You are currently viewing: Literature


Number: 435 Page:  «  1 [2] 3 4 5 6 »
Display: 

Literature

Cycle life estimates for catalyst reload vary from 7 to 44 months

It is very difficult to accurately predict the cycle life for a hydroprocessing unit. This is especially true with today’s highly variable feed slates. Despite this fact, catalyst suppliers are always asked to estimate cycle life when bidding for a catalyst reload, and they comply ...


Running dirty amine to save costs

Some plants have saved money in the short term by running dirty amine/glycol systems. The result of this obfuscation strategy often is problematic operations. Problems resulting from corrosion, foaming and loss of acid gas absorption arise from processing with contaminated amine/glycol. ...


4 simple ways to convert turnarounds into profitable tower upgrade opportunities

With planned outages commonly occurring at intervals of 2-5 years, a refinery turnaround is a prime opportunity to replace column and separator internals with the newest available technology. Planning for an outage with a “replacement-in-kind” strategy will address lost performance ...


Residue upgrading using fixed-bed hydroconversion

Dealing more effectively with the bottom of the barrel is high on the refining industry’s agenda for a several reasons. Crude oil feedstocks are becoming heavier, which is making lighter crudes more expensive. Environmental pressures are undermining the market for heavy fuel oil. ...


Linde HiQ accredited calibration gas mixtures

Linde Gas - In an age of global trade, analytical measuring results have to be comparable. This requirement is meanwhile satisfied by a large number of international directives and standards, e.g. DIN EN ISO/IEC 170251. Such regulations call for the metrological traceability of measuring ...


ProtAgon™ 4G

ProtAgon™ 4G is the latest generation of Grace’s propylene maximization technology. Propylene yields of over 12wt% have been achieved with this catalyst technology. ProtAgon™ 4G is manufactured using the Grace EnhanceR™ Technology Platform, and is an extension of ...


LRT FCC catalysts

Albemarle’s low rare earth technology (LRT) products. Driven by its goal to provide customers with comprehensive, economic catalyst solutions and the surge in global rare earth prices, Albemarle has developed and commercialized a range of LRT products. The catalysts available for ...


Proserpack™ combined exchanger - separator

Proserpack compact integrated heat exchanger – separator, simplifies NGL recovery by implementing 3 process steps (2 heat exchangers and the turbo-expander suction drum) in a single equipment item. The heat exchanger is a PACKINOX multi-fluid plate exchanger.


Structured packings for distillation, absorption and reactive distillation

This brochure was reviewed and supplemented recently. It therefore provides a complete, up‑to‑date overview of packings available from Sulzer Chemtech. Also included is a summary covering the essential column internals and our technical services. More detailed product information, ...


Co-catalysts: maximizing profitability through product flexibility

As Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) product values change, the drive to maximize either gasoline or diesel from the FCC unit has resulted in dynamic market fluctuations. How does a refiner respond to these market variations to maximize the value of the products from the FCC unit? Co-Catalysts, ...


GT-BenZap®: cost-effective benzene management

GT-BenZap®: Cost-Effective Benzene Management: GTC Technology’s process know-how can meet refiners’ needs by providing a variety of cost-effective solutions, ranging from aromatics extraction to catalytic hydrogenation for benzene management in gasoline-bound streams. GT-BenZap ...


StarLNG™ leading standardised small-to mid-scale LNG plants

Meeting future energy challenges. Growing importance of natural gas. In the bid to find cleaner, more environmentally sound sources of energy, the spotlight is increasingly shining on natural gas. Burning methane, the principle component of natural gas, produces around 30% less carbon ...


Understanding design and performance of high performance structured packing

High performance structured packings have been on the market for around 10 years. They continue to gain market share because of their high capacity and excellent efficiency. This is especially true in vacuum tower applications where pressure drop is critical. High performance packings ...


TransPlus℠ NG technology and services

The TransPlus℠ NG process is the low-cost, high-conversion solution to effectively upgrade C9+ heavy aromatics and toluene/benzene into higher-value products (mixed xylenes and high purity benzene). The TransPlus NG process which is based on a proprietary high-activity catalyst system ...


Cyanide corrosion causes costly upsets

Refinery cyanides cause considerable corrosion, hydrogen blistering and waste water treatment problems. The majority of refinery cyanides are formed in the reactor of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units. All of the gas from the reactor, including the cyanide, is carried overhead into ...


Natural gas processing plants

Natural gas is valuable both as a clean source of energy and as a chemical feedstock. Before reaching the customer, it has to pass several processing steps. These steps are partly necessary to be able to transport the gas over long distances and partly necessary for the recovery of valuable ...


Increase capacity in your column with a tray design revamp

When trying to increase column capacity beyond design rates, an operator may notice loss in separation efficiency or high pressure drop, indicative of either vapor phase or liquid phase hydraulic limitations. An optimized tray design can eliminate hydraulic constraints to provide better ...


Linde HiQ hydrogen air FID gas generator

In-situ generation of synthetic air and hydrogen for laboratories and process control instrumentation. The convenient and flexible way to create the perfect GC-FID fuel gas mixture on demand.


Sulfuric acid alkylation technology and services

Upgrading light olefins and isobutane to alkylate offers refiners an opportunity to increase their crude barrel value. Alkylate is a superior gasoline blendstock due to its high octane and low vapor pressure. ExxonMobil’s proven Sulfuric Acid Alkylation technology reacts propylene, ...


Manufacturing

The Engineering Division, with its technological focus on promising market segments such as processing plants for hydrogen, oxygen, olefin and natural gas, is successful throughout the world. We have extensive process engineering know-how combined with broad experience in the planning, ...


Delivering high performance products for refineries

The world oil refining industry is a continually changing business. This presents an ever-evolving challenge to the refiner and requires the ability to be flexible, adaptable and aware of the future directions and changes the industry will take. At Johnson Matthey Catalysts, we work closely ...


Processing heavy Canadian crude

Reducing crude oil cost is the major incentive driving crude and vacuum unit projects to handle heavy Canadian crudes. But such crudes–Albian Heavy, Christina Lake, MacKay River and others derived from oil sands–today present refiners with a unique set of problems not just ...


Gas processing

ProMax® is a powerful and versatile process simulation package that is used worldwide to design and optimize gas processing, refining and chemical facilities. Totally integrated with Microsoft Visio®, Excel® and Word®, ProMax is the best simulation tool for designing gas ...


Suspension crystallization technology

Suspension crystallization technology completes Sulzer‘s existing portfolio of melt crystallization technology consisting of falling film and static crystallization. Based upon careful evaluation of the technologies, our clients can be sure to receive the ideal process for their ...


S, Ni, V, and Fe analysis of crude oil using HDXRF®

Test methods for measuring sulfur content, like ASTM D4294 and ISO 8754, have become critical for assessing the value of crude oil. The blending of crude oils from different sources has become more commonplace within the industry to meet specifications for the classification of sweet crude ...


Gas/liquid treating and sulphur processes

Helping oil and gas operators meet emission limits. Operators in the oil and gas industries face tough challenges in removing contaminants from their products, reducing emissions and meeting specifications. Shell Global Solutions’ gas/liquid treating and sulphur processes are available ...


Safe flash point testing of refined products, oils and chemicals

Flashpoint testing is required in a number of industries to ensure conformance with regulatory requirements. It is used to assess, how much care has to be taken in handling, transporting and storing chemicals or solvents, e.g. Diesel, Jet Fuels, Biofuels, Asphalt, Waste Water, Lube Oils, ...


BELCO® marine systems

DuPont™ BELCO® Marine Scrubber Systems for ship exhaust gas cleaning reduce SOx emissions from ship engines, boilers and heaters. Our systems enable vessels to meet sulphur emission limits as required by IMO MARPOL Annex VI regulations without switching to low-sulphur fuel. BELCO® ...


New resid FCC catalyst technology for maximum distillates yield

Recent years have brought a major shift in the world’s fuel demand for gasoline and distillate range (diesel) products. While gasoline consumption has shown only minor increases, the demand for distillates has been very strong; mainly driven by the transportation sector. The outlook ...


PROGNOST®-SILver - SIL 3 machine protection for rotating equipment

Meets your needs for all machinery. PROGNOST®-SILver is a flexible and fast platform for integrated asset protection. It offers everything operators and instrumentation professionals call for Condition monitoring, Machine protection, Diagnostic based SIL 3 certified emergency shutdown ...


Multi-stage reaction catalysts (MSRC)

BASF has introduced its latest FCC catalyst manufacturing innovation, the MSRC platform. This breakthrough manufacturing development takes advantage of staged reactions with different catalytic attributes much the same way that staged hydrotreating catalyst loading permits different reaction ...


Refining catalysts – market-leading, high performance hydroprocessing solutions

Increasingly stringent fuel and environmental regulations, heavier crudes and feedstocks, and soaring energy demand have created complex, and sometimes conflicting, challenges for refiners operating hydroprocessing units. In response, many refiners are building new licensed units or revamping ...


Innovative, cost-effective crude treatment programs

We Treat Refineries, Not Symptoms. We approach every treatment challenge from three perspectives: operational, chemical and mechanical. Our technicians and scientists are supported by modern laboratories and the latest analytical tools, including portable electric desalters for emulsion-breaker ...


HiQ specialty gases, equipment and services for environmental monitoring

You need absolute confidence in your measurement results. That is why Linde introduced HiQ®. HiQ® represents the best there is in the world of high purity gases, process and calibration gas mixtures, precision engineered gas supply solutions, and the high quality services needed ...


AdvaSulf™ your sulphur technology

AdvaSulf™ is a global technological toolbox covering all SRU steps and options, and including (but not limited to) proprietary know-how and processes with an impressive track record of industrial experiences.


Reducing flare emissions

UOP Callidus Technologies by Honeywell, a leading provider of flare systems, is pleased to offer our Flare Gas Recovery (FGR) technology in conjunction with its broad range of flare system capabilities. With a heritage of technical expertise, UOP Callidus prides itself in providing economical ...


UOP, A Honeywell Company, changing the world one solution at a time

Honeywell UOP processes have changed the world. Since the groundbreaking introduction of the Dubbs Process in 1914, Honeywell UOP’s engineers and chemists have excelled in turning laboratory science into industrial reality, establishing the foundation for today’s modern refining ...


Precious metal refining with response and responsibility

Learn more about the art and science of sampling at Sabin Metal, one of many Elements Of Success we’ve provided to catalyst users around the world for over six decades.


GXM3™ low capacity sulphur granulation unit

The GXM3TM is the first single-pass, modular sulphur forming unit. It uses our patented GXTM process, and was developed for use on sites with smaller plant footprints and/or smaller production rates. The GXM3TM arrives 90 percent assembled and pre-commissioned, thus saving on construction ...


Methanol to gasoline technology

ExxonMobil’s methanol to gasoline (MTG) process selectively converts methanol to a single fungible liquid fuel and a small LPG stream. The liquid product is conventional gasoline with virtually no sulphur and low benzene, which can be sold as is or blended with ethanol, methanol ...