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  • About Axens

    Axens is a group providing a complete range of solutions for the conversion of oil and biomass to cleaner fuels, the production and purification of major petrochemical intermediates as well as all of natural gas' treatment and conversion options. The offer includes technologies, equipment, furnaces, modular units, catalysts, adsorbents and related services. Axens is ideally positioned to cover the entire value chain, from feasibility study to unit start-up and follow-up throughout ...

  • ACHIEVE® FCC Catalysts

    Grace is expanding its portfolio of catalysts to address the current market challenges, in particular to lower slurry yield to take advantage of distillate crack spreads as well as to address the trend towards increased residue and opportunity crude processing. Grace has developed new technologies through extensive Grace R&D program that addressed the octane debits encountered by North American refiners processing tight oil. This R&D program resulted in advances to ...

  • All about excellence in the energy and chemical industry

    KBC exists to help you achieve and sustain excellent operational performance, through the actions of our people, fused with the application of our digitalization technology and best practices, powered by the Cloud.Better decisions - faster, Flawless execution - every time and  Superior results - sustained. Deliver value: Performance assurance Organizations that perform at their best are able to adjust to changing dynamics without compromising competitiveness. KBC ...

  • Amine headaches a pain

    MPR Services understands that amine engineers face a never ending group of challenges in ensuring their systems perform as designed. Since 1989, MPR Services has been working with amine engineers in addressing these challenges through our scientifically, developed technologies. In 1990, MPR’s patented HSSX® Process was introduced to remove heat stable salts from amines. Since then, MPR has developed new technologies, improved existing technologies and acquired additional ...

  • An innovative new technology platform for FCC distillate maximization

    BASF has developed an innovative catalytic technology platform for maximizing distillate yields from a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit. This unique platform, designated Prox-SMZ for Proximal Stable Matrix and Zeolite, combines attributes from both high zeolite and high matrix activity catalysts. The product is a stable and selective catalyst specifically designed for FCC distillate maximization. Commercial trials demonstrated increased light cycle oil (LCO) yields by up to ...

  • Axens engineering services revamping

    For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. Our team of equipment specialists and our extensive network of detailed engineering contractors and equipment manufacturers complete this offer.   Our approach consists of successive ...

  • Axens hydrocracking

    Axens is an established name in hydrocracking licensing with more than 40 years’ experience in all types of hydrocracking processes. We have a large portfolio of hydroconversion processes, including fixed and ebullated-bed technologies. Our commercial units operate at low, medium and high conversion, and in once through, single-stage recycle and two-stage modes. Our commercial hydrocracker designs can cover a large variety of feedstocks varying from light HGO and LVGO ...

  • Axens overview

    Axens is a group providing a complete range of solutions for the conversion of oil and biomass to cleaner fuels, the production and purification of major petrochemical intermediates as well as all of natural gas' treatment and conversion options. The offer includes technologies, equipment, furnaces, modular units, catalysts, adsorbents and related services. Axens is ideally positioned to cover the entire value chain, from feasibility study to unit start-up and follow-up ...

  • Be smart about FCC olefin recovery

    Whether the driver is propylene as a chemicals feedstock or propylene and butylene as alky feed, FCC units worldwide are being pushed to maximize olefin production. Increased hydrotreating to meet Tier 3 gasoline requirements is reducing gasoline pool octane at a time of high premium-to-regular gasoline price differentials. Maximizing FCC olefi ns to produce high octane alkylate barrels is attractive – if they can be recovered in the FCC gas plant LPG stream. Higher reactor ...

  • BELCO® clean air technologies

    Belco Technologies Corporation (BELCO®), part of DuPont’s Clean Technologies portfolio, is an industry leader in the supply of air pollution control systems to the oil refining, sulfur recovery, sulfuric acid, utility, chemical, pulp & paper, marine and other industries. Since 1969, BELCO® has designed and supplied air pollution control systems for clients all over the world. Headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey (USA), BELCO® has been recognized by refiners ...

  • Bicine can be controlled

    Bicine is a very corrosive degradation product produced in certain DEA and MDEA systems. Amine system operators must take steps to minimize O2 and SO2 incursion into the amine system and will need to monitor Heat Stable Salts and Amino Acids (Bicine) concentrations in the amine.

  • Celebrating a century of innovation in the oil & gas industry

    UOP celebrates its 100th year in business in 2014, and in many ways our history is analogous to the development of the world’s oil and gas industry. We have accomplished many great things during the last century. For that, we owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to our customers, who helped us develop and commercialize our technologies. When our company was founded, there were fewer than 2 billion people in the world, and travel was dominated by horses and steam engines. ...

  • CLEANOx FCC additive

    CLEANOx® Environmental Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) additive for reduced NOx emissions BASF proudly introduces the premier FCC additive for Nox emission reduction, CLEANOx, designed to meet the evertightening air quality limits on FCC regenerator off-gas emissions. Premium Technology CLEANOx uses a novel combination of active materials for NOx adsorption and reduction to remove NOx and convert it to nitrogen. This process takes place in the FCC regenerator and reduces ...

  • Co-catalysts: maximizing profitability through product flexibility

    As Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) product values change, the drive to maximize either gasoline or diesel from the FCC unit has resulted in dynamic market fluctuations. How does a refiner respond to these market variations to maximize the value of the products from the FCC unit? Co-Catalysts, a new product category from BASF, provide refiners with the flexibility to change the product slate of the FCC unit without changing the base FCC catalyst. Changing between a maximum gasoline ...

  • Converter - FCC co-catalyst for activity enhancement

    Premium Technology: Based on our novel and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures™ (DMS) technology platform, Converter delivers activity enhancement with the added benefit of coke selective bottoms upgrading. Maximum Results by Design: The DMS matrix provides Converter with a tailored porosity to allow the diffusion of heavy hydrocarbons into the particle resulting in selective cracking. Pre-cracking is achieved with the selective external zeolite surface rather ...

  • Cyanide corrosion causes costly upsets

    Refinery cyanides cause considerable corrosion, hydrogen blistering and waste water treatment problems. The majority of refinery cyanides are formed in the reactor of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units. All of the gas from the reactor, including the cyanide, is carried overhead into the distillation column, where water is injected into the overhead stream to control corrosion problems. The resulting sour water is separated from the hydrocarbon products at various stages in ...

  • EDV wet scrubbing systems reduction of particulates SO2, SO3, and NOX

    EDV® Wet Scrubbing operates on the principles of saturation, absorption, condensation, and filtration. Specialized vessels and spray nozzles are used to control a variety of pollutants with system configured for each application’s requirements. Longer operating campaigns and little regulatory tolerance for emissions excursions mean today’s petroleum refining processes demand more than traditional emission control technologies can deliver. The DuPont™ BELCO® ...

  • Equipment design matters

    Many attractive projects fail to meet expectations at startup. Disappointing performance often results from bad simulation practices and/or poor equipment design rather than faulty execution. Refineries are currently considering FCC revamps to increase olefins for more alky unit feed, maximize LCO product recovery, and minimize slurry product by producing HCO for hydrocracker feed. These changes raise fractionator operating temperature. Higher temperatures require better process ...

  • FCC additive technologies

    BASF offers a complete range of FCC additives to meet refiners’ environmental and performance requirements. In response to increasing concerns about the environment and the global drive for ever-tightening emissions regulations, BASF has developed, and continuously refines, an innovative portfolio of cost-effective environmental FCC additives. In a world requiring improved motor fuels quality and improved economic performance, BASF's Catalyst division, as the leading ...

  • FCC catalysts

    BASF Catalysts is a global industry leader in Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) catalysts with an unparalleled commitment to the delivery of cuttingedge technology and service to the refining industry. As part of BASF - The Chemical Company, BASF catalysts is leveraging its leading development platforms, global research infrastructure and passionate pursuit of innovation to develop novel, proprietary technologies to help customers meet the challenges of the market. BASF offers ...

  • FCC stripper - distribution studies

    A Tracerco Diagnostics™ Distribution study can be performed to identify catalyst and vapor distribution in the stripper. Uniform distribution of catalyst and steam in the stripper is critical to achieve high stripping efficiency (less carry-down of the hydrocarbon products from reactor to regenerator). A failure to effectively remove the hydrocarbon from the catalyst will result in a loss of product, loss of throughput, and lowered catalyst activity due to increased regenerator ...

  • FCC technical support, industry-leading service

    Grace technical service engineers regularly visit refineries to review unit operating data, evaluate catalyst management and unit performance, as well as provide specific recommendations to optimise unit operation. Grace can provide expert advice on operational problems concerned with the mechanical integrity of the FCCU. For example, issues such as cyclone performance, stripper efficiencies, circulation problems, transfer line problems, slurry circuit fouling, or high unit erosion ...

  • Hoekstra war stories

    In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved unit. For example, one unit experienced a cycle life of just 1 year versus an estimated 3 year life on a very expensive catalyst. After two more short cycles of less than one year on other ...

  • Improve contaminant metals flushing with TITAN™

    The escalating price of rare earth in fluid cracking catalyst sparked increased demand from refiners for equilibrium catalyst (Ecat) as a means to control expenses. During this same period, the available supply of high quality, low metals Ecat had decreased. In response to the shrinking supply of Ecat, Grace introduces TITAN™, a unique catalyst solution for removing contaminant metals from refining operations. Unlike traditional equilibrium catalysts, TITAN™ is ...

  • INTERCAT FCC additives and catalyst handling technologies

    Most refiners now find it essential to use catalytic additives to supplement the host FCC catalyst in order to achieve the desired unit performance, product quality, and environmental emissions targets that must be met. Johnson Matthey is the foremost supplier of FCC additives and addition systems, specializing in the development, manufacture, sale, and technical support of both additives and addition systems for the refining industry. Our INTERCATTM range of FCC additives and ...

  • IsoTherming® Hydroprocessing technology

    Growing global demand for transportation fuel continues to drive refiners toward operations that maximize hydroprocessing capacity and capability either through unit debottlenecks or new unit construction. More stringent environmental regulations and the processing of cost-advantaged sour and heavy feed stocks make meeting this demand even more challenging. IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology is a commercially proven process that provides refiners a more economical ...

  • IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology

    DuPont Sustainable Solutions offers IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology, a commercially proven breakthrough process which provides refiners a significantly more economical means to produce today’s ultra low sulfur transportation fuels. DuPont acquired the technology in August 2007. In conventional hydroprocessing technology, the reactions occur in the liquid phase. A large volume of hydrogen rich recycle gas is combined with the reactor feed to ensure that the ...

  • IsoTherming® technology for mild hydrocracking

    Maximise distillate production and improve fuel quality, Growing global demand for transportation fuel continues to drive refiners toward operations that maximize hydroprocessing capacity and capability either through unit debottlenecks or new unit construction. More stringent environmental regulations and the processing of cost-advantaged feed stocks that are increasingly sour and heavy make meeting this demand even more challenging. Isotherming® Mild Hydrocracking Technology ...

  • Low and zero rare-earth FCC catalysts

    Rare-earth metals are an important component of FCC catalysts, as well as being a key raw material for many strategic industries with applications ranging from military devices to electronic components. In addition, they are essential constituents in newly evolving green technologies, such as hybrid cars and wind turbines. Rather ironically, rare-earth metals are not so rare, however they tend to be concentrated in hard to extract ore deposits. As a result, the world’s ...

  • Low sulfur additive

    Low Sulfur Additive (LSA) targets gasoline volume expansion while reducing sulfur compounds in gasoline without octane loss. The reduction of sulfur in FCC gasoline is a requirement in low sulfur gasoline markets because 90 percent of gasoline sulfur is derived from FCC gasoline. The combination of feed hydrotreating, FCC catalysts and additives, post-treating or cut-point adjustment is utilized by refiners to meet low sulfur specifications. LSA can be a cost effective contributor ...

  • Maximizing light cycle oil recovery in the FCC main fractionator

    Refiners operating FCCU's have adjusted their operating strategies to maximize light cycle oil production to meet the increased demand for automotive diesel. Catalyst formulations and reactor conditions can alter yields, but the refinery cannot take full advantage of the increased LCO recovery without an optimized Main Fractionator operation and design. Sulzer offers several methods of optimizing the separation between light cycle oil and less valuable HCO or slurry with little ...

  • Maximum olefins additive

    Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) additive for maximum LPG olefins and gasoline octane enhancement BASF Catalysts proudly introduces the next generation of ZSM-5 based additives which flexibly and cost-effectively maximize LPG olefins and gasoline octane from the FCCU. ZSM-5 based additives convert linear or near-linear gasoline range olefins into LPG olefins in combination with increasing gasoline octane. MOA maximizes both of these objectives at low dry gas make and the lowest ...

  • Measurement instruments and servicing

    Our Measurement Instruments business designs and manufactures a range of bespoke, low maintenance, high reliability instruments providing operators with real time measurements and in-situ visualisation. Our experienced team technically supports an extensive range of nucleonic measurement instruments for phase, density, bulk level and interface measurement and pipe slugging characterisation. All of our nucleonic instruments are custom designed to the needs of the specific application, ...

  • Multi-stage reaction catalysts (MSRC)

    BASF has introduced its latest FCC catalyst manufacturing innovation, the MSRC platform. This breakthrough manufacturing development takes advantage of staged reactions with different catalytic attributes much the same way that staged hydrotreating catalyst loading permits different reaction zones in a fixed bed reactor vessel. The concept of staged reactions is not new to the refining industry, but its application to a circulating system like FCC is a true step forward in catalyst ...

  • NaphthaClean

    Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) technology for reducing gasoline sulfur. BASF proudly introduces NaphthaClean, an FCC catalyst technology designed for the reduction of FCC gasoline sulfur content. Based on the combination of our award-winning and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology platform and BASF gasoline sulfur reduction technology, NaphthaClean provides a refiner with both maximum gasoline production and maximum gasoline sulfur reduction. This ...

  • NaphthaMax III: flexibility and value in challenging economic times

    Refiners the world over are focused on optimizing their operations and employing Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) solutions that help maximize margins. Lower refinery utilization numbers due to current global pressures are challenging refiners’ earnings. Given these conditions and the pressures put on the FCC unit, flexibility in operation will be key for refiners looking to capture market opportunities and regain healthy margins. NaphthaMax® III, the latest evolution ...

  • NEKTOR™ 4G

    NEKTOR™4G is the latest generation of Grace’s marketleading low coke NEKTOR™ for residue FCC feed applications. NEKTOR™ 4G is manufactured using the Grace EnhanceR™ Technology Platform, and is an extension of the NEKTOR™ catalyst family, which is the market leader in the EMEA region. NEKTOR™ 4G incorporates new technologies that were developed during the extensive Grace R&D program that was initiated as a result of the tight oil ...

  • New resid FCC catalyst technology for maximum distillates yield

    Recent years have brought a major shift in the world’s fuel demand for gasoline and distillate range (diesel) products. While gasoline consumption has shown only minor increases, the demand for distillates has been very strong; mainly driven by the transportation sector. The outlook for the years 2010 to 2020 shows an incremental growth in diesel demand above the 2009 level at about three times higher than that of gasoline [1]. As a result, more and more FCC units are ...

  • Oil sands crude – profits and problems?

    Canadian bitumen production currently runs about 1 MMbpd, with some being sold as Synbit and Dilbit. Over the next 10-12 years output is expected to increase to 3.5 MMbpd and more refiners will begin investing to process it and come to depend on the Synbit and Dilbit for a significant part of their supply. Few today, however, have ever processed these feeds at high blend ratios, and are unaware that conventional process and equipment designs are not up to the job. Canadian oil ...

  • On budget, on time, offine

    Flawless project execution will not prevent a unit shutdown due to selecting the wrong metallurgy for a challenging crude slate. No matter how well it is fabricated and installed, a shell and tube exchanger with cold, high viscosity vacuum resid on the tube side will have poor heat transfer performance. On-time shipping and installation of a too-small desalter will not prevent crude column overhead corrosion if the centerline velocity is overly optimistic for the design crude. A ...

  • Intelligently predict and manage sour water corrosion in refinery applications

    One of the primary concerns in refinery operations, especially when processing sour crudes, is management and mitigation of NH4HS (Sour Water) corrosion in hydrocrackers, hydrotreaters, FCC and other unit circuits. Honeywell's Predict-SW software, a byproduct of more than 15 years of intense Joint Industry Project (JIP) research, provides an easy to use framework to quantify NH4HS corrosion as a function of key process parameters across the refinery value chain for commonly used ...

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