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  • A time for grass roots thinking ?

    Within the past year or two spiking crude prices and surging refinery margins have led to overheated talk about increasing refinery capacity worldwide. Plans for construction of as many 60 grass roots refineries have been discussed. But stretched out lead times for major equipment and inflated prices, as well as declining margins and a final realization that there is not enough crude to meet demand, have brought sober thinking to the table. Recent societal changes in India and ...

  • All about excellence in the energy and chemical industry

    KBC exists to help you achieve and sustain excellent operational performance, through the actions of our people, fused with the application of our digitalization technology and best practices, powered by the Cloud.Better decisions - faster, Flawless execution - every time and  Superior results - sustained. Deliver value: Performance assurance Organizations that perform at their best are able to adjust to changing dynamics without compromising competitiveness. KBC ...

  • Comparing physical solvents for acid gas removal

    Physical solvents such as DEPG, NMP, Methanol, and Propylene Carbonate are often used to treat sour gas. These physical solvents differ from chemical solvents such as ethanolamines and hot potassium carbonate in a number of ways. The regeneration of chemical solvents is achieved by the application of heat whereas physical solvents can often be stripped of impurities by simply reducing the pressure. Physical solvents tend to be favored over chemical solvents when the concentration ...

  • Digitalization manifesto - Now its time

    At KBC we believe in a world where plants operate with: No safety incidents, No unplanned outages, Rigorous adherence to operating plans, Agile response to market changes and plant disturbances, A motivated and informed workforce, A culture of profitability. We call this ‘Excellence’. KBC exists to help its customers in the Energy and Chemical industry realize value through achieving excellence. Digitalization is one of the key strategies a plant can adopt in pursuit ...

  • Gas processing

    ProMax® is a powerful and versatile process simulation package that is used worldwide to design and optimize gas processing, refining and chemical facilities. Totally integrated with Microsoft Visio®, Excel® and Word®, ProMax is the best simulation tool for designing gas plants and predicting performance under varying process conditions. Discover why engineers around the world depend on ProMax! • Model any NGL, LNG, LPG recovery and fractionation process • ...

  • Get the best from your compressor upgrade and revamp

    How’s your compressor running? How should it run? How could it run? The reliability, efficiency, and environmental soundness of compressors dictate the cost-effectiveness and dependability of entire plants. As a specialist in equipping reciprocating compressors with the latest performance-determining components, HOERBIGER has a unique role in upgrading existing compressors. During regular operations, every compressor must be continually improved in order to meet today’s ...

  • Important tray design features that improve column operating reliability

    How often does Maintenance personnel open a column during a shutdown and find tray panels fallen without any obvious damage? How about tray valves stuck in the bottoms pump suction? While the initial reaction may be to blame faulty installation where the hardware was not properly tightened, the answer often lies in the design of the tray. Reliable column designs need to produce on-spec products at the design capacity, while operating with energy usage at a minimum. For this to ...

  • Making desalter vessels transparent to optimise crude processing

    Making Desalter Vessels Transparent to Optimise Crude Processing... whatever the blend. To improve margins, refiners continuously look to optimise feedstock blends. Variability can bring significant operational challenges during the refining process that must be overcome. One critical need is the efficient removal of solids, salts and water from crude feedstock. This has become increasingly difficult when processing certain opportunity crudes that can have all of these detrimental ...

  • Making the invisible visible

    In FCC Units (Fluidised Catalyst Cracking Units) the atmospheric residue from the distillation is cracked to LPG, naptha and other components. This sometimes leads to “invisible” deposits inside the Riser. This article features Tracerco’s ThruVision™ scans to illustrate how the technology helped the refinery to identify these deposits at an early stage. Bayernoil operates two FCC Units to convert heavy hydrocarbons. In the FCC Unit the feed is injected ...

  • Measurement instruments and servicing

    Our Measurement Instruments business designs and manufactures a range of bespoke, low maintenance, high reliability instruments providing operators with real time measurements and in-situ visualisation. Our experienced team technically supports an extensive range of nucleonic measurement instruments for phase, density, bulk level and interface measurement and pipe slugging characterisation. All of our nucleonic instruments are custom designed to the needs of the specific application, ...

  • MECS® sulfuric acid and environmental technologies

    Is the leading provider of proprietary process technology, speciality products and technical services to the global sulfuric acid industry. MECS® has provided best-in-class sulfuric acid plant processes, clean technologies, and specialty products to a wide distribution of industries for over 80 years. Our proprietary solutions are engineered to perform and built to last. MECS® is the global leader in sulfuric acid plant design and technology licensing for the phosphate ...

  • Nasty stuff

    Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, Hubbert was right. A big question is how to handle best these nasty crudes? Do you revamp existing units or invest in new capacity? With refineries now running flat out, the balance ...

  • Opportunity knocks

    A group of interesting articles* deals with opportunity crudes, a mixed breed that includes very heavy, sour and high total acid number types as well as those with unexceptional naphthenic acid content but which do have significant concentrations of aliphatic acids or possess the ability to generate them during processing. They all sell at substantial discounts that give refiners who can process them the opportunity to reap higher profits. Hence their name. Note that phrase ...

  • Optimise your alkylation process and take control with the Profiler™ TGA

    The Challenge. Alkylation processes present some of the more challenging applications for interface measurement and control in refinery operations. It is important for the operator to have confidence in the process to optimise alkylate production, while ensuring safe operation and environmental compliance. In a settler, not knowing the levels of hydrocarbon, emulsion and alkylate with confidence can cause problems, including increased polymer formation and combined fluorides, ...

  • Optimizing CO2 capture, dehydration and compression facilities

    The removal of CO2 by liquid absorbents is widely implemented in the field of gas processing, chemical production, and coal gasification. Many power plants are looking at post-combustion CO2 recovery to meet environmental regulations and to produce CO2 for enhanced oil recovery applications. The figure below illustrates actual data of fuel consumption in 2005 and an estimate of energy demand for various fuels from 2010 to 2030. The world energy demand will likely increase at rates ...

  • PackView™ - quantitative analysis of packing mal-distribution

    The last issue of Tracerco Insight (Vol 6 Ed 1) featured our patent pending FrothView™ technology illustrating how using Tracerco’s new measurement detector technology and analysis of gamma scan data provides quantitative information about the useful capacity of trayed towers. In this article you will learn how applying this technology to packed towers can determine the % liquid fraction providing a measure of the maximum useful capacity of the packing. Enhanced ...

  • Processing heavy Canadian crude

    Reducing crude oil cost is the major incentive driving crude and vacuum unit projects to handle heavy Canadian crudes. But such crudes–Albian Heavy, Christina Lake, MacKay River and others derived from oil sands–today present refiners with a unique set of problems not just because of extra-low API gravity, but also because of asphaltenes, vanadium and nickel, high solids content and extremely high viscosity vacuum residues. To process such crudes reliably over a 4-5 ...

  • Profiler™ TGA

    The Profiler™ TGA provides extremely reliable liquid level and interface measurements for alkylation units and other harsh service environments. The Profiler™ TGA is specifically designed to measure the vertical distribution of multiple interfaces in real time and at high resolution. Key features • Extremely reliable • Low maintenance Benefits • Reduces possibility of acid runaway • Increases production throughput • Optimises acid ...

  • ProMax®

    ProMax is built on over 40 years of continual research and development efforts. Our team of development engineers has consistently found innovative ways to model processes so that the end results accurately refl ect the actual operating conditions of gas processing, refi ning and chemical facilities. We take pride in the fact that the focus of our development efforts has been strongly influenced by the needs of our clients. Members of our development team work directly with clients ...

  • Selecting the best solvent for gas treating

    Selecting the best amine/solvent for gas treating is not a trivial task. There are a number of amines available to remove contaminants such as CO2, H2 S and organic sulfur compounds from sour gas streams. The most commonly used amines are monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and methyldiethanolamine (MDEA). Other amines include diglycolamine® (DGA), diisopropanolamine (DIPA), and triethanolamine (TEA). Mixtures of amines can also be used to customize or optimize the ...

  • Solutions for a cleaner, safer tomorrow

    Through its science-based Clean Technologies portfolio, DuPont offers focused solutions based on real-world experience. The company has dedicated itself to improvements in the areas of clean air and clean fuel, and this has led the company to seek out like-minded industry partners and complementary technologies. From the reduction of sulfur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate emissions to technologies that support the production of clean fuels, DuPont resources ...

  • Stratco® alkylation technical services

    As the world leader in sulfuric acid alkylation, DuPont has extensive experience and know-how that can support your alkylation unit, either on an as needed or ongoing basis. Whether it’s troubleshooting, optimizing operations, supporting maintenance, turnaround consulting, training, improving technology, de-bottlenecking or revamping a unit, our team can add significant value to your refinery operations. DuPont has demonstrated results and is accustomed to assisting customers ...

  • Sulfur recovery

    With increasing environmental concerns, sulfur recovery has become one of the leading issues in emissions reduction. Bryan Research & Engineering’s process simulator, ProMax, contains a complete reactor suite for modeling kinetic (plug flow and stirred tank), equilibrium, conversion, and Gibbs minimization schemes. A variety of sulfur recovery and tail gas cleanup processes may be modeled using this suite of options. Some of the most commonly modeled processes include: • ...

  • Technical services agreement for sulphuric acid alkylation

    A strategic partnership to maximise alkylation unit performance. Maximizing the performance of your alkylation unit is a high priority, but challenging in today’s world with a changing workforce, increased workloads, and technology advances. DuPont can help you answer your challenges by partnering with you through a Technical Services Agreement (TSA). The TSA was developed to provide customers with a team of technical support professionals utilizing all expertise from ...

  • Tracerco Diagnostics™ FCCU Study

    The Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) is the economic heart of a modern refinery. Even small increases in its yield can bring about significant overall gains in productivity and revenue. Tracerco is a world leading industrial technology company providing unique and specialized detection, diagnostic and measurement solutions. A Tracerco Diagnostics™ FCCU Study will provide you with the information you need to optimize or troubleshoot your specific process: - All ...

  • Tracerco Profiler™ HMI

    A Windows based application offering dynamic displays, diagnostics, trending, control and historical logging. The Profiler™HMI, is a ready-made graphical user interface that provides clear insight into your separation process while enabling efficient operation and control of the Profiler™GPS and the Profiler™TGA. The displays available from the Profiler™HMI provide a ‘window’ into the vessel, allowing operators to visualize the process density ...

  • Why do many crude/vacuum units perform poorly?

    In many cases it’s because the original design was based more on virtual than actual reality. There is no question: computer simulations have a key role to play but it’s equally true that process design needs to be based on what works in the field and not on the ideals of the process simulator. Nor should the designer simply base the equipment selection on vendor-stated performance. The design engineer needs to have actual refinery process engineering experience, not ...

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