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  • Sulfur in jet fuel by ASTM D4294

    The International Air Transport Association (IATA) reports that in 2017 alone, more than 4 billion passengers traveled by air. It is estimated that air transport will reach global growth of over 7 billion passengers by 2035. Standard jet fuel specifications are used to ensure that wherever a plane is fueled, it can continue to operate safely. Common jet fuel specifications are shown in Table 1. Jet fuel specifications require total sulfur content to be less than 0.30 wt%. In order ...

  • Sulfur recovery

    With increasing environmental concerns, sulfur recovery has become one of the leading issues in emissions reduction. Bryan Research & Engineering’s process simulator, ProMax, contains a complete reactor suite for modeling kinetic (plug flow and stirred tank), equilibrium, conversion, and Gibbs minimization schemes. A variety of sulfur recovery and tail gas cleanup processes may be modeled using this suite of options. Some of the most commonly modeled processes include: • ...

  • Topsoe refinery Research & Development

    Providing refiners with the best catalysts on the market would be impossible without the innovative ideas from Topsoe R&D. Combined with the knowledge obtained from our pilot plant units, catalyst development is essential to providing high-performing, customized solutions. Topsoe’s research facilities in Denmark have more than 50 hydroprocessing pilot plant units with more than 100 catalytic reactors for catalyst screening and process studies, including dedicated ...

  • Total Chlorine by Modified ASTM D7536 with Accu-flow

    X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry, while widely used for total sulfur testing, has traditionally been an ineffective tool for the direct measurement of total chlorides in crude oil due to the settling effects of inorganic chloride salts during the measurement process. This settling leads to poor precision and an industry preference for other measurement or sample extraction techniques.

  • Total sulfur gauge for crude oil, marine bunker fuel & blending

    Featuring 3rd generation X-ray transmission technology, the NEX XT from Applied Rigaku Technologies, Inc. represents the next evolution of process analyzers for sulfur measurement (0.02% to 6% S) of crude, bunker fuel, fuel oils, and other highly viscous bhydrocarbons, including residuums. ✓ Optimized for total sulfur analysis needs ✓ Marine fuel blending and monitoring to meet IMO MARPOL sulfur regulations ✓ Monitor fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) feed streams ✓ ...

  • Tracerco™ Level System

    Bulk level measurement. Developed to comply with the latest functional safety standards, the SIL2 certified TracercoTM level system delivers extremely reliable bulk level measurements, regardless of process conditions. Its external modular design, with no moving parts, provides measurement redundancy, as well as the ability to offer consistent, accurate level measurement. This offers operators process optimisation, leading to improved product quality and reduced process issues. Key ...

  • Vapor pressure testing for petroleum, LPG, crude oil and Chemicals

    Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids especially of spark-ignition engine fuels. It provides an indication of how a fuel will perform under different operating conditions. For example, vapor pressure is a factor in determining, whether a fuel will cause vapor locks at high ambient temperature or at high altitude, or will provide easy starting at low ambient temperatures. Petroleum product specifications are regulated by various governmental agencies. ...

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