have been discussed. But stretched out lead times for major equipment and ...


Nasty stuff

Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, ...


CO₂ purification and liquefaction

Climate-friendly way to source CO₂. Climate mitigation in focus. Rising environmental and climate mitigation pressures mean that more and more companies are looking for flexible solutions to improve their carbon footprint. In particular, they are keen to meet the carbon dioxide (CO₂) ...


Vapor pressure testing for petroleum, LPG, crude oil and Chemicals

Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids especially of spark-ignition engine fuels. It provides an indication of how a fuel will perform under different operating conditions. For example, vapor pressure is a factor in determining, whether a fuel will cause vapor ...


MECS® Excalibur™ auto lancing systems

Thee MECS® auto lance system was developed to automatically lance new sulphuric acid re tube boilers while they're in service, cleaning fire tube boilers as efficiently as manual lancing. The MECS® Excalibur™ sequentially cleans all re tubes by opening the shutter tube. Thee ...


Triple eccentric butterfly valve

Metal seated Butterfly Valve with triple eccentric offset Proven system for superior applications: Oxygen, gases, exhaust gases, fluids as well as abrasive and corrosive media.


Increase capacity in your column with a tray design revamp

When trying to increase column capacity beyond design rates, an operator may notice loss in separation efficiency or high pressure drop, indicative of either vapor phase or liquid phase hydraulic limitations. An optimized tray design can eliminate hydraulic constraints to provide better ...


Catalysts for improved lubricating oil

Catalyst performance is paramount in producing high-value lubricants. Refiners trust catalysts from Criterion Catalysts & Technologies (Criterion) to deliver high yields of top-quality base oils. Consequently, our products are to be found in lubricant plants across the world. Lubricant ...


4 simple ways to convert turnarounds into profitable tower upgrade opportunities

With planned outages commonly occurring at intervals of 2-5 years, a refinery turnaround is a prime opportunity to replace column and separator internals with the newest available technology. Planning for an outage with a “replacement-in-kind” strategy will address lost performance ...


FCC – leading-edge technology for enhanced reliability and environmental performance

Refiners are under immense pressure to improve the performance of their fluidised catalytic cracking (FCC) units. At the same time, there are changing market demands and environmental issues to consider. Shell Global Solutions helps by selecting technology from an extensive line-up to ...


A second life for reciprocating compressors

Compressor upgrade and revamp. HOERBIGER upgrade and revamp dated compressors in ways that are tailored to the existing and future requirements in your industry. This increases the efficiency, reliability and environmental soundness of your compression system. Simply select the application ...