FCC gasoline desulfurization for Tier 3 sulfur compliance
FCC gasoline desulfurization for Tier 3 sulfur compliance. Hoekstra Trading has released our eighth annual report, Hoekstra Research Report 8.
• We have done field tests on nine commercial FCC gasoline desulfurizers
• We have done detailed chemical analyses on 70 gasoline samples
• We have quantified the wide range of feed quality in North America
• We have proven that octane loss is high in North American refineries
• We have quantified how feed quality and heavy tails affect unit performance
• We have developed a kinetic model for FCC gasoline desulfurization
• We have enhanced our FCC gasoline process model
• We have made accurate process estimates for design, revamps, and optimization
• We have done a detailed study of Tier 3 regulations and industry response
• We have analyzed the under-investment in North American desulfurization capacity
• We have done an up-to-date analysis of the sulfur credit market
• We have done an up-to-date analysis of the octane market
• We forecast a coming gasoline octane/sulfur squeeze
• We recommend profitable Tier 3 gasoline strategies
All our results are backed by hard data and sound, objective analysis not available anywhere else.
The report includes 15 attachments which are selected publications on the process and the economics of gasoline desulfurization and octane.
Like our seven previous reports, it contains surprising and valuable information you should have.
The attached offer letter contains the Table of Contents plus everything you need to issue a purchase order and get immediate delivery.
This is a shared-cost, multi-client program, your cost is a small fraction of the total program cost.
Join our client group, which now includes 32 clients representing 74 refineries.
An incident caused irreversible poisoning of a catalyst bed in a hydroprocessing unit. The incentive for immediate catalyst replacement was $400,000 per month, and the quoted lead time was unacceptably long. The refiner used our network to identify two feasible alternatives for faster delivery. ...
It is very difficult to accurately predict the cycle life for a hydroprocessing unit. This is especially true with today’s highly variable feed slates. Despite this fact, catalyst suppliers are always asked to estimate cycle life when bidding for a catalyst reload, and they comply with the request ...
A feed sent to C Solutions in Thessaloniki, Greece caused catalyst to deactivate very rapidly when introduced on day one of a pilot plant run. Analysis showed the feed to be full of high boiling aromatics and high in nitrogen. The pilot plant run was restarted with the usual 3-day break-in ...
This refinery wanted to make 10 ppm diesel in blocked out commercial trials as preparation for upcoming diesel specifications. Some catalyst vendors said the refinery would need to double the reactor volume to make 10ppm. Other vendors said they had a new drop-in solution, a catalyst that will do the ...
Cycle life for successive runs on this diesel hydrotreater has varied from 6 to 18 months.The cycle history was analyzed to assess the difficulty of processing varying feeds. Sulfur speciation analysis enabled measurement of difficult sulfur in the feed components. The unit’s cycle life was found ...
This is a 36 bar (525 psig) unit that was converted to ulsd service. The first two cycles used Albemarle KF-757 and lasted 6 months compared to one year expected cycle life. They switched to Topsoe catalyst for the next cycle and saw no improvement. Two suppliers recommended replacing the reactor ...
In most US refineries, the fluid catalytic cracker (also known as The Cat) is the main unit for converting heavy oils into gasoline and diesel. It produces gasoline (also known as cat gasoline), which is the largest single component of the US gasoline pool. Cat gasoline contains up to 2500 ppm sulphur ...
Gasoline sulphur is being reduced in the US to meet the EPA’s Tier 3 standard which requires an annual average of 10 ppm sulphur by 2020. The Tier 3 rule was enacted in 2014, and EPA gave the industry six years to achieve full implementation by 2020. (Note: The standard actually took effect in ...
Starting in January 2020, gasoline sold in the United States must contain no more than 10 ppm sulfur. This short, easy-to-read book gives a high-level overview of the regulatory, technical, economic, and strategic implications of this "Tier 3" requirement. Readers will get a quick, thorough understanding ...
Hoekstra Trading LLC is pleased to offer our Hoekstra Research Report 6 to refiners under 1 million barrels per day capacity for a price of $50,000. The report includes the following: 1. Hoekstra Research Report 6 Section 1: Catalyst test results - pilot plant run GH-12N 2. Hoekstra Research Report ...