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Literature

Moving gamma scanning forward – quantitative analysis of tray capacity

Improving process operating margins can include maximising production of higher value products and/or minimising production costs. Process plants depend heavily on fractionation towers to produce products meeting customer specifications. Tower gamma scanning is well established in the ...


Myth of the 1000°F vacuum unit cutpoint

Canadian Synbit and Dilbit crudes will come to make-up a substantial fraction of feedstocks to North American refineries. Today, however, for the most part refiners both north and south of the 40° parallel seem to be unaware of the extreme challenges this change will present. To run ...


Nasty stuff

Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, ...


Natural gas processing plants

Natural gas is valuable both as a clean source of energy and as a chemical feedstock. Before reaching the customer, it has to pass several processing steps. These steps are partly necessary to be able to transport the gas over long distances and partly necessary for the recovery of valuable ...


On budget, on time, offine

Flawless project execution will not prevent a unit shutdown due to selecting the wrong metallurgy for a challenging crude slate. No matter how well it is fabricated and installed, a shell and tube exchanger with cold, high viscosity vacuum resid on the tube side will have poor heat transfer ...


Opportunity knocks

A group of interesting articles* deals with opportunity crudes, a mixed breed that includes very heavy, sour and high total acid number types as well as those with unexceptional naphthenic acid content but which do have significant concentrations of aliphatic acids or possess the ability ...


Opportunity or Annoyance?

Price differentials between conventional and opportunity crudes compel refiners to process increasing percentages of lower valued opportunity crude. However, as many refiners have learned the hard way, opportunity crudes are tied to unique processing challenges. Furthermore, existing crude ...


Packaged air separation plants

Packaged air separation plants are standard and modularly designed plants with a daily capacity of 850 tpd (approx. 25,000 Nm3/h) of oxygen (GOX and LOX), 2,000 tpd (approx. 66,000 Nm3/h) of nitrogen (GAN and LIN) and argon (GAr and LAr). The plant modules are pre-fabricated in the workshop ...


PackView™ - quantitative analysis of packing mal-distribution

The last issue of Tracerco Insight (Vol 6 Ed 1) featured our patent pending FrothView™ technology illustrating how using Tracerco’s new measurement detector technology and analysis of gamma scan data provides quantitative information about the useful capacity of trayed towers. ...


Petrochemical processing

About 80% of all petrochemicals are derived from products of ethylene plants, which are the heart of petrochemical complexes. Today’s modern ethylene plants are a complex network of more than 300 individual units, for thermal cracking, cracked gas compression and physical scrubbing, ...


Polymer production technology

Sulzer Chemtech is the world‘s most renowned supplier of equipment and related solutions in the field of static mixing. The combination of engineering expertise and many years of application know-how enables Sulzer Chemtech to provide global solutions for improved polymer product ...


Pressure swing adsorption

Linde has continued with innovative improvements of the pressure swing adsorption process (PSA) and strengthened its position as world leader in this field of technology. Over 500 PSA plants - including the world‘s largest units - have been designed and supplied by Linde. The well ...


Process technology

Sulzer Chemtech, a member of the Sulzer Corporation, with headquarters in Winterthur, Switzerland, is active in the field of process engineering, employing 3'000 persons worldwide. Sulzer Chemtech is represented in all important industrial countries setting standards in the fields of mass ...


Processing heavy Canadian crude

Reducing crude oil cost is the major incentive driving crude and vacuum unit projects to handle heavy Canadian crudes. But such crudes–Albian Heavy, Christina Lake, MacKay River and others derived from oil sands–today present refiners with a unique set of problems not just ...


PROSERNAT company profile

Advanced process solutions for oil and gas treatment - PROSERNAT, subsidiary of Heurtey Petrochem and part of IFP Group Technologies, is an engineering company specialized in Process Technologies Licensing and Modular Treatment Units Supply for the Oil & Gas Industry. Because each ...


Proserpack™ combined exchanger - separator

Proserpack compact integrated heat exchanger – separator, simplifies NGL recovery by implementing 3 process steps (2 heat exchangers and the turbo-expander suction drum) in a single equipment item. The heat exchanger is a PACKINOX multi-fluid plate exchanger.


ProTreat® mass transfer rate based simulation

ProTreat - the only true mass and heat transfer rate-based simulator specifically for gas treating. ProTreat is the industry’s most advanced simulation tool for gas treating.  Because it is rigorously  mass-transfer  rate-based,  it  offers  the  ...


Slash your hydrogen production costs

By utilizing low value, excess fuel gas, you can reduce your consumption of costly traditional hydrogen plant feedstocks, such as natural gas, LPG, butane or naphtha. Upgrading fuel gas produced onsite is a proven way to significantly cut the cost of your hydrogen production. Refinery ...


Solutions for a cleaner, safer tomorrow

Through its science-based Clean Technologies portfolio, DuPont offers focused solutions based on real-world experience. The company has dedicated itself to improvements in the areas of clean air and clean fuel, and this has led the company to seek out like-minded industry partners and ...


SPREX® & SPREX®CO2: bulk acid gas removal from highly sour gas

Process Principle: Bulk H2S or CO2 removal from highly sour gas by high pressure cryogenic distillation - Conventional distillation column with no hydrates or solid products formation - Separated acid gases are recovered liquid at high pressure and easily pumped back into reservoir - Final ...


Stratco® alkylation technical services

As the world leader in sulfuric acid alkylation, DuPont has extensive experience and know-how that can support your alkylation unit, either on an as needed or ongoing basis. Whether it’s troubleshooting, optimizing operations, supporting maintenance, turnaround consulting, training, ...


STRATCO® alkylation technology

In January 2003, DuPont acquired the alkylation division of STRATCO, Inc., a leading alkylation technology licensing company servicing oil refineries throughout the world. Assets acquired include the STRATCO® brand name and technology, intellectual property, a global customer base, ...


Stratco® XP2 technology for the stratco® contactor reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor™. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


Suspension crystallization technology

Suspension crystallization technology completes Sulzer‘s existing portfolio of melt crystallization technology consisting of falling film and static crystallization. Based upon careful evaluation of the technologies, our clients can be sure to receive the ideal process for their ...


SweetSulf™ The high pressure redox desulfurization process

Reaction: Sour gas is contacted with an aqueous redox solution which extracts the H2S and converts it into solid elemental sulphur. Gas separation: Treated gas, free of H2S, is separated from the redox solution. Solid separation: Solid sulphur is filtered under pressure on a cartridge ...


Synthesis, ammonia and methanol plants

Linde as a leading supplier of syngas technology designs, supplies and constructs entire synthesis gas plants for the production of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and mixtures of these gases as well as ammonia and methanol plants.Processes: Providing the whole range of processes Linde can select ...


Technical services agreement for sulphuric acid alkylation

A strategic partnership to maximise alkylation unit performance. Maximizing the performance of your alkylation unit is a high priority, but challenging in today’s world with a changing workforce, increased workloads, and technology advances. DuPont can help you answer your challenges ...


Tonnage air separation plants - general products

For production of oxygen, nitrogen, argon and ̶ in some special cases ̶ other  rare gases (krypton, xenon, helium, neon) through cryogenic rectification of air. The products can be produced in gaseous form for pipeline supply or as cryogenic liquid for storage and distribution by ...


Tracerco Diagnostics™

Providing real time measurement technologies to assist with critical decision making. Tracerco Scanning Services TRU-SCAN® Application. Do you have problems with the operation of your stripper/absorber or fractionation tower? Is this limiting production? Do you want to reduce your ...


Tracerco Diagnostics™ FCCU Study

The Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) is the economic heart of a modern refinery. Even small increases in its yield can bring about significant overall gains in productivity and revenue. Tracerco is a world leading industrial technology company providing unique and specialized detection, ...


Wet gas sulfuric acid - profitable sulfur management

The WSA technology is an excellent alternative to the Claus technology for sulfur management within oil refining, coal gasification, gas sweetening etc. High steam production, feed flexibility, ease of operation, and low CAPEX & OPEX are some key benefits for the operator when selecting ...


Why do many crude/vacuum units perform poorly?

In many cases it’s because the original design was based more on virtual than actual reality. There is no question: computer simulations have a key role to play but it’s equally true that process design needs to be based on what works in the field and not on the ideals of the ...


Why produce diesel from the vacuum unit?

Look ahead five years. The economy is likely to keep tightening and the rush to control pollution will inevitably be accompanied by demands for greater energy conservation. Consequence? A growing market for diesel which yields more energy per unit volume. Yet many continue to believe that ...