You are currently viewing: Literature


Number: 435 Page:  [1] 2 3 4 5 »
Display: 

Literature

The StarLNG™ family

The StarLNG™ concept was originally developed for the typical small scale capacity range of 100 to 600 tonnes per day (tpd) and was based on Linde’s proprietary single mixed refrigerant liquefaction process LIMUM®1 using plate-fin heat exchangers (PFHE). During concept ...


On budget, on time, offine

Flawless project execution will not prevent a unit shutdown due to selecting the wrong metallurgy for a challenging crude slate. No matter how well it is fabricated and installed, a shell and tube exchanger with cold, high viscosity vacuum resid on the tube side will have poor heat transfer ...


Phoebe - phosphorus determination in hydrocarbon and aqueous matrices

From crude oil to bio-fuels, in additives or water, the Phoebe Benchtop Analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy for quantification of phosphorus. Based on XOS’s MWD XRF analytical platform, (as is found in Sindie and Clora Analyzers) Phoebe offers a LOD of 0.4 ppm ...


BELCO® marine systems

DuPont™ BELCO® Marine Scrubber Systems for ship exhaust gas cleaning reduce SOx emissions from ship engines, boilers and heaters. Our systems enable vessels to meet sulphur emission limits as required by IMO MARPOL Annex VI regulations without switching to low-sulphur fuel. BELCO® ...


StarLNG™ leading standardised small-to mid-scale LNG plants

Meeting future energy challenges. Growing importance of natural gas. In the bid to find cleaner, more environmentally sound sources of energy, the spotlight is increasingly shining on natural gas. Burning methane, the principle component of natural gas, produces around 30% less carbon ...


Linde HiQ for the petrochemical Industry

Within a petrochemical refinery, there are five main areas where HiQ Specialty Gases from Linde Gas are used: the refinery laboratory, which may include R&D centres or pilot plants; process control stations; gas detection for employee health and safety; environmental compliance & ...


Criterion Catalysts & Technologies focus on performance

Considerable resourcefulness is required to run a refinery profitably when faced with shifting product demand patterns, tighter specifications, rising energy costs, tougher environmental regulations and variable crude quality. At the same time, the world order is changing. The economic ...


Gas/liquid treating and sulphur processes

Helping oil and gas operators meet emission limits. Operators in the oil and gas industries face tough challenges in removing contaminants from their products, reducing emissions and meeting specifications. Shell Global Solutions’ gas/liquid treating and sulphur processes are available ...


KOC-15™- Flexible and effective way to lower afterburn in your FCC unit

KOC-15 additive is Albemarle’s most widely used platinum-based combustion promoter, and is commercially proven to provide many refiners with a reliable, low-cost and flexible solution to afterburn and excess carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. In the regenerator, the coke (carbon) on ...


Low density polyethylene technology and services

ExxonMobil licenses low density polyethylene (LDPE) technologies developed from over 45 years of LDPE production. Providing services under licensing agreements, ExxonMobil can present a unique combination of solutions to lower manufacturing costs and improve product performance in a variety ...


Electrostatic Coalescers: desalting and dehydration of crudes

Electrostatic coalescers allow to remove small water droplets which would remain emulsified and not separated in conventional separators, thanks to droplet size increase through coalescence in an electric field. Crude desalting can be achieved by injecting and emulsifying dilution water ...


Methanol to gasoline technology

ExxonMobil’s methanol to gasoline (MTG) process selectively converts methanol to a single fungible liquid fuel and a small LPG stream. The liquid product is conventional gasoline with virtually no sulphur and low benzene, which can be sold as is or blended with ethanol, methanol ...


Improved technology for carbon capture & storage saves capital cost

Total man-made carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the world today amount to approximately 30 Gigatons per year, with fossil fuel-based power stations contributing in excess of 30% of this total. Carbon Capture is an energy intensive process, buy Sulzer’s specialized technology allows ...


Olgone℠ technology and services

A high-performance, highly-stable catalyst is at the heart of the Olgone℠ process. This technology is designed to extend cycles of existing aromatic stream treaters, thus reducing the amount of solid waste that is generated. The outstanding performance of the Olgone process can lead ...


Axens Symphony™ reforming catalysts

The next generation of higher performance reforming catalysts. Based on more than 100 years of accumulated experience Axens has developed Symphony™, the next generation of higher performance reforming catalysts born from a harmonious orchestration of expertise designed to yield superior ...


Axens hydrocracking

Axens is an established name in hydrocracking licensing with more than 40 years’ experience in all types of hydrocracking processes. We have a large portfolio of hydroconversion processes, including fixed and ebullated-bed technologies. Our commercial units operate at low, medium ...


MECS® sulfuric acid and environmental technologies

Is the leading provider of proprietary process technology, speciality products and technical services to the global sulfuric acid industry. MECS® has provided best-in-class sulfuric acid plant processes, clean technologies, and specialty products to a wide distribution of industries ...


Sulfuric acid alkylation technology and services

Upgrading light olefins and isobutane to alkylate offers refiners an opportunity to increase their crude barrel value. Alkylate is a superior gasoline blendstock due to its high octane and low vapor pressure. ExxonMobil’s proven Sulfuric Acid Alkylation technology reacts propylene, ...


Hydrogen-starved unit struggles to make ULSD

This is a 36 bar (525 psig) unit that was converted to ulsd service. The first two cycles used Albemarle KF-757 and lasted 6 months compared to one year expected cycle life. They switched to Topsoe catalyst for the next cycle and saw no improvement. Two suppliers recommended replacing ...


Using chemical analysis to diagnose amine upsets

Using chemical analysis from your amine supplier to diagnose your amine system? Understanding the link between the analysis report and the amine system operation can be foggy. MPR Services, Inc. shares clear understandings and provides solutions to amine hygiene.


Compressor solutions for LNG terminal applications

Growing natural gas markets: Demand for environmentally friendly natural gas as a fossil fuel will continue to increase over the long term. Replacing the liquid fossil fuels of diesel, gasoline and oil with natural gas would reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by about 30%. Coal and ...


How to evaluate, select, and work with a precious metals refiner.

Precious metals are used in many processes and products for facilitating and/or speeding chemical reactions, pollution abatement, chemical/pharmaceutical production, electroplating, automotive catalytic reactors, jewelry, film, and hundreds more. Escalating values of most precious metals ...


Cyanide corrosion causes costly upsets

Refinery cyanides cause considerable corrosion, hydrogen blistering and waste water treatment problems. The majority of refinery cyanides are formed in the reactor of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units. All of the gas from the reactor, including the cyanide, is carried overhead into ...


FCC additive technologies

BASF offers a complete range of FCC additives to meet refiners’ environmental and performance requirements. In response to increasing concerns about the environment and the global drive for ever-tightening emissions regulations, BASF has developed, and continuously refines, an innovative ...


PxMax℠ technology and services

ExxonMobil’s PxMax℠ process is the industry benchmark Selective Toluene Disproportionation (STDP) process. The technology, based on the ex-situ selectivated EM-2300 catalyst, offers unmatched paraxylene selectivity and product yields, as well as exceptionally long and stable cycles. ...


An innovative new technology platform for FCC distillate maximization

BASF has developed an innovative catalytic technology platform for maximizing distillate yields from a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit. This unique platform, designated Prox-SMZ for Proximal Stable Matrix and Zeolite, combines attributes from both high zeolite and high matrix activity ...


Tray designs for extreme fouling applications

Today refiners experience a lot of problems with processing of opportunity or heavy crudes. Such crudes have very high sulfur content and require the addition of amine scavengers before desalting. These amines decompose in the heater and create ammonium chlorides in the presence of water ...


Fractional crystallization

Crystallization is one of the most powerful purification methods available in process engineering. Fractional crystallization is a stagewise separation technique that relies upon liquid-solid phase transition and enables multicomponent mixtures to be split into narrow fractions, ultimately ...


Drizo™ the best available glycol dehydration process

Drizo™ regenerates the glycol by solvent stripping instead of the conventional gas stripping. Solvent stripping allows to obtain much higher glycol purities than gas stripping (up to 99.998 wt% instead of the typical 99.95 wt%) and consequently allows to get much larger water dew ...


Low and zero rare-earth FCC catalysts

Rare-earth metals are an important component of FCC catalysts, as well as being a key raw material for many strategic industries with applications ranging from military devices to electronic components. In addition, they are essential constituents in newly evolving green technologies, ...


ExxonMobil catalysts and licensing

ExxonMobil licenses downstream and chemical manufacturing technologies and catalysts for processes that provide significant value to customers. A broad portfolio of technologies and catalysts is offered for the manufacture of fuels, lubricants, intermediates and polymers with solutions ...


Linde HiQ SPECTRA-SEAL calibration gas mixtures.

The demand for stable, accurate measurement is the cornerstone of today’s fast-paced analytical world. Calibration standards of low-level reactive mixtures, typically those with levels below 5 ppm, can prove to be un- stable over time. This can result in incorrect measurements, lost ...


Advanced combustion solutions for production applications

We Pride Ourselves On Quality UOP Callidus develops flare systems for hydrocarbon processing, oil and gas production, steel, carbon black and petrochemical processing industries. Each of these flare systems is built to match the customer’s specific process criteria and performance ...


Precious metal refining with response and responsibility

Learn more about the art and science of sampling at Sabin Metal, one of many Elements Of Success we’ve provided to catalyst users around the world for over six decades.


GT-DWC dividing wall column design saves cost and energy

GTC Technology is widely known for innovation, technical knowledge and commitment to excellence through proprietary technologies and customized solutions. Our process equipment technology offerings include the dividing wall column (DWC), which separates a multi-component feed into three ...


Operating a fouled process unit? What is it costing you?

ITW Online Cleaning Technology, applied proactively during a run, restores unit performance to near start of run conditions in as low as 24 hours oil-to-oil without the need for opening equipment. By utilizing ITW’s patented asphaltene stabilization and/or polymer modification technologies, ...


Sindie on-the-go

Plug-It-In & Measure. Results with One Touch.Unrivaled Precision. The Sindie OTG is a portable sulfur analyzer and provides reliable quality results from ULSD and gasoline to marine fuels and crudes. The analyzer is suitable for operating in-the-field, on-board marine environments ...


Smart wireless solutions from Emerson

To operate your sites safely, efficiently, and cost effectively, you need a reliable stream of timely data - without sending personnel into the field more often than necessary. With Emerson’s Smart Wireless technology, you can easily capture this data across your operation, reducing ...


IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology

DuPont Sustainable Solutions offers IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology, a commercially proven breakthrough process which provides refiners a significantly more economical means to produce today’s ultra low sulfur transportation fuels. DuPont acquired the technology in August ...


Proper design of mass transfer internals in the FCC flue gas scrubber can help reduce PM emissions

The EPA’s New Source Performance Standards (40 C.F.R. §60.100-1-0, subpart Ja) regulates refinery particulate emissions, including the discharge of catalyst fines from the FCCU flue gas scrubber stack. Because refiners have traditionally correlated particulate matter (PM) emissions ...