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Literature

Experience the Sabin difference for PGM catalyst recovery and refining.

The “science” of recovering and refining precious metal catalysts is straightforward: state of the art technology. The “art” of this process, however, is what makes Sabin different from all others: that’s the knowledge, experience, and expertise gained from ...


Residue upgrading using ebullated-bed hydrocracking

Dealing more effectively with the bottom of the barrel is high on the refining industry’s agenda for the following reasons. Crude oil feedstocks are becoming heavier, which is making lighter crudes more expensive. Environmental pressures are undermining the market for heavy fuel ...


Linde engineering division

Linde Engineering is successful throughout the world, with its focus on promising market segments such as olefin plants, natural gas plants and air separation plants, as well as hydrogen and synthesis gas plants. In contrast to virtually all its competitors, the Group is able to rely on ...


Diesel dewaxing catalysts

Maximising middle distillate yields while maintaining excellent cold flow properties. In recent years, diesel dewaxing has emerged as a powerful technique for meeting product specifications and creating additional margin. To avoid wax compounds crystallising out and causing engine ...


Sindie+Cl sulfur and chlorine analyser

Sindie +Cl is a two-in-one instrument enabling trace analysis of both sulfur and chlorine with one push of a button. It is the ideal solution to certify sulfur levels in finished products, assess chlorine for corrosion mitigation, and optimize process parameters.


Three cost effective ways to strengthen trays against uplift

Several common operating conditions cause tray damage, including high liquid levels, free water flashing at the bottom of the column, and excessive pressure drop. The result can be an expensive shutdown causing lost production and profit. Increasing tray thickness can be a first approach ...


Recovering PGMs and other precious metals from spent hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts.

We’ll work together to maximize your returns, lower your costs, increase your profits, and assure your peace of mind. Sabin Metal refines spent catalysts pellets, beads, extrudates, and monolithic structures from hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts and from catalytic abatement ...


SERVOTOUGH OxyExact 2200

High specification process oxygen analyzer, designed for ultimate monitoring performance. The OxyExact safe area oxygen analyzer combines high precision Paramagnetic O2 sensing technology into a flexible and robust safety-enhanced design, optimized to meet the needs of demanding process ...


EDV wet scrubbing systems with LoTOx technology

For control of NOX emissions, the BELCO® EDV® Wet Scrubbing System uses a patented LoTOx™ process from The Linde Group. In the LoTOx™ process, NOX compounds are oxidized with ozone to form compounds that are easily removed from the flue gas by the same liquid-gas contact ...


Digitalization manifesto - Now its time

At KBC we believe in a world where plants operate with: No safety incidents, No unplanned outages, Rigorous adherence to operating plans, Agile response to market changes and plant disturbances, A motivated and informed workforce, A culture of profitability. We call this ‘Excellence’. KBC ...


Claus tail gas treating - SCOT process

Applications: The Shell Claus Off -gas Treating (SCOT) process has been developed to remove sulfur compounds from Claus tail gas to comply with stringent air emissions regulations. The standard SCOT process is able to easily meet less than 250 ppmv total sulfur in the SCOT off gas, which ...


Gasification – converting the bottom of the barrel into valuable products

Traditionally, crude-oil residues have been sold as marine bunker fuel or used on-site as furnace fuel. However, with changing legislation, refineries are under pressure to reduce both their emissions and the sulphur content of their products; in addition, the market for fuel oil is shrinking.   The ...


Sindie 7039 - sulfur analysis with unprecedented precision

From ultra low sulfur diesel and gasoline to heavy fuel oil and crudes, the Sindie 7039 analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy. The analyzer is the ultimate easy-to-use and robust sulfur analyzer for petroleum and bio fuels. The ideal analytical solution for the energy ...


Axens Symphony™ reforming catalysts

The next generation of higher performance reforming catalysts. Based on more than 100 years of accumulated experience Axens has developed Symphony™, the next generation of higher performance reforming catalysts born from a harmonious orchestration of expertise designed to yield superior ...


Clora 2XP chlorine analyzer

The Clora 2XP Benchtop analyzer is designed for use with liquid hydrocarbons such as aromatics, distillates, heavy fuels and crude oils, as well as aqueous solutions. The enhanced precision of Clora 2XP is ideal for testing related to catalyst poisoning in reformers or for sites with fluid ...


Gas/Liquid separation technology

Sulzer is a major player in the field of gas/liquid and liquid/liquid separation technology, offering a full range of innovative products and related services. Our commitment to development of technology, combined with application knowhow and consistent fabrication standards ensures that ...


Ariel Coproration API 618 moderate-speed process compressors

Ariel’s moderate-speed API 618 process compressors are utilized in a wide range of applications around the globe, providing the safety and reliability demanded by today’s refinery and petrochemical industries. With 40,000+ reciprocating compressors ranging from 100 to 10,000 ...


Tail-gas treating catalysts

Refineries and gas plants worldwide have reported lower operating costs, extended cycle lengths and reduced pressure drops as a result of installing Criterion’s state-of-the-art catalysts in their Claus tail-gas treating units. Well-operated Claus tail-gas units are increasingly ...


Tube bundle and tube inserts for the Stratco contactor reactor

Optimise heat transfer distribution and increase heat transfer for improved performance. 3/4” tube bundle: the ¾” tube bundle was developed in response to a desire to increase Contactor™ capacity by increasing the amount of heat transfer surface area available ...


Approaches to simulating distillation and absorption

Distillation of spirits has been practiced since the time of the ancient Greeks who ascribed sacred powers to the liquids that resulted from refining wine using stills such as the one shown in Figure 1. Dionysian cults incorporated these early spirits into religious rituals. Distillation ...


Recovering platinum/rhenium from spent hydrocarbon processing catalysts

Now, practical, cost-effective recovery of platinum/ rhenium reforming catalysts, regardless of solubility– with maximum returns. Platinum / rhenium catalysts are widely used in the processing of hydrocarbon products. As rhenium values have increased, recovery techniques from spent ...


Suspension crystallization technology

Suspension crystallization technology completes Sulzer‘s existing portfolio of melt crystallization technology consisting of falling film and static crystallization. Based upon careful evaluation of the technologies, our clients can be sure to receive the ideal process for their ...


ASCENT™ DC-2534: performance that delivers greater value for your investment

Refiners who are planning to replace their ULSD catalysts have important decisions to make. The factors they must consider include catalyst performance, hydrogen consumption and catalyst regeneration/reuse options, all of which will have a direct bearing on their costs and the economic ...


Total Chlorine by Modified ASTM D7536 with Accu-flow

X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry, while widely used for total sulfur testing, has traditionally been an ineffective tool for the direct measurement of total chlorides in crude oil due to the settling effects of inorganic chloride salts during the measurement process. This settling ...


SERVOTOUGH Oxy 1900

Leading-edge, safety-enhanced oxygen analysis for hazardous or challenging applications. The award-winning Oxy 1900 sets the standard for O2 gas analysis, delivering a feature-rich solution designed to meet the monitoring needs of even the most challenging applications. At the heart ...


Nasty stuff

Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, ...


Hydrogen

The demand of hydrogen grew as the world´s consumption of refinery products increased by the ever growing industrialization. The demand for better and more abundant automotive fuels called for better yields from the limited feedstock crude oil. In turn the demand for hydrogen import ...


Sindie on-the-go

Plug-It-In & Measure. Results with One Touch.Unrivaled Precision. The Sindie OTG is a portable sulfur analyzer and provides reliable quality results from ULSD and gasoline to marine fuels and crudes. The analyzer is suitable for operating in-the-field, on-board marine environments ...


DuraZOOM™ - industry-leading olefin and octane enhancement

DuraZOOM additive is the latest in a long line of light olefins and octane enhancers manufactured by Albemarle. ZSM-5 additives were developed by Mobil Oil Corporation and first used in 1983 as octane enhancers necessitated by the phasing out of tetraethyl lead. Since then, their use has ...


Advanced process control for Prime-G+™

APC uses a model-based predictive control technology that drives the process towards the desired targets through the manipulation of several variables simultaneously while observing all process constraints. APC has a proven track record in delivering business objectives: reducing energy ...


Brink® mist eliminators

Brink® solutions deliver the highest efficiencies, lowest pressure drop, and longest effective life available. From the invention of Brink® Fiber Bed Mist Eliminators in 1958, MECS® has set the standard for offering the widest array of designs and materials ...


Density, concentration and solids content

Non-contacting measurement technology made by Berthold. Berthold density measurement systems are used for the continuous process control on pipelines and in vessels. Density, concentration and solids content are determined in a non-contacting manner, without affecting the flow properties ...


Understanding amine system terminology

As we work with valued customers in our business, we have come to realize that there is confusion with some of the terms used to describe amine systems. Some of these terms such as Heat Stable Salts, Heat Stable Amine Salts, Lean Loading, Bound Amine, etc may need clarification. We explain ...


Customised air separation plants

The design, procurement, construction and operation of customised, multi-train air separation projects can present a number of challenges, particularly in remote locations. Having successfully engineered and executed most of the largest air separation complexes in the world, Linde Engineering ...


Effective water removal creates extra capacity in your absorber-stripper

Free or soluble water carrying over from the FCC or Coker Main Fractionator overhead systems can cause foaming problems and flooding in the Absorber-Stripper columns. Column designs that incorporate effective water removal can free-up capacity for valuable naphtha or LPG production. The ...


Sub-ppm chloride monitoring of hydrocarbons

Corrosion at petroleum refineries is a critical problem all over the world. In the United States alone, NACE International, a professional association dedicated to reducing the economic impact of corrosion, has shown that $3.7 billion in direct costs are realized annually from maintenance, ...


SERVOTOUGH H2scan

Explosion-proof in-line hydrogen process analyzer, using a solid-state, non-consumable sensor configured to operate in process gas streams. The H2Scan hydrogen process analyzer features thin film technology that provides a direct hydrogen measurement that is not cross-sensitive to other ...


LNG import terminals

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) is becoming the preferred method of transport and storage of natural gas. In the LNG value chain, LNG-receiving terminals play an important role, allowing for the sourcing of LNG from all over the world and creating a new dynamic in the local natural gas market. ...


Sulfuric acid alkylation technical services

Maximise the performance of your alkylation unit. As the world leader in sulfuric acid alkylation, DuPont has extensive experience and know-how that can support your alkylation unit, either on an as needed or ongoing basis. Whether it’s troubleshooting, optimizing operations, supporting ...


Tonnage air separation plants - general products

For production of oxygen, nitrogen, argon and ̶ in some special cases ̶ other  rare gases (krypton, xenon, helium, neon) through cryogenic rectification of air. The products can be produced in gaseous form for pipeline supply or as cryogenic liquid for storage and distribution by ...


Intelligently predict and prevent corrosion across your operations

Learn how the fight against corrosion never stops - it is a fact of life every day across Oil & Gas, Refining and Pipeline operations, what-if you could have insight into real-time corrosion rates in your process?  Honeywell Predict® Corrosion Suite provides the next ...


From hydrogen production to sulphur recovery - let ceramics pave the way

Learn how to boost the reliability and performance of your hydrogen production and sulphur recovery plants through the deployment of Blasch’s proven ceramic systems. Benefits include: • Higher plant reliability and much longer run-lengths • 60 -90% faster installation ...