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Literature

Residue upgrading using fixed-bed hydroconversion

Dealing more effectively with the bottom of the barrel is high on the refining industry’s agenda for a several reasons. Crude oil feedstocks are becoming heavier, which is making lighter crudes more expensive. Environmental pressures are undermining the market for heavy fuel oil. ...


Dual-service hydrocracking

High-quality middle distillate products from partial conversion of heavy oil fractions and difficult feedstocks.Hydrocracking is an established and reliable method for transforming low-value heavy oil fractions into products with a higher value. Shell Global Solutions’ dual-service ...


4 simple ways to convert turnarounds into profitable tower upgrade opportunities

With planned outages commonly occurring at intervals of 2-5 years, a refinery turnaround is a prime opportunity to replace column and separator internals with the newest available technology. Planning for an outage with a “replacement-in-kind” strategy will address lost performance ...


CORAL™ FCC catalysts

Improving residue FCC unit performance through enhanced catalyst accessibility. Mass transfer limitations. Many FCC units experience losses in conversion and bottoms selectivity as a result of mass-transfer limitations. These are due to the problems that high-molecular-weight, sterically ...


Slash your hydrogen production costs

By utilizing low value, excess fuel gas, you can reduce your consumption of costly traditional hydrogen plant feedstocks, such as natural gas, LPG, butane or naphtha. Upgrading fuel gas produced onsite is a proven way to significantly cut the cost of your hydrogen production. Refinery ...


PROGNOST®-SILver

PROGNOST® has protected the investments of rotating equipment operators for twenty years. The vital role of a machinery protection system to mitigate the risk of serious damages is covered by PROGNOST®-SILver. This technology has proven its effectiveness and reliability on a daily ...


Capital parts - highest quality for lowest life cycle costs

Burckhardt Compression is one of the market leaders in the field of reciprocating compressors. As the only manufacturer that offers a complete range of reciprocating compressor technologies, we are ideally suited to support you in every situation. With more than 170 years of experience, ...


DuraSOx™

Highly attrition-resistant SOx reduction additive without performance compromise. DuraSOx SOx reduction additive is the culmination of intensive development work focusing on obtaining the most attrition-resistant Sox additive on the market without any performance compromises. It follows ...


OptiFuel™ technology and Albemarle coker additives

Reduced coke yield and increased operating flexibility. For many years, delayed coking units have played an important role in oil refineries as one of the most cost effective processes to convert vacuum residue into more valuable products. The delayed coking yields are the result of thermal ...


FCC technical support, industry-leading service

Grace technical service engineers regularly visit refineries to review unit operating data, evaluate catalyst management and unit performance, as well as provide specific recommendations to optimise unit operation. Grace can provide expert advice on operational problems concerned with ...


IsoTherming® Hydroprocessing technology

Growing global demand for transportation fuel continues to drive refiners toward operations that maximize hydroprocessing capacity and capability either through unit debottlenecks or new unit construction. More stringent environmental regulations and the processing of cost-advantaged sour ...


Electrostatic Coalescers: desalting and dehydration of crudes

Electrostatic coalescers allow to remove small water droplets which would remain emulsified and not separated in conventional separators, thanks to droplet size increase through coalescence in an electric field. Crude desalting can be achieved by injecting and emulsifying dilution water ...


UOP adsorbent solutions in refining

A wide variety of contaminants can be effectively and economically removed from numerous hydrocarbon streams in petroleum refineries via non-regenerative and regenerative adsorbents. It is necessary to remove contaminants, including: H2S, COS, CS2, HCl, HF, Hg (elemental mercury), AsH3 ...


Recovery and refining precious metals

Recovery and refining of precious metals from hydrocarbon, petroleum, chemical, and petrochemical processes. Sabin recovers PGMs and other precious metals from spent catalysts with soluble and insoluble alumina, silica-alumina, and zeolite. • PGMs (platinum, palladium, ruthenium, ...


Turnaround services and replacement equipment for mass transfer components

Sulzer Chemtech has over 50 years of experience in providing outstanding mass transfer technology, process engineering and equipment. Our global coverage allows us to bring our services to you, day or night, in almost every country of the world. Our employees are ready with the conviction, ...


Cyanide corrosion causes costly upsets

Refinery cyanides cause considerable corrosion, hydrogen blistering and waste water treatment problems. The majority of refinery cyanides are formed in the reactor of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units. All of the gas from the reactor, including the cyanide, is carried overhead into ...


Tray designs for extreme fouling applications

Today refiners experience a lot of problems with processing of opportunity or heavy crudes. Such crudes have very high sulfur content and require the addition of amine scavengers before desalting. These amines decompose in the heater and create ammonium chlorides in the presence of water ...


Plant control - advanced burner control (plus)

Applications: The design intent is to have accurate SRU tail gas quality control in order to optimize sulfur recovery. ABC provides that. It is clearly superior over conventional SRU control and has always been Jacobs Comprimo®’s control system of choice for the EUROCLAUS®/SUPERCLAUS® ...


ParaFuel™ NIR process analyzer

Comprehensive fuel and crude oil analysis through NIR spectroscopy. The ParaFuel™ NIR Process analyzer from LT Industries provides comprehensive inline analysis of Diesel, Gasoline, Jet Fuel, Kerosene, Crude Oil, Blending components and Blended Fuels for a wide range of critical ...


At Sabin Metal we’ve turned science into art

The art of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials. The science of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials begins with the most technically advanced analytical, research, and sampling equipment, systems, and procedures. The art of ...


Experience the Sabin difference for PGM catalyst recovery and refining.

The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: that’s the knowledge, experience, and expertise gained from ...


Linnex™ air seperation plant

LINEXTM air separation plants represent a new product line that transfers the benefits of the successful modular concept from the packaged air separation plant range to tonnage plant sizes. The benefit is significant economical advantages compared with fully tailor-made plants. LINEXTM ...


Innovative, cost-effective crude treatment programs

We Treat Refineries, Not Symptoms. We approach every treatment challenge from three perspectives: operational, chemical and mechanical. Our technicians and scientists are supported by modern laboratories and the latest analytical tools, including portable electric desalters for emulsion-breaker ...


Quantifying FCC catalyst accessibility

Accessibility is related to the mass-transfer characteristics of an FCC catalyst. Albemarle has developed a quantitative laboratory test that measures the accessibility of FCC catalyst particles: the first such measurement in the history of FCC. This test has dramatically altered the way ...


Hoekstra war stories

In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved ...


Amine and solvent management around the world

Our vast global experience providing online amine hygiene and solvent management to the ammonia, gas, oil, and steel industry places MPR in a unique position to serve its customers. Our dedicated research and development group continues to make improvements in our technologies meeting ...


Linde HiQ enhanced shelf life with HiQ 60 specialty gases

Specialty gases supplied with a HiQ 60 label will have flat line stability for 60 months from manufactured date. Linde will replace any HiQ 60 product free of charge if found to be outside the stated certified tolerance variance at time of use, and is within the stated shelf life peri ...


Why do many crude/vacuum units perform poorly?

In many cases it’s because the original design was based more on virtual than actual reality. There is no question: computer simulations have a key role to play but it’s equally true that process design needs to be based on what works in the field and not on the ideals of the ...


Multi-stage reaction catalysts (MSRC)

BASF has introduced its latest FCC catalyst manufacturing innovation, the MSRC platform. This breakthrough manufacturing development takes advantage of staged reactions with different catalytic attributes much the same way that staged hydrotreating catalyst loading permits different reaction ...


DuPont™ marine scrubber - exhaust gas cleaning systems for marine engineers & boilers

Engineering clean air for over 40 years. Belco Technologies Corporation (Belco), a DuPont Sustainable Solutions company, specializes in reliable air pollution control systems to meet clean air regulations with minimal maintenance and operational requirements. For over 40 years, BELCO engineering ...


CATnapTM catalyst passivation process - an alternative to inert entry

Cat Tech is pleased to present the CATnap® Catalyst Passivation Process - an exclusive, patented technique for unloading catalysts from petroleum processing units. CATnap technology passivates pyrophoric or self-heating catalysts by the application of a proprietary CATnap catalyst ...


Axens’ technologies, products and services

Axens is an international provider of process licensing technologies, catalysts, adsorbents and services, with a global reputation for basic engineering design excellence. The main scope of Axens' business is focused on the conversion of oil, coal, natural gas and biomass to clean fuels ...


Transforming ULSD economics

The ability to produce diesel containing less than 10-ppm sulphur is no longer a differentiator in most  markets. Progressive refiners are pushing to make  ultra-low-sulphur diesel (ULSD) with improved fuel  properties from tougher feedstocks and often within  tight ...


Nasty stuff

Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, ...


MECS® HexPro™ Ferrules

For waste heat boilers and heat exchangers in sulphuric acid plants. Precast, precision ceramic ferrules for severe temperature and heat-cycling conditions. Fast, Simple installation. MECS® HexPro™ Ferrules are pre-engineered for each installation and come properly sized, accurately ...


MECS® Sulfox™ process

The SULFOX™ process is based on the thermal and catalytic conversion of sulphur-bearing compounds into sulphuric acid. Depending on the feed gas conditions, customised plant types are offered. For low concentrations, the feed gas is preheated to the required catalyst inlet temperature ...


Linde HiQ hydrogen air FID gas generator

In-situ generation of synthetic air and hydrogen for laboratories and process control instrumentation. The convenient and flexible way to create the perfect GC-FID fuel gas mixture on demand.


PROGNOST®-SenSim

Enhance safety proof testintervals (PTI). Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) perform specified functions to achieve a safe state of process when dangerous conditions occur. It is their aim to mitigate consequential events. Safety loops of Safety Instrumented Systems consist of: - Sensors - ...


Chemical process industry

The chemical process industry has always been the driving force for Sulzer Chemtech’s innovations. In the early 1960’s, the stringent requirements for the purification of heat-sensitive fragrances led to the development of the Sulzer Packing BX, which set a new standard for ...


Delivering world class hydrogen plant performance

The world that we live in today is constantly changing; 50 years from now it will be unrecognisable. We live during a period of significant population growth, with increasing urbanisation and increasing wealth. The population is not only increasing, it is also getting older, and it demands ...