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Literature

Methanol to gasoline technology

Simple, scalable gasoline production. Produce transportation fuels with low technical and project risk. ExxonMobil’s methanol to gasoline (MTG) process selectively converts methanol to a single fungible liquid fuel and a small LPG stream. The liquid product is conventional gasoline ...


Operator training simulators

Providing you continuous improvement and a competitive edge. Today’s refining market is more competitive than ever—and as refineries continue to expand and overhaul their facilities, operator training will become an even more important part of safe, efficient and reliable plant ...


Rosemount® 3051S high static differential pressure transmitter

CHALLENGE: Unconventional oil and gas recovery methods, such as deep water offshore operations and enhanced oil recovery, require process measurement equipment to maintain tight control under extremely harsh conditions. Many of these applications require flow measurements using differential ...


FCC pretreatment catalysts

High-performance catalyst systems tailored to meet refiners’ operating objectives. Refiners worldwide are reporting significantly enhanced refinery economics after working with Criterion Catalysts & Technologies to optimise the performance of their fluidised catalytic cracking ...


Passion for engineering

Partnering with our customers. Industrial process plants are among the most complex structures that people have ever built. Worldwide, there are only a handful of companies with the detailed know-how needed to successfully deliver turnkey industrial plants. Linde Engineering is a pioneer ...


Criterion Catalysts & Technologies focus on performance

Considerable resourcefulness is required to run a refinery profitably when faced with shifting product demand patterns, tighter specifications, rising energy costs, tougher environmental regulations and variable crude quality. At the same time, the world order is changing. The economic ...


Claus tail gas treating - SCOT process

Applications: The Shell Claus Off -gas Treating (SCOT) process has been developed to remove sulfur compounds from Claus tail gas to comply with stringent air emissions regulations. The standard SCOT process is able to easily meet less than 250 ppmv total sulfur in the SCOT off gas, which ...


Optimizing your plant performance

Expert technical services in licensing, engineering, and catalysts for hydroprocessing, hydrogen, and sulfur management applications. Refinery processes are complex and filled with potential sources of inefficiency. Our technical services get to the root of the problem and improve the ...


High performance tray tower solutions

Advanced distillation column design. Revamping distillation columns requires a solid process design background, particularly when conducting evaluations of existing equipment and data. GTC advises clients to understand where they are on the reflux to theoretical stage curve prior to setting ...


STRATCO® alkylation technology

In January 2003, DuPont acquired the alkylation division of STRATCO, Inc., a leading alkylation technology licensing company servicing oil refineries throughout the world. Assets acquired include the STRATCO® brand name and technology, intellectual property, a global customer base, ...


STRATCO® XP2 technology for the STRATCO® CONTACTOR™ reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


UN portable tank for helium (Helicon)

Cryogenic excellence for the efficient and secure transport of helium. One of the world’s most valuable rare gases, helium supplies are both limited and finite. As demand for this gas rises to support new electronics and medical applications, efforts to conserve it are becoming more ...


Paving the way for LNG

Driven by increasing natural gas demand and decreasing costs along the whole LNG value chain (due to significant economies of scale, improvements in technologies, etc.), investments in LNG infrastructure are growing rapidly in the last years. LNG has turned from being an expensive and ...


CATnap delivers faster, safer catalyst changeout

Is a dust-fee catalyst changeout process that should save you over 24 hours in your initial reactor shutdown timeline. Its also a safer process (non-inert-entry) that reduces the hazards of handling, transporting and storing passivated catalyst. And CATnap renders the catalyst non-pyrophoric ...


ReFRESH™ your Catalyst

Topsoe´s ReFRESH™ technology offers you the opportunity to use Haldor Topsoe catalysts twice for maximum economic benefit by reactivation of the catalytically active sites. Activity up to 95+ % of fresh catalyst is restored. The technology is commercially proven with more than ...


Avoid fired heater coking

For many refiners, heater coking in Crude and Vacuum Distillation Units (CDU/VDUs) is a common occurrence. Many units around the world are shut down every two years, every year, or even every six months to deal with chronic heater coking. However, with the right design features driven ...


Hoekstra war stories

In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved ...


FCC – leading-edge technology for enhanced reliability and environmental performance

Refiners are under immense pressure to improve the performance of their fluidised catalytic cracking (FCC) units. At the same time, there are changing market demands and environmental issues to consider. Shell Global Solutions helps by selecting technology from an extensive line-up to ...


SPREX® & SPREX®CO2: bulk acid gas removal from highly sour gas

Process Principle: Bulk H2S or CO2 removal from highly sour gas by high pressure cryogenic distillation - Conventional distillation column with no hydrates or solid products formation - Separated acid gases are recovered liquid at high pressure and easily pumped back into reservoir - Final ...


At Sabin Metal we’ve turned science into art

The art of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials. The science of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials begins with the most technically advanced analytical, research, and sampling equipment, systems, and procedures. The art of ...


NEKTOR™ 4G

NEKTOR™4G is the latest generation of Grace’s marketleading low coke NEKTOR™ for residue FCC feed applications. NEKTOR™ 4G is manufactured using the Grace EnhanceR™ Technology Platform, and is an extension of the NEKTOR™ catalyst family, which is the ...


Compressor solutions for LNG terminal applications

Growing natural gas markets: Demand for environmentally friendly natural gas as a fossil fuel will continue to increase over the long term. Replacing the liquid fossil fuels of diesel, gasoline and oil with natural gas would reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by about 30%. Coal and ...


Hydrogen

The demand of hydrogen grew as the world´s consumption of refinery products increased by the ever growing industrialization. The demand for better and more abundant automotive fuels called for better yields from the limited feedstock crude oil. In turn the demand for hydrogen import ...


Callidus low NOx staged gas burner (CSGL)

The UOP Callidus (CSGL) is rapidly becoming the preferred staged gas low NOx process burner. An innovative design has been employed which increases the burner’s stability and allows for optimal performance on typical refinery fuel gases and 100% natural gas.The new design also increases ...


Multi-cassette designs provide a new option for mist elimination

In many industrial processes, the entrainment of liquid in gas streams can lead to damage to compressors or filler materials such as molecular sieves or, at the very least, reduction of throughput. The formation and the size of liquid droplets in the gas stream are determined mainly by ...


Improve fouling resistance in your wastewater benzene stripper

Benzene stripper columns, built so that refineries can meet the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), operate with several unique conditions – low vapor rates, high liquid loads, and a high tendency toward fouling make designing well-balanced, effective ...


Squeeze more value out of your FCC gasoline

As sulfur legislations tighten, it becomes more difficult for refiners to meet the specifications from their FCC gasoline post-treatment units. Particularly the octane number poses challenges, since some olefins are simultaneously being hydrogenated. The consequent loss of octane often ...


Channel baffles: improving efficiency on trays with low vapor loading

Sour water strippers, wastewater benzene strippers, or any other column that operates with low vapor rates often have active areas that are easily oversized for the actual operating vapor traffic. For optimum tray efficiency, good contacting of the liquid flowing across the tray deck with ...


Axens engineering services revamping

For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. ...


Advanced customer services by PROSERNAT

For a typical producing facility, a 1 year full time dedicated optimization and preventative maintenance program will cost a mere 5% of a day’s shutdown losses. Certainly a well invested budget for Performance and Productivity guarantees. Many aging facilities worldwide sense ...


Experience the Sabin difference for PGM catalyst recovery and refining.

The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: that’s the knowledge, experience, and expertise gained from ...


KDSOx™

Cost-effective SOx reduction solution for full-combustion FCC units. Reducing SOx emissions has become increasingly challenging in many parts of the world. Depending on the location, SOx emission limits are defined at the refinery level as bubble limits; at the individual emissions source; ...


Smart wireless solutions from Emerson

To operate your sites safely, efficiently, and cost effectively, you need a reliable stream of timely data - without sending personnel into the field more often than necessary. With Emerson’s Smart Wireless technology, you can easily capture this data across your operation, reducing ...


Gas treating (natural gas/syngas/lng) - Sulfinol process

Applications: The Sulfinol process is a regenerative process developed to remove H2S, CO2, COS and mercaptans from gases. The sulfur compounds in the product gas can be removed to low ppm levels. This process has been developed specifically for treating large quantities of gas, such as ...


Proper design of mass transfer internals in the FCC flue gas scrubber can help reduce PM emissions

The EPA’s New Source Performance Standards (40 C.F.R. §60.100-1-0, subpart Ja) regulates refinery particulate emissions, including the discharge of catalyst fines from the FCCU flue gas scrubber stack. Because refiners have traditionally correlated particulate matter (PM) emissions ...


Gasification – converting the bottom of the barrel into valuable products

Traditionally, crude-oil residues have been sold as marine bunker fuel or used on-site as furnace fuel. However, with changing legislation, refineries are under pressure to reduce both their emissions and the sulphur content of their products; in addition, the market for fuel oil is shrinking.   The ...


Natural gas processing plants

Natural gas is valuable both as a clean source of energy and as a chemical feedstock. Before reaching the customer, it has to pass several processing steps. These steps are partly necessary to be able to transport the gas over long distances and partly necessary for the recovery of valuable ...


Why produce diesel from the vacuum unit?

Look ahead five years. The economy is likely to keep tightening and the rush to control pollution will inevitably be accompanied by demands for greater energy conservation. Consequence? A growing market for diesel which yields more energy per unit volume. Yet many continue to believe that ...


StarLNG™ leading standardised small-to mid-scale LNG plants

Meeting future energy challenges. Growing importance of natural gas. In the bid to find cleaner, more environmentally sound sources of energy, the spotlight is increasingly shining on natural gas. Burning methane, the principle component of natural gas, produces around 30% less carbon ...


LNG import terminals

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) is becoming the preferred method of transport and storage of natural gas. In the LNG value chain, LNG-receiving terminals play an important role, allowing for the sourcing of LNG from all over the world and creating a new dynamic in the local natural gas market. ...


Intelligently predict and prevent corrosion across your operations

Learn how the fight against corrosion never stops - it is a fact of life every day across Oil & Gas, Refining and Pipeline operations, what-if you could have insight into real-time corrosion rates in your process?  Honeywell Predict® Corrosion Suite provides the next ...


From hydrogen production to sulphur recovery - let ceramics pave the way

Learn how to boost the reliability and performance of your hydrogen production and sulphur recovery plants through the deployment of Blasch’s proven ceramic systems. Benefits include: • Higher plant reliability and much longer run-lengths • 60 -90% faster installation ...