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  • Canadian crude processing challenges
    Jan-2008

    Vacuum unit design influences liquid volume yields, run length, product 
yield and product quality when processing bitumen crude oils

  • Oil/water interface control for desalters
    Oct-2007

    Profiling instrument provides vertical real-time phase density measurement in desalter vessels. Benefits include reduced process upsets from interface ...

  • Unconventional crude upgrading challenges
    Oct-2007

    Case studies of upgrader technology selection such as blending of syncrude with bitumen and other intermediates

  • Elimination of refinery sour gases and trace components
    Jul-2007

    Case study concerning elimination of sour gases and trace components from gasification gases. The objective is to produce pure hydrogen for hydrotreating ...

  • Crude overhead system design considerations
    Jul-2007

    Proper crude unit overhead system design is important when building a new unit or revamping an existing one to process different crudes

  • Advances in amine reclaiming
    Feb-2007

    Why there is no excuse for operating a dirty amine system. The benefits of reclaiming amine systems are trumpeted by many and doubted by others.

  • Evaluating opportunity crude processing
    Oct-2006

    Is processing opportunity crudes for every refiner? Technical challenges and economic benefits from processing high-acid crudes and bottom-of-the-barrel ...

  • Reducing refinery SOx emissions
    Jul-2006

    Through an extensive study and 18-month trial, a Canadian refinery chose SOx reduction additive technology to reduce its SOx emissions

  • Profiting with FCC feedstock diversity
    Jul-2006

    Gasoline sulphur-reduction catalysts and additives can provide additional options and flexibility while maximising refinery profitability

  • Designing vacuum units
    Apr-2006

    When designing vacuum units for processing heavy Canadian crudes, reliability costs can be high if the feedstock’s thermal instability is not fully ...

  • Residue upgrading
    Apr-2006

    An examination into the feedstock and process conditions where solvent deasphalting is the most appropriate technology for upgrading residue

  • Improving FCC catalyst performance
    Mar-2006

    Higher volumes of heavier feeds can be processed with additives designed to enhance base catalyst effectiveness. Deactivation and dehydrogenation problems ...

  • Hydrocarbon removal from amines demonstrated experience
    Mar-2006

    Bringing amine system contaminants down to low levels has reduced operational problems. Several large operating facilities are now using the latest technology ...

  • Profitable resid processing
    Feb-2006

    FCC catalyst technology can help refiners processing resids overcome any negative effects on unit operation and operate more profitably and efficientl ...

  • Increasing crude unit preheat
    Jan-2006

    Cost-effective exchanger network solutions need to rely on more than just pinch technology if they are to be successful

  • Corrosion monitoring improvements
    Oct-2005

    Case study examines prediction, monitoring and mitigation of corrosion-related effects at a West European refinery operating in a high temperature, naphthenic ...

  • Deep-cut vacuum unit design
    Oct-2005

    Process modelling and equipment know-how are needed to design deep-cut vacuum units that operate reliably at high temperature and low pressure

  • An atmospheric crude tower revamp
    Jul-2005

    Overall gas oil yield was maintained with heavier crudes due to a crude tower revamp. The revamp allowed for a crude heater outlet temperature reducti ...

  • Improved residuum cracking
    Apr-2005

    The detrimental effect of nickel and vanadium in forming contaminant coke and hydrogen can be reduced via appropriate passivation technology

  • Managing vanadium from high metals crude oils
    Sep-2003

    Improvements in process and equipment design with regard to crude unit and delayed coker distillation column performance can reduce metals content

  • Mitigating corrosion from naphthenic acid streams
    Jan-2003

    The authors describe how crude and side-cut analysis, laboratory and field data lead to strategies for managing high severity operating conditions needed ...

  • Advances in residue upgrading technology
    Apr-2002

    A combination of mature technology and innovative catalyst design and process improvements provide the flexibility to upgrade heavier feeds

  • Improved conceptual process design avoids revamp scope growth
    Mar-2002

    For grassroots design, defining project scope is a straightforward exercise. Grassroots projects can follow optimum execution procedures for engineering ...

  • Risks of accumulated sulphur in sulphur recovery unit
    Aug-1998

    Follow-up data to an October 1997 article proves with refinery experience that caustic neutralisation does not improve system operations