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Literature

Crude oil contaminants: chlorine and the desalting process

Crude oil contains many contaminants which present challenges to refiners. Some contaminants occur naturally in the crude oil and others are accumulated in the upstream process. The primary means to remove these contaminants is the desalting process. In the desalting process, water ...


Myth of the 1000°F vacuum unit cutpoint

Canadian Synbit and Dilbit crudes will come to make-up a substantial fraction of feedstocks to North American refineries. Today, however, for the most part refiners both north and south of the 40° parallel seem to be unaware of the extreme challenges this change will present. To run ...


Solutions for a cleaner, safer tomorrow

Through its science-based Clean Technologies portfolio, DuPont offers focused solutions based on real-world experience. The company has dedicated itself to improvements in the areas of clean air and clean fuel, and this has led the company to seek out like-minded industry partners and ...


Experience the Sabin difference for precious metal catalyst recovery and refining

We turn science into art for highest possible returns and added value. The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: ...


Higher activity, larger volume swell - the answer is HyBRIM™

Topsoe’s new superior TK-611 HyBRIM™ catalyst for high-pressure ultra-low sulfur diesel and hydrocracker pretreatment services. Now, more than ever, refiners are forced to search for the absolute top tier NiMo catalyst for their ULSD or hydrocracking pretreat reactors. Despite ...


Sindie on-the-go

Plug-It-In & Measure. Results with One Touch.Unrivaled Precision. The Sindie OTG is a portable sulfur analyzer and provides reliable quality results from ULSD and gasoline to marine fuels and crudes. The analyzer is suitable for operating in-the-field, on-board marine environments ...


Tray designs for extreme fouling applications

Today refiners experience a lot of problems with processing of opportunity or heavy crudes. Such crudes have very high sulfur content and require the addition of amine scavengers before desalting. These amines decompose in the heater and create ammonium chlorides in the presence of water ...


ProMax®

ProMax is built on over 40 years of continual research and development efforts. Our team of development engineers has consistently found innovative ways to model processes so that the end results accurately refl ect the actual operating conditions of gas processing, refi ning and chemical ...


Liquid hydrocarbon treating (LPG/PP/BB) - ADIP process

Applications: Besides its use as a regenerative process for the reduction of H2S to very low levels in gases, the ADIP process is also used to selectively reduce H2S and COS to very low levels in liquid hydrocarbons, such as propane-propylene (PP), butanebutene (BB), LPG and NGLs. The ...


Manufacturing

The Engineering Division, with its technological focus on promising market segments such as processing plants for hydrogen, oxygen, olefin and natural gas, is successful throughout the world. We have extensive process engineering know-how combined with broad experience in the planning, ...


Advanced rental flare technology

Rental Services: The UOP Callidus Rental Group has the unique ability to bypass the normal work flow with our own project design and management team to fulfill all of our customer’s rental needs. If it’s not in our vast inventory of existing parts and equipment, we can create ...


Sindie+Pb - sulfur and lead analysis of petroleum products

From ultra-low sulfur diesel and gasoline to heavy fuel oil and crude, the Sindie 7039 Plus Pb Analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy for sulfur detection with the added option for measuring lead. As aviation industry requirements become more stringent, lead detection is ...


OptiFuel™ technology and Albemarle coker additives

Reduced coke yield and increased operating flexibility. For many years, delayed coking units have played an important role in oil refineries as one of the most cost effective processes to convert vacuum residue into more valuable products. The delayed coking yields are the result of thermal ...


BELCO® marine systems

DuPont™ BELCO® Marine Scrubber Systems for ship exhaust gas cleaning reduce SOx emissions from ship engines, boilers and heaters. Our systems enable vessels to meet sulphur emission limits as required by IMO MARPOL Annex VI regulations without switching to low-sulphur fuel. BELCO® ...


Dynawave® reverse jet scrubber

How a reverse jet wet gas scrubber works. The DynaWave® Reverse Jet Scrubber is an open duct in which scrubbing liquid is injected, through a non-restrictive reverse jet nozzle, counter current to the dirty inlet gas. Liquid collides with down-coming gas to create the “Froth ...


Smart wireless solutions from Emerson

To operate your sites safely, efficiently, and cost effectively, you need a reliable stream of timely data - without sending personnel into the field more often than necessary. With Emerson’s Smart Wireless technology, you can easily capture this data across your operation, reducing ...


UOP Callidus Jade burner

The Jade Burner from UOP Callidus is the first ultra-low NOx Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Burner designed and built specifically to deliver ultra-low Nox emissions with no special physical or operational requirements. In many cases, incorporating the Jade burner into a thermal oxidizer results ...


MINIVAP VP Vision - next generation vapor pressure testing

MINIVAP VP Vision is a highly versatile portable vapor pressure tester that features best-in-class precision and a pressure range of 0-2000 kPa. It is the first analyzer that demonstrates excellence in engineering by earning certificates for robustness and durability. Based on Grabner´s ...


Fractional crystallization

Crystallization is one of the most powerful purification methods available in process engineering. Fractional crystallization is a stagewise separation technique that relies upon liquid-solid phase transition and enables multicomponent mixtures to be split into narrow fractions, ultimately ...


LNG technology

Natural gas is a mixture of gases containing primarily hydro-carbon gases. It is colorless and odorless in its pure form. It is the cleanest fossil fuel with the lowest carbon dioxide emissions. Natural gas is an important fuel source as well as a major feedstock for fertilizers and petrochemicals. For ...


EDV wet scrubbing systems reduction of particulates SO2, SO3, and NOX

EDV® Wet Scrubbing operates on the principles of saturation, absorption, condensation, and filtration. Specialized vessels and spray nozzles are used to control a variety of pollutants with system configured for each application’s requirements. Longer operating campaigns and ...


DuraSOx™

Highly attrition-resistant SOx reduction additive without performance compromise. DuraSOx SOx reduction additive is the culmination of intensive development work focusing on obtaining the most attrition-resistant Sox additive on the market without any performance compromises. It follows ...


PROGNOST corporate brochure

The path to successful products and services is always by way of intensive dialog with potential buyers and customers. Only by exchanging experience on a continuous basis it is possible to gain the necessary knowledge of operator requirements which results in useful products. PROGNOST ...


Suspension crystallization technology

Suspension crystallization technology completes Sulzer‘s existing portfolio of melt crystallization technology consisting of falling film and static crystallization. Based upon careful evaluation of the technologies, our clients can be sure to receive the ideal process for their ...


Sour water stripper

Applications: Many process units throughout a refinery generate significant quantities of sour water. Sour water collected within a refinery contains both H2S and NH3. These components are present as ammonium hydrosulfide (NH4HS) within the sour water. NH4HS is the salt of a weak base ...


Purge gas recovery

High-quality, customised solutions for the recovery of valuable gases from ammonia synthesis purge streams. Faced with strong competitive pressures, operators of ammonia synthesis plants are often keen to increase cost efficiency. The recovery of valuable gases from the purge gas stream ...


Effective water removal creates extra capacity in your absorber-stripper

Free or soluble water carrying over from the FCC or Coker Main Fractionator overhead systems can cause foaming problems and flooding in the Absorber-Stripper columns. Column designs that incorporate effective water removal can free-up capacity for valuable naphtha or LPG production. The ...


Operating a fouled process unit? What is it costing you?

ITW Online Cleaning Technology, applied proactively during a run, restores unit performance to near start of run conditions in as low as 24 hours oil-to-oil without the need for opening equipment. By utilizing ITW’s patented asphaltene stabilization and/or polymer modification technologies, ...


CORAL™ SMR

Improving the fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) profit potential of heavy feeds. SMR technology features. The need to process heavy feeds in FCC units continues to grow. Albemarle’s innovative SMR catalyst technology addresses the three fundamentals of heavy feed cracking: coke ...


Topsoe refinery Research & Development

Providing refiners with the best catalysts on the market would be impossible without the innovative ideas from Topsoe R&D. Combined with the knowledge obtained from our pilot plant units, catalyst development is essential to providing high-performing, customized solutions. Topsoe’s ...


Axens engineering services revamping

For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. ...


UOP adsorbent solutions in refining

A wide variety of contaminants can be effectively and economically removed from numerous hydrocarbon streams in petroleum refineries via non-regenerative and regenerative adsorbents. It is necessary to remove contaminants, including: H2S, COS, CS2, HCl, HF, Hg (elemental mercury), AsH3 ...


Hoekstra war stories

In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved ...


Sulfuric acid alkylation technology and services

Upgrading light olefins and isobutane to alkylate offers refiners an opportunity to increase their crude barrel value. Alkylate is a superior gasoline blendstock due to its high octane and low vapor pressure. ExxonMobil’s proven Sulfuric Acid Alkylation technology reacts propylene, ...


Sulfur recovery - SUPERCLAUS® / caustic scrubber process

Applications: Selection of an appropriate and cost effective Tail Gas Treatment process to follow existing Claus plants is a challenge facing refiners and natural gas plant owners around the world. New emission regulations, interest in increasing sulfur recovery and processing of higher ...


Customised air separation plants

The design, procurement, construction and operation of customised, multi-train air separation projects can present a number of challenges, particularly in remote locations. Having successfully engineered and executed most of the largest air separation complexes in the world, Linde Engineering ...


Low sulfur additive

Low Sulfur Additive (LSA) targets gasoline volume expansion while reducing sulfur compounds in gasoline without octane loss. The reduction of sulfur in FCC gasoline is a requirement in low sulfur gasoline markets because 90 percent of gasoline sulfur is derived from FCC gasoline. The combination ...


Standard high pressure compressors

The compact Standard High Pressure Compressors from Burckhardt Compression guarantee highest operational efficiency. Thanks to leading technology and in-house manufactured components, our customers can put their full trust in our highly reliable compressor systems. The variety of gases ...


ACTION® FCC catalysts

Raising the octane value of FCC gasoline with minimal loss of volume. Taking advantage of new zeolite technology. The chances are that raising the octane level of the gasoline produced in your FCC unit is high on your agenda. Octane has become a key issue for many refiners with the advent ...


LNG import terminals

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) is becoming the preferred method of transport and storage of natural gas. In the LNG value chain, LNG-receiving terminals play an important role, allowing for the sourcing of LNG from all over the world and creating a new dynamic in the local natural gas market. ...