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AMBER™

AMBER catalysts are frequently used, high-quality catalysts from the Albemarle portfolio and are manufactured using ADM-20 matrix technology, which is common to its high-accessibility catalysts. AMBER is the benchmark for maximum transportation fuels against which all other gas oil catalysts ...


NADIUS™ 4G

NADIUS™ 4G is the latest generation of Grace’s market-leading NADIUS™ catalyst family for hydrotreated and straight-run VGO feed applications. NADIUS™ 4G, an extension of the NADIUS™ catalyst family, is a component of the EnhanceR™ technology platform, ...


Delivering high performance products for refineries

The world oil refining industry is a continually changing business. This presents an ever-evolving challenge to the refiner and requires the ability to be flexible, adaptable and aware of the future directions and changes the industry will take. At Johnson Matthey Catalysts, we work closely ...


Bicine can be controlled

Bicine is a very corrosive degradation product produced in certain DEA and MDEA systems. Amine system operators must take steps to minimize O2 and SO2 incursion into the amine system and will need to monitor Heat Stable Salts and Amino Acids (Bicine) concentrations in the amine.


SRU solutions Dynawave® reverse jet scrubber

Claus Sulfur Recovery Units (SRU) are found in various industries, such as refineries, natural gas processing plants, chemical plants, and coal gasification facilities. The Claus process is widely used to recover sulfur from HS containing gas streams. However, a Claus SRU can typically ...


Arofining™ - Aromatics purification via selective hydrogenation

An important source of aromatics for petrochemical end-uses originates from high severity, continuous catalyst regeneration (CCR) reformers. The current trend towards high severity operation results in higher concentrations of unwanted unsaturated hydrocarbons (diolefins, olefins, styrenes) ...


SweetSulf™ The high pressure redox desulfurization process

Reaction: Sour gas is contacted with an aqueous redox solution which extracts the H2S and converts it into solid elemental sulphur. Gas separation: Treated gas, free of H2S, is separated from the redox solution. Solid separation: Solid sulphur is filtered under pressure on a cartridge ...


Linde REDLINE specialty equipment

As a major part of our HiQ products, REDLINE equipment is the hardware of choice for your specialty gas supply system. Why? Because with REDLINE gas panels, points of use and cylinder regulators, you’re not only buying the right equipment, you’re benefiting as well from our ...


Thermal conversion – converting the bottom of the barrel into higher-value products

Faced with falling demand for low-value products such as residue fuel oil, operators are seeking proven, cost-effective technologies to help increase the value of their residue streams by revamping and debottlenecking existing units. Shell Global Solutions’ thermal conversion processes ...


UOP adsorbent solutions in refining

A wide variety of contaminants can be effectively and economically removed from numerous hydrocarbon streams in petroleum refineries via non-regenerative and regenerative adsorbents. It is necessary to remove contaminants, including: H2S, COS, CS2, HCl, HF, Hg (elemental mercury), AsH3 ...


Thermal oxidizer systems

UOP Callidus is an industry leader in environmental and combustion technology. We have provided incinerators for a wide variety of gas and liquid wastes including inorganic particulate, various acids and hard-to-burn organic compounds. Our experience extends to development and implementation ...


Operator training simulators

Providing you continuous improvement and a competitive edge. Today’s refining market is more competitive than ever—and as refineries continue to expand and overhaul their facilities, operator training will become an even more important part of safe, efficient and reliable plant ...


MECS® Sulfox™ process

The SULFOX™ process is based on the thermal and catalytic conversion of sulphur-bearing compounds into sulphuric acid. Depending on the feed gas conditions, customised plant types are offered. For low concentrations, the feed gas is preheated to the required catalyst inlet temperature ...


ITW Online Cleaning

Will revolutionize turnaround operations and operational excellence by optimizing: productivity, operability, safety health and environment, reliability, product quality, energy efficiency, CO2 SOX NOX VOC emissions, maintenance and repair and operational requirements. An entire Unit can ...


SOxMASTER-2™

Optimal SOx reduction without rare earth for partial- and full-burn units. SOx reduction additives are designed to capture and remove the oxidized sulfur compounds present in the FCC unit regenerator and release them in the FCC riser. On release, the sulfur exits the FCC unit as hydrogen ...


PROGNOST®-SILver

PROGNOST® has protected the investments of rotating equipment operators for twenty years. The vital role of a machinery protection system to mitigate the risk of serious damages is covered by PROGNOST®-SILver. This technology has proven its effectiveness and reliability on a daily ...


The Enersul safefoam transfer system

The Enersul SafeFoam Transfer System drastically reduces sulphur fines at critical transfer points throughout any sulphur h2andling system. The result is a significantly safer and more environmentally friendly sulphur handling system. The STS arrives 90% preassembled, resulting in significantly ...


ProMax®

ProMax is built on over 40 years of continual research and development efforts. Our team of development engineers has consistently found innovative ways to model processes so that the end results accurately refl ect the actual operating conditions of gas processing, refi ning and chemical ...


Linde HiQ specialty gases for the petrochemical industry

Expanding market penetration for chemicals and plastics, combined with increasing requirements for transportation fuels and the world-wide depletion of easily accessible raw materials are creating tremendous operational pressures for even the most efficient petrochemical complex. Innovative, ...


STRATCO® XP2 technology for the STRATCO® CONTACTOR™ reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


Using chemical analysis to diagnose amine upsets

Using chemical analysis from your amine supplier to diagnose your amine system? Understanding the link between the analysis report and the amine system operation can be foggy. MPR Services, Inc. shares clear understandings and provides solutions to amine hygiene.


DeltaValve retractable center feed injection device

The introduction of DeltaValve’s fully automated coke drum unheading valve in 2001 necessitated the development of side feed entry into the coke drum. No longer was it possible to feed resid into the coke drum through the bottom  ange as was standard with traditional manual ...


Safe flash point testing of refined products, oils and chemicals

Flashpoint testing is required in a number of industries to ensure conformance with regulatory requirements. It is used to assess, how much care has to be taken in handling, transporting and storing chemicals or solvents, e.g. Diesel, Jet Fuels, Biofuels, Asphalt, Waste Water, Lube Oils, ...


A single integrated vacuum system

Failure to design the vacuum unit as an integrated system will invariably result in unsatisfactory yield and poor product quality (high vanadium, nickel, microcarbon, or asphaltenes), and ultimately, an unscheduled shutdown. To avoid these revamp problems the charge pump, fired heater, ...


Cryogenic air separation

Design and construction of air separation plants is part of Linde’s traditional scope of activities, which led to the establishment of Linde’s Engineering Division at the turn of the 19th century. In 1902, the start-up of the world’s first air separation plant initiated ...


Isomalk-2 - A low-temperature light naphtha isomerization process

Isomalk-2 is a low-temperature isomerization technology that has been commercially proven in grassroots applications, revamps of semi-regenerative reforming units, and replacement of other isomerization technologies. This flexible process utilizes a robust platinum-containing mixed metal ...


Linde G-TECTA gas detection

Portable gas detection for employee health and safety. Ideal for explosimetry and flammable gas detection (LEL, LFL), confined space entry during maintenance activities, detection of toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide or detection of enriched and depleted oxygen atmospheres associated ...


Baseload LNG production in Stavanger

One of our most recent references for LNG base-load production with an annual capacity of 300,000 tons of LNG is a plant built at the Norwegian west cost near the city of Starvanger, started-up for commercial production in 2010. Thanks to Linde’s proprietary, most energy-efficient ...


Approaches to simulating distillation and absorption

Distillation of spirits has been practiced since the time of the ancient Greeks who ascribed sacred powers to the liquids that resulted from refining wine using stills such as the one shown in Figure 1. Dionysian cults incorporated these early spirits into religious rituals. Distillation ...


Sulfur recovery - modular units

Jacobs brings proven experience in application of pre-assembly and modular project delivery in the petroleum industry. Our modular construction experience and capabilities span the project spectrum from concept through construction. We bring experience executing modular projects and working ...


MIDW™ technology and services

ExxonMobil’s MIDW™ process provides the highest yields of low cloud point diesel. The process uses a proprietary catalyst that converts waxy paraffins to higher performance molecules, as compared with older technologies that relied on cracking. This results in a much higher ...


Quantifying FCC catalyst accessibility

Accessibility is related to the mass-transfer characteristics of an FCC catalyst. Albemarle has developed a quantitative laboratory test that measures the accessibility of FCC catalyst particles: the first such measurement in the history of FCC. This test has dramatically altered the way ...


Hydrogen-starved unit struggles to make ULSD

This is a 36 bar (525 psig) unit that was converted to ulsd service. The first two cycles used Albemarle KF-757 and lasted 6 months compared to one year expected cycle life. They switched to Topsoe catalyst for the next cycle and saw no improvement. Two suppliers recommended replacing ...


Multi-elemental analysis in petroleum products

When thinking of elemental analysis in petroleum products, sulfur is often the first thing that comes to mind. Chlorine is another element that is commonly tested for in refineries to monitor and prevent corrosion of equipment. However, these are not the only elements that are important ...


Residue upgrading using ebullated-bed hydrocracking

Dealing more effectively with the bottom of the barrel is high on the refining industry’s agenda for the following reasons. Crude oil feedstocks are becoming heavier, which is making lighter crudes more expensive. Environmental pressures are undermining the market for heavy fuel ...


Gain 5-10% efficiency with this simple 4-pass tray revamp

The design of 4-pass trays can be complex. It not only requires a close evaluation of the mechanical design but also the process response to that design at various flow rates. The balancing of the fluid flows across the tray can have a substantial effect on the tray performance, namely ...


Maximizing diesel recovery in your columns

Increased demand for automotive diesel is challenging refiners to adjust operating strategies to maximize middle distillate production. While some refiners choose to alter catalyst formulations or build new cracking units to increase diesel yields, optimizing the separation between gas ...


Axens engineering services revamping

For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. ...


EDV wet scrubbing systems with LoTOx technology

For control of NOX emissions, the BELCO® EDV® Wet Scrubbing System uses a patented LoTOx™ process from The Linde Group. In the LoTOx™ process, NOX compounds are oxidized with ozone to form compounds that are easily removed from the flue gas by the same liquid-gas contact ...


KDSOx™

Cost-effective SOx reduction solution for full-combustion FCC units. Reducing SOx emissions has become increasingly challenging in many parts of the world. Depending on the location, SOx emission limits are defined at the refinery level as bubble limits; at the individual emissions source; ...