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  • Axens engineering services revamping

    For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. Our team of equipment specialists and our extensive network of detailed engineering contractors and equipment manufacturers complete this offer.   Our approach consists of successive ...

  • Opportunity or Annoyance?

    Price differentials between conventional and opportunity crudes compel refiners to process increasing percentages of lower valued opportunity crude. However, as many refiners have learned the hard way, opportunity crudes are tied to unique processing challenges. Furthermore, existing crude unit configurations may limit high profit opportunity crude to a disappointingly small proportion of the total unit blend. Processing a changing slate of opportunity crudes of varying compositions ...

  • H2S oxidation system for refinery desulfurization

    The European Union has recently promulgated new directives reducing the amount of residual sulfur in diesel and gasoline. These directives are requiring European refineries to revise both their fuel production processes and their downstream desulfurization strategies. One affected refinery is Irish Refining plc near Whitegate Middleton, Country Cork, Ireland which recently added a new atmospheric pipestill and expanded their existing gas oil hydrofiner. After the changes, the ...

  • Shut-off valves

    Valves especially designed for the use in Claus-units / processes. Upon request: Special design for desulphurization of natural gas / gas conditioning. The proven design has been delivered to more than 150 reference plants worldwide. Numerous valves installed more than 30 years ago are still in operation. Applications: - Petrochemical plants - Desulphurization of natural gas and Gas conditioning Sizes:                   ...

  • Tracerco™ Level System

    Bulk level measurement. Developed to comply with the latest functional safety standards, the SIL2 certified TracercoTM level system delivers extremely reliable bulk level measurements, regardless of process conditions. Its external modular design, with no moving parts, provides measurement redundancy, as well as the ability to offer consistent, accurate level measurement. This offers operators process optimisation, leading to improved product quality and reduced process issues. Key ...

  • On budget, on time, offline

    Flawless project execution will not prevent a unit shutdown due to selecting the wrong metallurgy for a challenging crude slate. No matter how well it is fabricated and installed, a shell and tube exchanger with cold, high viscosity vacuum resid on the tube side will have poor heat transfer performance. On-time shipping and installation of a too-small desalter will not prevent crude column overhead corrosion if the centerline velocity is overly optimistic for the design crude. A ...

  • Maximizing light cycle oil recovery in the FCC main fractionator

    Refiners operating FCCU's have adjusted their operating strategies to maximize light cycle oil production to meet the increased demand for automotive diesel. Catalyst formulations and reactor conditions can alter yields, but the refinery cannot take full advantage of the increased LCO recovery without an optimized Main Fractionator operation and design. Sulzer offers several methods of optimizing the separation between light cycle oil and less valuable HCO or slurry with little ...

  • PROvantage™

    Operate in higher propylene mode without changing your base catalyst. PROvantage olefin/octane enhancement additive provides refiners with the flexibility to operate in a high propylene mode without the activity dilution of the base catalyst inventory normally associated with high levels of traditional ZSM-5 additives. Why PROvantage works PROvantage contains several different types of active acid site components all in close proximity. The proper balance of these sites efficiently ...

  • It’s time to give your reactor some HELPsc™

    Excessive pressure drop build-up issues in hydroprocessing reactors are often keeping units from delivering maximum value. Refiners are forced to perform premature shutdowns for costly catalyst skimming operations resulting in lost profit. Topsoe’s High-Efficiency Liquid Phase scale catcher (HELPsc™) is a specialized patent-pending reactor internal technology that works in synergy with the graded bed. Installation of the technology will significantly prolong the ...

  • Slash your hydrogen production costs

    By utilizing low value, excess fuel gas, you can reduce your consumption of costly traditional hydrogen plant feedstocks, such as natural gas, LPG, butane or naphtha. Upgrading fuel gas produced onsite is a proven way to significantly cut the cost of your hydrogen production. Refinery fuel gases are an attractive feedstock option. However, impure RFG feeds can cause problems in the feedstock purification section. With Haldor Topsoe’s fuel gas hydrotreating (FGH) technology, ...

  • BCMT™-500 and BCMT-500-LRT

    Too often profitability is lost because refiners lack adequate accessibility and bottoms cracking power in their catalyst. Albemarle has developed BCMT-500 additive, which features high accessibility and provides powerful functional bottoms conversion sites. BCMT‑500 delivers many pre-cracking sites and high metals tolerance while making up only a small fraction of the circulating catalyst inventory. BCMT-500-LRT provides refiners with the same accessibility, metals tolerance ...

  • Making the invisible visible

    In FCC Units (Fluidised Catalyst Cracking Units) the atmospheric residue from the distillation is cracked to LPG, naptha and other components. This sometimes leads to “invisible” deposits inside the Riser. This article features Tracerco’s ThruVision™ scans to illustrate how the technology helped the refinery to identify these deposits at an early stage. Bayernoil operates two FCC Units to convert heavy hydrocarbons. In the FCC Unit the feed is injected ...

  • All about excellence in the energy and chemical industry

    KBC exists to help you achieve and sustain excellent operational performance, through the actions of our people, fused with the application of our digitalization technology and best practices, powered by the Cloud.Better decisions - faster, Flawless execution - every time and  Superior results - sustained. Deliver value: Performance assurance Organizations that perform at their best are able to adjust to changing dynamics without compromising competitiveness. KBC ...

  • INTALOX® ULTRA Random Packing

    INTALOX® ULTRA high performance random packing can help to increase the capacity of any random packing tower by up to 10% while maintaining the same efficiency compared to previous high capacity random packings, such as IMTP random packing. With older generation random packings, the benefits may be greater. The low pressure drop and high capacity of this packing: * Allows smaller diameter for new columns * Reduces energy consumption * Reduces foam generation * Reduces pressure ...

  • Platts Energy Transition Service

    A renewed focus to solve your business challenges. Environmental, Social and Governance initiatives span many of the markets served by S&P Global. Platts is focused on the E in ESG, and how the energy transition is impacting all the commodity markets we cover. The Energy Transition refers to the shift towards the sustainable production and consumption of commodities to lower carbon pathways. This encompasses renewable power, hydrogen and biofuels, and abatement techniques ...

  • NaphthaClean

    Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) technology for reducing gasoline sulfur. BASF proudly introduces NaphthaClean, an FCC catalyst technology designed for the reduction of FCC gasoline sulfur content. Based on the combination of our award-winning and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology platform and BASF gasoline sulfur reduction technology, NaphthaClean provides a refiner with both maximum gasoline production and maximum gasoline sulfur reduction. This ...

  • H2S oxidation system for water treatment facilities

    A new water treatment facility in the town of Jupiter, Florida, was causing a serious odor problem. H2S removed from the purified water was being released into the atmosphere. Complaints about the odor came from the residences and businesses downwind of the treatment plant. A turnkey LO-CAT® Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation System designed to process 30,000 CFM of air containing 250 ppm of H2S solved this problem. Due to the scarcity of fresh water available for treatment ...

  • Tray designs for extreme fouling applications

    Today refiners experience a lot of problems with processing of opportunity or heavy crudes. Such crudes have very high sulfur content and require the addition of amine scavengers before desalting. These amines decompose in the heater and create ammonium chlorides in the presence of water in the top of the crude tower. Dissolved salts start to precipitate and crystallize when the solution becomes saturated and water is vaporized. Such fouling starts to grow below and above trays ...

  • MD FCC Catalysts - boosting middle distillates production in FCC

    Maximizing middle distillates in FCC units. A range of catalysts is available from Albemarle for increasing the production of middle distillates in the FCC process while retaining the many other attractive features of this versatile bottom-ofthe- barrel upgrading process. The key to success is to adjust the catalyst properties for maximum production of LCO while maintaining maximum bottoms (slurry oil) destruction and good product quality. The middle distillate catalyst family ...

  • Process heater burners, flare systems, thermal oxidizers, catalyst systems

    With over two decades of overcoming combustion and emissions challenges, UOP Callidus consistently leads the industry by setting the standards for maximum performance and minimum emissions. Burners that set the standards: Innovation and technology are the keys to UOP Callidus burners. For over two decades, our team has been on the leading edge in designing burner equipment. The burner design group has worked in cooperation with our customers to develop the technology and solutions ...

  • VORSOMAX® Cyclonic Equipment

    Reduce new vessel size or increase capacity in high-pressure applications with our new VORSOMAX® cyclone mist eliminator and VORSOMAX® cyclonic inlet device. The advanced design DEMISTER-PLUS mist eliminator can achieve even greater increases in capacity over conventional mist elimination equipment. The well-proven DEMISTER-PLUS mist eliminator design features a feed inlet device and a one- or two-stage mist eliminator, combining the efficiency of the DEMISTER® mist ...

  • Low and zero rare-earth FCC catalysts

    Rare-earth metals are an important component of FCC catalysts, as well as being a key raw material for many strategic industries with applications ranging from military devices to electronic components. In addition, they are essential constituents in newly evolving green technologies, such as hybrid cars and wind turbines. Rather ironically, rare-earth metals are not so rare, however they tend to be concentrated in hard to extract ore deposits. As a result, the world’s ...

  • Effective water removal creates extra capacity in your absorber-stripper

    Free or soluble water carrying over from the FCC or Coker Main Fractionator overhead systems can cause foaming problems and flooding in the Absorber-Stripper columns. Column designs that incorporate effective water removal can free-up capacity for valuable naphtha or LPG production. The Problem Even with bulk water removal in the overhead knockout drums or high pressure receivers, water carryover can go hand-in-hand with capacity creep. Higher charge rates can create superficial ...

  • DigitalRefining 2021 Media Details

    DigitalRefining is the most extensive source of freely available information on all aspects of the refining, gas and petrochemical processing industries, providing a constantly growing database of technical articles, webinars, company literature, product brochures, videos, industry news, events and company information. Editorial Opportunities Articles: Please send your editorial suggestions, of an unpublished, 2,500+ word case study to Chris Cunningham, editor@petroleumtechnology.com. ...

  • DURANIT® Maximum compression strength for maximum operational safety

    When using catalyst supports, a high degree of operational safety through stability and homogeneity of the support material is an important factor for the customer. The specially developed manufacturing process from VFF means that the compression strength of the Duranit® X500 inert balls is significantly higher than that of comparable products. The mean compression strength of the 1“ balls is well above 1000 kg, guaranteeing VFF customers an unsurpassed level of operational ...

  • Total Chlorine by Modified ASTM D7536 with Accu-flow

    X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry, while widely used for total sulfur testing, has traditionally been an ineffective tool for the direct measurement of total chlorides in crude oil due to the settling effects of inorganic chloride salts during the measurement process. This settling leads to poor precision and an industry preference for other measurement or sample extraction techniques.

  • AFX™ catalysts for increased propylene production from FCC units

    New technology to meet propylene demand. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units are playing an increasingly important role in meeting the growing worldwide demand for propylene. To help refiners meet this demand better, Albemarle has introduced the innovative AFX catalyst technology and catalyst family, which are designed specifically for operation at high propylene yield. Before AFX, propylene production from an FCC unit with a traditional catalyst was limited. ZSM-5 based additives ...

  • Topsoe stream management

    Ensuring optimal utilization of all hydroprocessing units, hydrogen and catalyst. Refiners often face bottlenecks and challenges at their different units. Many times, these are solved within the refinery itself, and only considering a single or maybe a few units. With Topsoe Stream Management the feed and product pool is assessed applying Topsoes advanced proprietary models. That provides a performance optimization at a level unreachable by the refinery alone. Within the past ...

  • Nasty stuff

    Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, Hubbert was right. A big question is how to handle best these nasty crudes? Do you revamp existing units or invest in new capacity? With refineries now running flat out, the balance ...

  • Oil sands crude – profits and problems?

    Canadian bitumen production currently runs about 1 MMbpd, with some being sold as Synbit and Dilbit. Over the next 10-12 years output is expected to increase to 3.5 MMbpd and more refiners will begin investing to process it and come to depend on the Synbit and Dilbit for a significant part of their supply. Few today, however, have ever processed these feeds at high blend ratios, and are unaware that conventional process and equipment designs are not up to the job. Canadian oil ...

  • Want to remove particles from your naphtha gas phase?

    Topsoe’s gas phase scale catcher effectively removes particles from the process stream and prevents reduction of bed void fraction and pressure drop build up. Particles entering with the gas, are often preventing units from optimal performance. Topsoe has developed a gas phase scale catcher, which is especially designed to catch all sizes of particles from the gas stream. Installation of the technology can significantly prolong the cycle lengths of units suffering from pressure ...

  • Converter®: FCC co-catalyst for activity enhancement

    BASF produces Converter, a co-catalyst designed to boost FCC conversion. Premium Technology. Based on BASF’s commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures™ (DMS) technology, Converter delivers activity enhancement with the added benefit of coke-selective bottoms upgrading. Maximum Results by Design DMS technology provides Converter with a tailored porosity allowing the diffusion of heavy hydrocarbons into the particle resulting in selective cracking. Feed pre-cracking ...

  • Sindie OTG: Portable sulfur analysis

    Sindie® OTG is a portable sulfur analyzer, delivering reliable and precise results in hydrocarbons from ULSD and gasoline to marine fuels and crudes. Operate in-the-field, on-board marine environments, and in laboratories. Sindie OTG complies with ASTM D7039 and ISO 20884.

  • OPTIMAX® Heat Exchanger helps achieve a more efficient CAPEX

    Watlow has over 40 years of experience designing and manufacturing heat exchangers, and we have the knowledge, experience and expertise required to create optimal heating solutions. Watlow has taken the tried and true, critical design criteria and improved it to create a new generation heating technology – the OPTIMAX® Heat Exchanger. Watlow’s new OPTIMAX technology combines optimal fluid dynamics, efficient heat transfer, low pressure drop and a compact and ...

  • SERVOTOUGH SpectraExact 2500

    Rugged photometric multigas gas analyzer designed for demanding process applications. Designed to provide a highly flexible analytical solution adaptable to many applications, the SpectraExact (2500) range delivers a winning combination of proven performance and flexible operation in a resilient and reliable design.

  • Tray design features that reduce turnaround maintenance time

    Column shutdowns can be costly. Production is halted and maintenance expenses accumulate without any offsetting revenue. Maintenance crews need to isolate, open, inspect, modify, repair, and close columns, all under pressure to complete work as expeditiously as possible. Minimization of shutdown costs begins during the equipment design phase. Sulzer incorporates several features into our tray designs that can reduce column shutdown time. Tray Replacement and Installation Tray ...

  • SERVOTOUGH OxyExact 2200

    High specification process oxygen analyzer, designed for ultimate monitoring performance. The OxyExact safe area oxygen analyzer combines high precision Paramagnetic O2 sensing technology into a flexible and robust safety-enhanced design, optimized to meet the needs of demanding process monitoring applications like feedstock purity testing and clean up, hydrogen and chlorine production, solvent recovery and sewage and sludge driers.

  • ISOMALK - moving forward ahead of global trends

    Changes in trends in the world and regional markets of motor fuels are sometimes completely unpredictable. A few years ago, it seemed that the development of massive «dieselization» trend, so dominant in the EU, would lead to a drop in demand for gasoline. It seemed that diesel engines solved both the problem of reducing CO2 emissions and increasing efficiency, making the diesel fuels the trade-off solution that would allow the world's motor vehicle to survive quite well ...

  • Myth of the 1000°F vacuum unit cutpoint

    Canadian Synbit and Dilbit crudes will come to make-up a substantial fraction of feedstocks to North American refineries. Today, however, for the most part refiners both north and south of the 40° parallel seem to be unaware of the extreme challenges this change will present. To run an oil sands crude in a vacuum unit designed for conventional heavy feedstocks and to expect a 1000°F cutpoint for a 5-6 year run is like believing in the Tooth Fairy. Bitumen based crudes ...

  • Measurement instruments and servicing

    Our Measurement Instruments business designs and manufactures a range of bespoke, low maintenance, high reliability instruments providing operators with real time measurements and in-situ visualisation. Our experienced team technically supports an extensive range of nucleonic measurement instruments for phase, density, bulk level and interface measurement and pipe slugging characterisation. All of our nucleonic instruments are custom designed to the needs of the specific application, ...

  • An introduction to Sinopec Hydrocracking Technologies

    This webinar gives you an overview and understanding of hydrocracking and its applications, with an emphasis on technologies and catalysts developed by Sinopec and its research arm, Sinopec Fushun Research Institute of Petroleum and Petrochemicals (Sinopec FRIPP). You will first get an introduction to hydrocracking including feed processing and target output products. Commercial considerations include market share and reference installations such as 40 hydrocracking units designed ...

  • How turbomachinery can support decarbonization

    With the hydrocarbon processing industry’s efforts to decarbonize, hydrogen and Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) have further moved into focus as viable alternatives for transforming existing energy markets. Both hydrogen and CO2 provide ample opportunities to be used in hydrocarbon processes either in molecular form or as feedstock. At the same time, the unique physical properties of both hydrogen and CO2 can make them a challenge for process equipment such as ...

  • Technologies to enhance Ethylene production

    In this presentation, three technologies will be introduced. This first is swirling element radiant tube (SERTTM) technology for steam cracking furnaces. In this technology, you will find how heat transfer theory is applied to overcoming the challenges of cracking pyrolysis to meet targets. Successful commercial cases will demonstrate the technical advantages of SERTTM technology. Cracking furnaces with SERTTM technology have longer operating days, lower tube wall temperature ...

  • Steam Cracker recycle processing and product upgrade options

    LPG and light naphtha generated in a refinery complex (from both straight-run and conversion units) are sent to the ethylene cracker as feedstock. There is more i-paraffin than n-paraffin in LPG and light naphtha generated from a hydrocracker and reformer, in particular, i-butane and i-pentane. When cracking i-paraffin and n-paraffin separately in an ethylene cracker, the yield of ethylene and propylene is different; n-paraffin can generate 20wt% of “ethylene + propylene + butadiene” ...

  • Advances in benzene derivatives production

    Xylene and ethylbenzene are important benzene derivatives. In this presentation, you will learn about recent advances in the production process and catalysts of xylene and ethylbenzene. Xylene production is one of the most important aromatic producing processes. You will learn the details of process technology introduction and catalyst features of aromatics transalkylation developed by Sinopec, as well as the process strategies of raw material expansion, Inferior feed tolerance, ...

  • Deep catalytic cracking technology for maximizing the production of chemicals

    Optimization of light olefins (including ethylene, propylene and butene) production has become one of the most competitive options for refiners in the transition. Compared with conventional FCC, FCC technologies which optimized propylene production are helping refiners to restructure their product configuration, from fuel to petrochemical production. You will learn some successful commercial cases, which are aimed to help refiners to select the most suitable and competitive ...

  • Decarbonization with hydrogen solutions

    Demand for hydrogen is expected to increase up to ten-fold by 2050 when multiple industry reports predict 8-24% of the world’s final energy demand will be supplied by hydrogen. Hydrogen has a unique ability to address ‘hard-to-decarbonize’ sectors including refining, chemicals, steel, heating, long-haul transport, and long-term power storage – all of which currently produce significant CO2 emissions. To achieve this, hydrogen must be produced with significantly lower carbon ...

  • Enabling circularity via plastics chemical recycling

    Chemical recycling of plastics is an emerging route to supplement mechanical recycling since polymers can be converted into monomer form.  As opposed to mechanical recycling, wherein the polymer properties degrade with each cycle, the monomers can be re-polymerized without any polymer property degradation. Petrochemical and refining operations of the future will include more plastics oil, obtained from chemical recycling, in the feedstock mix to establish circularity in the ...

  • Best Practice: Screening and QC testing of petroleum products and fuels

    Screening and quality control of petroleum products and fuels can be a tedious and expensive process when performed utilizing traditional methods. Near-Infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) as described in ASTM Guidelines E1655, D8340, and D6122 is a much faster method providing results in just 30 seconds without any solvents and reagents needed. In fact, NIRS has  become the preferred method of numerous producers to quickly quantify key parameters in petrofuels and petrochemicals ...

  • How to maintain production without your water treatment plant

    This webinar reaches out to downstream plant managers, facing an increasing challenge from their ageing assets including water treatment plants. Ageing plants may impact continuity of production. When a plant is not reliable or efficient, emergency maintenance is often required to avoid disruption to production which could result in costly downtime for operating sites. This presentation demonstrates how the rental service from Veolia’s Mobile Water Services, can safely provide ...

  • How turbocompressors drive and safeguard downstream plant operations

    This webinar reaches out to end users in the hydrocarbon industry who face the challenge of achieving operational availability, equipment reliability, and efficiency in their plants. These factors are crucial for end users, with many complex and intricate processes operating in parallel. Compression technology drives and safeguards many of these processes. Presenter Ulrich Schmitz will put particular focus on different chemical/petrochemical and refinery, syngas, and LNG applications. ...

  • Understanding the financial impact of a collapsed flue gas tunnel in your SMR

    The overall influence of tunnels on the flue gas flow in a steam methane reformer has been modeled and documented, and the concept that running a reformer without tunnels can decrease overall efficiency is well understood in the industry. The study detailed in this webinar focuses on the effects of operating a reformer after removing just a single tunnel, leaving the rest in place. The resultant flue gas flow field is analyzed by looking at temperature profiles, residence time ...

  • Maximising naphtha through hydrocracking: Refinery of the future

    Globally the demand for petrochemicals is increasing at rates nearly 1.5 times GDP. In regions where there is a heavy investment in large-scale para-xylene capacity there is a significant demand for naphtha. However not all naphtha is suitable to produce aromatics. Heavy naphtha is required, but it is in limited supply. This is where the Honeywell UOP UnicrackingTM process becomes the key enabler to petrochemical production. By installing one, or a combination of Unicracking ...

  • Towards Your Low-Carbon Refinery

    This On-Demand webcast from Shell Catalysts & Technologies, discusses proven technologies for capturing CO2 from both low and high-pressure streams.  Are You…  • Under pressure to reduce your carbon footprint?  • Looking for ways to cost-effectively reduce your CO2 emissions?  • Unsure which carbon-reduction solutions will be most appropriate for your facility? Any serious ambitions to reduce a facility’s carbon intensity are likely to ...

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