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  • About Axens

    Axens is a group providing a complete range of solutions for the conversion of oil and biomass to cleaner fuels, the production and purification of major petrochemical intermediates as well as all of natural gas' treatment and conversion options. The offer includes technologies, equipment, furnaces, modular units, catalysts, adsorbents and related services. Axens is ideally positioned to cover the entire value chain, from feasibility study to unit start-up and follow-up throughout ...

  • ACTION® FCC catalysts

    Raising the octane value of FCC gasoline with minimal loss of volume. Taking advantage of new zeolite technology. The chances are that raising the octane level of the gasoline produced in your FCC unit is high on your agenda. Octane has become a key issue for many refiners with the advent of more-efficient car engines; the almost worldwide ban on the use of lead as a gasoline additive; and continuing pressure on octane blending components. The problem is compounded by the drive ...

  • At Sabin Metal we’ve turned science into art

    The art of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials. The science of recovering maximum value from your precious metal bearing materials begins with the most technically advanced analytical, research, and sampling equipment, systems, and procedures. The art of recovering maximum value is a different story; that’s based on seven decades of experience and success serving thousands of organizations around the world. At Sabin Metal we combine science ...

  • Axens catalysts and adsorbents

    Decades of scientific achievement in catalyst and adsorbent research, product development, engineering expertise, process licensing technologies, manufacturing capability, and industrial feedback form the basis of the most advanced and reliable catalysts and adsorbents available anywhere to serve the refining, petrochemical, chemicals, gas, alternative fuels and water industries.   Our products, which constitute the most complete portfolio on the market, are grouped according ...

  • Axens engineering services revamping

    For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. Our team of equipment specialists and our extensive network of detailed engineering contractors and equipment manufacturers complete this offer.   Our approach consists of successive ...

  • Axens hydrocracking

    Axens is an established name in hydrocracking licensing with more than 40 years’ experience in all types of hydrocracking processes. We have a large portfolio of hydroconversion processes, including fixed and ebullated-bed technologies. Our commercial units operate at low, medium and high conversion, and in once through, single-stage recycle and two-stage modes. Our commercial hydrocracker designs can cover a large variety of feedstocks varying from light HGO and LVGO ...

  • Axens overview

    Axens is a group providing a complete range of solutions for the conversion of oil and biomass to cleaner fuels, the production and purification of major petrochemical intermediates as well as all of natural gas' treatment and conversion options. The offer includes technologies, equipment, furnaces, modular units, catalysts, adsorbents and related services. Axens is ideally positioned to cover the entire value chain, from feasibility study to unit start-up and follow-up ...

  • Celebrating a century of innovation in the oil & gas industry

    UOP celebrates its 100th year in business in 2014, and in many ways our history is analogous to the development of the world’s oil and gas industry. We have accomplished many great things during the last century. For that, we owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to our customers, who helped us develop and commercialize our technologies. When our company was founded, there were fewer than 2 billion people in the world, and travel was dominated by horses and steam engines. ...

  • Crystaphase, there is no magic behind reactor performance

    It’s not magic. It’s science. Hydroprocessors know the wall that lies between them and peak reactor performance. Fouling, pressure drop, precipitation, agglomeration, polymerization, and catalyst deactivation, these obstacles build up, block by block. We help you break through that wall, clearing your path to performance. With highly specialized expertise and unique, industry-proven solutions, Crystaphase has helped refiners all over the world achieve unprecedented ...

  • Customized grading solutions for your feedstock

    Match your catalyst grading to your feedstock for minimum pressure drop build-up and maximum demetallization. As today’s opportunity crudes and heavier feedstocks become more economically viable, the oil fractions you refine are posing new challenges. Creating the optimal grading solution for your individual feedstock is essential to minimize pressure drop build-up, increase metals pick-up, and reduce downtime and catalyst replacement. An overlooked advantage The importance ...

  • Cycle life estimates for catalyst reload vary from 7 to 44 months

    It is very difficult to accurately predict the cycle life for a hydroprocessing unit. This is especially true with today’s highly variable feed slates. Despite this fact, catalyst suppliers are always asked to estimate cycle life when bidding for a catalyst reload, and they comply with the request even when it is nearly impossible to make a decent estimate with the available data.   In one recent case, four catalyst suppliers were asked to make reload proposals, ...

  • Experience the Sabin difference for PGM catalyst recovery and refining.

    The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: that’s the knowledge, experience, and expertise gained from seven decades of successfully serving thousands of organizations around the world. We’d be pleased to count you among them.

  • Experience the Sabin difference for precious metal catalyst recovery and refining

    We turn science into art for highest possible returns and added value. The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: that’s the knowledge, experience, and expertise gained from seven decades of successfully serving thousands of organizations around the world. We’d be pleased to count you among ...

  • Faster lead time for emergency catalyst delivery

    An incident caused irreversible poisoning of a catalyst bed in a hydroprocessing unit. The incentive for immediate catalyst replacement was $400,000 per month, and the quoted lead time was unacceptably long.  The refiner used our network to identify two feasible alternatives for faster delivery.  The outcome was 2 months faster lead time and $800,000 margin saved. Improved refinery lab accuracy:  Refinery lab analyses of FCC gasoline and reformate were incorrectly ...

  • FCC technical support, industry-leading service

    Grace technical service engineers regularly visit refineries to review unit operating data, evaluate catalyst management and unit performance, as well as provide specific recommendations to optimise unit operation. Grace can provide expert advice on operational problems concerned with the mechanical integrity of the FCCU. For example, issues such as cyclone performance, stripper efficiencies, circulation problems, transfer line problems, slurry circuit fouling, or high unit erosion ...

  • Gasoline desulfurization for Tier 3 Compliance

    Starting in January 2020, gasoline sold in the United States must contain no more than 10 ppm sulfur. This short, easy-to-read book gives a high-level overview of the regulatory, technical, economic, and strategic implications of this "Tier 3" requirement.  Readers will get a quick, thorough understanding of the Tier 3 issue which, according to the author, will have much more impact on the gasoline market than has been anticipated. You can buy the book HERE

  • Grading & guard materials

    Maximum catalyst protection and optimum pressure drop management. With the increased levels of heavy and non conventional crude oils in the refinery diets, state-of the art catalysts need state of the art Grading and Guard Materials to create the best working environment mitigating pressure drop and eliminating contaminants. Cycle length of a Hydroprocessing unit is typically controlled either by the catalyst activity (maximum allowable working temperature) or by the reactor ...

  • Haldor Topsoe refinery walk-through

    Exploring the hidden potential of your refinery. Refinery processes are complex and filled with potential sources of inefficiency. A Topsoe Refinery Walk-Through will identify the hidden opportunities and help you improve the refinery profitability, flexibility, safety, and reliability. Within the past few years, Topsoe has successfully carried out Refinery Walk-Throughs covering hydroprocessing, hydrogen- and sulfur management applications. The goal is to identify potential ...

  • High aromatic/nitrogen feeds cause rapid initial deactivation in pilot plants

    A feed sent to C Solutions in Thessaloniki, Greece caused catalyst to deactivate very rapidly when introduced on day one of a pilot plant run.  Analysis showed the feed to be full of high boiling aromatics and high in nitrogen. The pilot plant run was restarted with the usual 3-day break-in on straight run feed, and the catalyst lined out with the usual moderate initial deactivation, leading to a successful 40 - day test on the difficult feed.    This problem ...

  • Hoekstra war stories

    In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved unit. For example, one unit experienced a cycle life of just 1 year versus an estimated 3 year life on a very expensive catalyst. After two more short cycles of less than one year on other ...

  • How to evaluate, select, and work with a precious metals refiner.

    Precious metals are used in many processes and products for facilitating and/or speeding chemical reactions, pollution abatement, chemical/pharmaceutical production, electroplating, automotive catalytic reactors, jewelry, film, and hundreds more. Escalating values of most precious metals have forced users to view their precious metals purchasing and recovery management programs with a keen focus on costs at all levels. Selecting and working with an established, reliable — ...

  • Hydrogen-starved unit struggles to make ULSD

    This is a 36 bar (525 psig) unit that was converted to ulsd service. The first two cycles used Albemarle KF-757 and lasted 6 months compared to one year expected cycle life. They switched to Topsoe catalyst for the next cycle and saw no improvement. Two suppliers recommended replacing the reactor internals; but Johnson Matthey did a convincing analysis showing the unit was constrained by hydrogen supply, not flow distribution, and new internals would not fix the root ...

  • INTERCAT FCC additives and catalyst handling technologies

    Most refiners now find it essential to use catalytic additives to supplement the host FCC catalyst in order to achieve the desired unit performance, product quality, and environmental emissions targets that must be met. Johnson Matthey is the foremost supplier of FCC additives and addition systems, specializing in the development, manufacture, sale, and technical support of both additives and addition systems for the refining industry. Our INTERCATTM range of FCC additives and ...

  • Low and zero rare-earth FCC catalysts

    Rare-earth metals are an important component of FCC catalysts, as well as being a key raw material for many strategic industries with applications ranging from military devices to electronic components. In addition, they are essential constituents in newly evolving green technologies, such as hybrid cars and wind turbines. Rather ironically, rare-earth metals are not so rare, however they tend to be concentrated in hard to extract ore deposits. As a result, the world’s ...

  • Optimizing your plant performance

    Expert technical services in licensing, engineering, and catalysts for hydroprocessing, hydrogen, and sulfur management applications. Refinery processes are complex and filled with potential sources of inefficiency. Our technical services get to the root of the problem and improve the refinery profitability, safety, reliability, and flexibility. Designed for refineries, Topsoe technical services extend from unit debottlenecking to complete refinery walk-through. Depending ...

  • Precious metal catalyst recovery from chemical processes

    We turn science into art for highest possible returns and added value. The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: that’s the knowledge, experience, and expertise gained from seven decades of successfully serving thousands of organizations around the world. We’d be pleased to count you among ...

  • Precious metal refining with response and responsibility

    Learn more about the art and science of sampling at Sabin Metal, one of many Elements Of Success we’ve provided to catalyst users around the world for over six decades.

  • Precious metals recovery and refining for global industry

    Sabin Metal Corporation is the largest domestically owned, independent precious metals refiner in North America, serving a worldwide customer base. We recover PGMs (platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium), rhenium, gold, silver, and other precious metals from virtually every source and industry, all of which are described here. Sabin’s gold, silver, platinum, and palladium are accepted on NYMEX/COMEX (Chicago Mercantile Exchange); Sabin’s platinum and palladium are ...

  • Profitable hydrocracking starts here.............

    For seven decades we've helped feedstock processors enhance profits with responsive and responsible refining and recovery of PGMs from spent processing catalysts. Profitable hydrocracking and hydrocarbon processing starts and ends with Sabin Metal worldwide.

  • Recovering PGMs and other precious metals from spent hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts.

    We’ll work together to maximize your returns, lower your costs, increase your profits, and assure your peace of mind. Sabin Metal refines spent catalysts pellets, beads, extrudates, and monolithic structures from hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts and from catalytic abatement systems. We’ll maximize returns of PGMs and other precious metals used in soluble and insoluble alumina, silicaalumina, zeolite, and carbon supported catalysts. Precious metals are ...

  • Recovering PGMs and other precious metals from spent petroleum processing catalysts

    We’ll work together to maximize your returns, lower your costs, increase your profits, and assure your peace of mind. What do you expect from a precious metals refiner? Obviously you want the same qualities that other people expect from your organization: fair, straightforward treatment; prompt, responsive service; and, reliability/performance standards that are above reproach. Our customers expect the same from us; we’ve treated them this way for more than 60 years. ...

  • Recovering platinum/rhenium from spent hydrocarbon processing catalysts

    Now, practical, cost-effective recovery of platinum/ rhenium reforming catalysts, regardless of solubility– with maximum returns. Platinum / rhenium catalysts are widely used in the processing of hydrocarbon products. As rhenium values have increased, recovery techniques from spent catalysts have not kept pace. However, most users look to their refiners for increased recovery yields. Finally, there is a practical, cost-effective breakthrough that addresses this issue: after ...

  • Recovery and refining precious metals

    Recovery and refining of precious metals from hydrocarbon, petroleum, chemical, and petrochemical processes. Sabin recovers PGMs and other precious metals from spent catalysts with soluble and insoluble alumina, silica-alumina, and zeolite. • PGMs (platinum, palladium, ruthenium, and rhodium), rhenium, gold, silver, and other precious metals • Pellets, beads, extrudates, and monolithic structures • Waste by-products associated with catalyst processes Sabin ...

  • Refinery weighs proposals for 10 ppm diesel

    This refinery wanted to make 10 ppm diesel in blocked out commercial trials as preparation for upcoming diesel specifications. Some catalyst vendors said the refinery would need to double the reactor volume to make 10ppm. Other vendors said they had a new drop-in solution, a catalyst that will do the job with no unit modifications.    Instead of blocked out trials, the refiner hired C Solutions to run a 35-day, site specific pilot plant program. The objectives were ...

  • Sulfur speciation analysis helps with feedstock management

    Cycle life for successive runs on this diesel hydrotreater has varied from 6 to 18 months.The cycle history was analyzed to assess the difficulty of processing varying feeds. Sulfur speciation analysis enabled measurement of difficult sulfur in the feed components. The unit’s cycle life was found to correlate with the amount of difficult sulfur processed per cycle.   Correlations were developed to relate difficult feed sulfur to other feed properties so that feed ...

  • The clock is ticking on Tier 3 gasoline

    Gasoline sulphur is being reduced in the US to meet the EPA’s Tier 3 standard which requires an annual average of 10 ppm sulphur by 2020. The Tier 3 rule was enacted in 2014, and EPA gave the industry six years to achieve full implementation by 2020. (Note: The standard actually took effect in 2017, but banked Tier II credits generated prior to 2017 are allowed for use toward meeting Tier III specifications through the end of 2019.) Progress toward the 10 ppm goal has ...

  • Topsoe stream management

    Ensuring optimal utilization of all hydroprocessing units, hydrogen and catalyst. Refiners often face bottlenecks and challenges at their different units. Many times, these are solved within the refinery itself, and only considering a single or maybe a few units. With Topsoe Stream Management the feed and product pool is assessed applying Topsoes advanced proprietary models. That provides a performance optimization at a level unreachable by the refinery alone. Within the past ...

  • Tracerco Diagnostics™ FCCU Study

    The Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) is the economic heart of a modern refinery. Even small increases in its yield can bring about significant overall gains in productivity and revenue. Tracerco is a world leading industrial technology company providing unique and specialized detection, diagnostic and measurement solutions. A Tracerco Diagnostics™ FCCU Study will provide you with the information you need to optimize or troubleshoot your specific process: - All ...

  • UOP, A Honeywell Company, changing the world one solution at a time

    Honeywell UOP processes have changed the world. Since the groundbreaking introduction of the Dubbs Process in 1914, Honeywell UOP’s engineers and chemists have excelled in turning laboratory science into industrial reality, establishing the foundation for today’s modern refining industry. UOP processes produce the gasoline that fuels our cars. The raw materials that ultimately become the clothes we wear are made using UOP technology. Manufacturers use UOP processes ...

  • Wet gas sulfuric acid - profitable sulfur management

    The WSA technology is an excellent alternative to the Claus technology for sulfur management within oil refining, coal gasification, gas sweetening etc. High steam production, feed flexibility, ease of operation, and low CAPEX & OPEX are some key benefits for the operator when selecting the WSA technology. Today we have +130 references world wide.

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