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  • Canadian crude processing challenges

    Vacuum unit design influences liquid volume yields, run length, product 
yield and product quality when processing bitumen crude oils

  • Oil/water interface control for desalters

    Profiling instrument provides vertical real-time phase density measurement in desalter vessels. Benefits include reduced process upsets from interface ...

  • Unconventional crude upgrading challenges

    Case studies of upgrader technology selection such as blending of syncrude with bitumen and other intermediates

  • Elimination of refinery sour gases and trace components

    Case study concerning elimination of sour gases and trace components from gasification gases. The objective is to produce pure hydrogen for hydrotreating ...

  • Crude overhead system design considerations

    Proper crude unit overhead system design is important when building a new unit or revamping an existing one to process different crudes

  • Advances in amine reclaiming

    Why there is no excuse for operating a dirty amine system. The benefits of reclaiming amine systems are trumpeted by many and doubted by others.

  • Evaluating opportunity crude processing

    Is processing opportunity crudes for every refiner? Technical challenges and economic benefits from processing high-acid crudes and bottom-of-the-barrel ...

  • Reducing refinery SOx emissions

    Through an extensive study and 18-month trial, a Canadian refinery chose SOx reduction additive technology to reduce its SOx emissions

  • Profiting with FCC feedstock diversity

    Gasoline sulphur-reduction catalysts and additives can provide additional options and flexibility while maximising refinery profitability

  • Designing vacuum units

    When designing vacuum units for processing heavy Canadian crudes, reliability costs can be high if the feedstock’s thermal instability is not fully ...

  • Residue upgrading

    An examination into the feedstock and process conditions where solvent deasphalting is the most appropriate technology for upgrading residue

  • Improving FCC catalyst performance

    Higher volumes of heavier feeds can be processed with additives designed to enhance base catalyst effectiveness. Deactivation and dehydrogenation problems ...

  • Hydrocarbon removal from amines demonstrated experience

    Bringing amine system contaminants down to low levels has reduced operational problems. Several large operating facilities are now using the latest technology ...

  • Profitable resid processing

    FCC catalyst technology can help refiners processing resids overcome any negative effects on unit operation and operate more profitably and efficientl ...

  • Increasing crude unit preheat

    Cost-effective exchanger network solutions need to rely on more than just pinch technology if they are to be successful

  • Corrosion monitoring improvements

    Case study examines prediction, monitoring and mitigation of corrosion-related effects at a West European refinery operating in a high temperature, naphthenic ...

  • Deep-cut vacuum unit design

    Process modelling and equipment know-how are needed to design deep-cut vacuum units that operate reliably at high temperature and low pressure

  • An atmospheric crude tower revamp

    Overall gas oil yield was maintained with heavier crudes due to a crude tower revamp. The revamp allowed for a crude heater outlet temperature reducti ...

  • Improved residuum cracking

    The detrimental effect of nickel and vanadium in forming contaminant coke and hydrogen can be reduced via appropriate passivation technology

  • Managing vanadium from high metals crude oils

    Improvements in process and equipment design with regard to crude unit and delayed coker distillation column performance can reduce metals content

  • Mitigating corrosion from naphthenic acid streams

    The authors describe how crude and side-cut analysis, laboratory and field data lead to strategies for managing high severity operating conditions needed ...

  • Advances in residue upgrading technology

    A combination of mature technology and innovative catalyst design and process improvements provide the flexibility to upgrade heavier feeds

  • Improved conceptual process design avoids revamp scope growth

    For grassroots design, defining project scope is a straightforward exercise. Grassroots projects can follow optimum execution procedures for engineering ...

  • Risks of accumulated sulphur in sulphur recovery unit

    Follow-up data to an October 1997 article proves with refinery experience that caustic neutralisation does not improve system operations