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Literature

Residue upgrading using ebullated-bed hydrocracking

Dealing more effectively with the bottom of the barrel is high on the refining industry’s agenda for the following reasons. Crude oil feedstocks are becoming heavier, which is making lighter crudes more expensive. Environmental pressures are undermining the market for heavy fuel ...


Selective catalytic reduction and catalytic oxidation

Reducing NOx and CO levels for simple-cycle systems, heat recovery steam generators, package boilers, and thermal oxidizers. UOP Callidus delivers technically superior emission control products and services to the power, petrochemical, and refining industries. Our Selective Catalytic ...


PROGNOST corporate brochure

The path to successful products and services is always by way of intensive dialog with potential buyers and customers. Only by exchanging experience on a continuous basis it is possible to gain the necessary knowledge of operator requirements which results in useful products. PROGNOST ...


IFPACC™ a new generation of structured packings for gas treatment

A joint development between IFP Energies nouvelles and PROSERNAT. Characteristics: A novel structured packing geometry, Adapted to the constraints of acid gas removal by amine solvents, Geometric area of 200 m2/m3, Tested at industrial scale (Ø 1 m column), High effective to geometric ...


Axens hydrocracking

Axens is an established name in hydrocracking licensing with more than 40 years’ experience in all types of hydrocracking processes. We have a large portfolio of hydroconversion processes, including fixed and ebullated-bed technologies. Our commercial units operate at low, medium ...


Naphtha hydrotreating catalysts

Dealing with the more challenging streams. Criterion is a world-leading supplier of naphtha hydrotreating catalysts, the key to the effective removal of sulphur and nitrogen compounds from this valuable refinery stream. We supply about one-third by weight of all the naphtha hydrotreating ...


CeraLine™ elbows, pipe & spool linings

Specifically designed for the harsh environments within mining, power generation and other heavy industrial processing industries, Blasch’s new CeraLine family of products exhibits exceptional wear and abrasion resistance which results in unparalleled life. Elbow diameters ranging ...


Hydrogen sulfide removal from sour associated gas

In November of 1999, PT Pertamina (Indonesia’s staterun oil company) installed the LO-CAT® II Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation Process for their Mudi Field in East Java, Indonesia. The oil production operation at the Mudi field was producing up to 11 MMSCFD of sour associated gas. ...


Process heater burners, flare systems, thermal oxidizers, catalyst systems

With over two decades of overcoming combustion and emissions challenges, UOP Callidus consistently leads the industry by setting the standards for maximum performance and minimum emissions. Burners that set the standards: Innovation and technology are the keys to UOP Callidus burners. ...


Topsoe stream management

Ensuring optimal utilization of all hydroprocessing units, hydrogen and catalyst. Refiners often face bottlenecks and challenges at their different units. Many times, these are solved within the refinery itself, and only considering a single or maybe a few units. With Topsoe Stream Management ...


Ariel Coproration API 618 moderate-speed process compressors

Ariel’s moderate-speed API 618 process compressors are utilized in a wide range of applications around the globe, providing the safety and reliability demanded by today’s refinery and petrochemical industries. With 40,000+ reciprocating compressors ranging from 100 to 10,000 ...


CORAL™ FCC catalysts

Improving residue FCC unit performance through enhanced catalyst accessibility. Mass transfer limitations. Many FCC units experience losses in conversion and bottoms selectivity as a result of mass-transfer limitations. These are due to the problems that high-molecular-weight, sterically ...


Dual-service hydrocracking

High-quality middle distillate products from partial conversion of heavy oil fractions and difficult feedstocks.Hydrocracking is an established and reliable method for transforming low-value heavy oil fractions into products with a higher value. Shell Global Solutions’ dual-service ...


Oil sands crude – profits and problems?

Canadian bitumen production currently runs about 1 MMbpd, with some being sold as Synbit and Dilbit. Over the next 10-12 years output is expected to increase to 3.5 MMbpd and more refiners will begin investing to process it and come to depend on the Synbit and Dilbit for a significant ...


ParaFuel™ NIR process analyzer

Comprehensive fuel and crude oil analysis through NIR spectroscopy. The ParaFuel™ NIR Process analyzer from LT Industries provides comprehensive inline analysis of Diesel, Gasoline, Jet Fuel, Kerosene, Crude Oil, Blending components and Blended Fuels for a wide range of critical ...


OptiFuel™ technology and Albemarle coker additives

Reduced coke yield and increased operating flexibility. For many years, delayed coking units have played an important role in oil refineries as one of the most cost effective processes to convert vacuum residue into more valuable products. The delayed coking yields are the result of thermal ...


Improved hydrocracking

leading-edge Catalysts coupled with outstanding Technical service. Criterion Catalysts & Technologies (Criterion) offers a broad range of zeolite catalysts to satisfy a variety of refinery hydrocracking objectives. We also provide the feed pretreatment catalysts that are vital to preserving ...


IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology

DuPont Sustainable Solutions offers IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology, a commercially proven breakthrough process which provides refiners a significantly more economical means to produce today’s ultra low sulfur transportation fuels. DuPont acquired the technology in August ...


Slash your hydrogen production costs

By utilizing low value, excess fuel gas, you can reduce your consumption of costly traditional hydrogen plant feedstocks, such as natural gas, LPG, butane or naphtha. Upgrading fuel gas produced onsite is a proven way to significantly cut the cost of your hydrogen production. Refinery ...


Transforming ULSD economics

The ability to produce diesel containing less than 10-ppm sulphur is no longer a differentiator in most  markets. Progressive refiners are pushing to make  ultra-low-sulphur diesel (ULSD) with improved fuel  properties from tougher feedstocks and often within  tight ...


Isomalk-4 C7 paraffin isomerization technology

Isomalk-4 is a low-temperature isomerization technology for processing C7 paraffins contained in wide-range naphtha streams. In a conventional refinery configuration, C7 paraffins are distributed to the C5-C6 isomerization unit and the reformer. These components have a high X-factor that ...


MECS® HexPro™ Ferrules

For waste heat boilers and heat exchangers in sulphuric acid plants. Precast, precision ceramic ferrules for severe temperature and heat-cycling conditions. Fast, Simple installation. MECS® HexPro™ Ferrules are pre-engineered for each installation and come properly sized, accurately ...


Making desalter vessels transparent to optimise crude processing

Making Desalter Vessels Transparent to Optimise Crude Processing... whatever the blend. To improve margins, refiners continuously look to optimise feedstock blends. Variability can bring significant operational challenges during the refining process that must be overcome. One critical ...


Caustic services

For 65 years, Merichem has provided environmentally responsible handling of spent caustics and other secondary materials that result from refining, natural gas and petrochemical processing. Merichem Caustic Management Services safely transports your secondary materials to Merichem manufacturing ...


Tube bundle and tube inserts for the Stratco contactor reactor

Optimise heat transfer distribution and increase heat transfer for improved performance. 3/4” tube bundle: the ¾” tube bundle was developed in response to a desire to increase Contactor™ capacity by increasing the amount of heat transfer surface area available ...


Amine and solvent management around the world

Our vast global experience providing online amine hygiene and solvent management to the ammonia, gas, oil, and steel industry places MPR in a unique position to serve its customers. Our dedicated research and development group continues to make improvements in our technologies meeting ...


Nasty stuff

Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, ...


PxMax℠ technology and services

Unmatched PX Selectivity and catalyst cycles in STDP service The PxMax℠ process offers improved yields, excellent stability, ease of operation, and extremely long catalyst cycles. ExxonMobil’s PxMax℠ process is the industry benchmark Selective Toluene Disproportionation (STDP) ...


Opportunity or Annoyance?

Price differentials between conventional and opportunity crudes compel refiners to process increasing percentages of lower valued opportunity crude. However, as many refiners have learned the hard way, opportunity crudes are tied to unique processing challenges. Furthermore, existing crude ...


Quick at-line mini-distillation delivers true boiling point or D86 results

The MINIDIS ADXpert is a compact, versatile true atmospheric distillation unit, used for the quick and accurate quality control of Gasoline, Jet Fuels, Diesel, Biofuels, Blends, Chemicals and Solvents in laboratories and in process. A distillation run on light products takes just 15 minutes ...


Making the invisible visible

In FCC Units (Fluidised Catalyst Cracking Units) the atmospheric residue from the distillation is cracked to LPG, naptha and other components. This sometimes leads to “invisible” deposits inside the Riser. This article features Tracerco’s ThruVision™ scans to illustrate ...


Compressor solutions for LNG terminal applications

Growing natural gas markets: Demand for environmentally friendly natural gas as a fossil fuel will continue to increase over the long term. Replacing the liquid fossil fuels of diesel, gasoline and oil with natural gas would reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by about 30%. Coal and ...


Reciprocating compressor solutions for refineries

Burckhardt Compression is one of the global market leaders in the field of reciprocating compressors and the only manufacturer that covers a complete range of reciprocating compressor technologies. Its compressor systems are used in the upstream oil & gas, gas transport and storage, ...


S, Ni, V, and Fe analysis of crude oil using HDXRF®

Test methods for measuring sulfur content, like ASTM D4294 and ISO 8754, have become critical for assessing the value of crude oil. The blending of crude oils from different sources has become more commonplace within the industry to meet specifications for the classification of sweet crude ...


Redura® rod sealing systems

As a compressor OEM with more than 170 years of experience, Burckhardt Compression has been setting standards for piston rod packings and packing rings for decades. Patented designs developed in-house and exhaustive material research are the perfect recipe for unique high-performance piston ...


EDV wet scrubbing systems reduction of particulates SO2, SO3, and NOX

EDV® Wet Scrubbing operates on the principles of saturation, absorption, condensation, and filtration. Specialized vessels and spray nozzles are used to control a variety of pollutants with system configured for each application’s requirements. Longer operating campaigns and ...


Cutting-edge catalysts for cumene production

ExxonMobil’s zeolite catalysts are the heart of the Badger Cumene process. Originally developed by Mobil Oil, the MCM-22 family of zeolite catalysts revolutionized the production of cumene. With their high activity and selectivity to cumene, ExxonMobil catalysts enable a simple, ...


AMBER™

AMBER catalysts are frequently used, high-quality catalysts from the Albemarle portfolio and are manufactured using ADM-20 matrix technology, which is common to its high-accessibility catalysts. AMBER is the benchmark for maximum transportation fuels against which all other gas oil catalysts ...


ProtAgon™ 4G

ProtAgon™ 4G is the latest generation of Grace’s propylene maximization technology. Propylene yields of over 12wt% have been achieved with this catalyst technology. ProtAgon™ 4G is manufactured using the Grace EnhanceR™ Technology Platform, and is an extension of ...


4 simple ways to convert turnarounds into profitable tower upgrade opportunities

With planned outages commonly occurring at intervals of 2-5 years, a refinery turnaround is a prime opportunity to replace column and separator internals with the newest available technology. Planning for an outage with a “replacement-in-kind” strategy will address lost performance ...