logo

Back

Carbon Capture and Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies aim to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants and heavy industry before transporting it by pipeline or ship and storing it underground in, for example, empty oil and gas fields. The driver behind this method is to reduce the mass of CO2 that enters the atmosphere and contributes to global warming and ocean acidification. The technology can be used in energy production facilities, and other industrial processes, wherever large CO2 quantities are produced. Different CCS technologies allow retrofitting to existing plants and integrating in new plants.

Carbon Capture and Usage (CCU) aims to use the captured CO2 emissions as a source for manufacturing of fuels, carbonates, polymers and other chemicals, and contribute to a circular economy. In general, CCU is less advanced in the industrial application than CCS and requires continuing research and development. That said, CCU is already used on an industrial scale in the European Union (EU) in the fertilizer industry for the production of melamine and urea-based glues and resins, with around 1.8 Mtpa (millions of tonnes per annum) of CO2 captured from steam methane reforming (SMR) during the ammonia (NH3) production [Fertilizers Europe/ European Gas Regulatory Forum, 2019]. CCU is also used in the production of calcium carbonate, where CO2 reacts with NH3 to produce lime which can be mixed with calcium nitrate to produce calcium ammonium nitrate, a popular nitrogen fertilizer used in the EU.

Due to the CO2 emissions exceeding the current expectations of CO2 usage market development, CCU is considered a complementary alternative to CCS only. Depending on the source the expected market potential is approximately 200 MtCO2/y for CO2 utilisation [Aresta et al. 2013] and approximately 14,000 MtCO2/y emission [Boot-Handford et al. 2014]. The technology is currently still in the development stage, but pilot projects are already in effect, and more are planned over the next decade. Depending on the literature source the expectation is to capture up to 85-90% of CO2, emissions. Currently, multiple sites are already active or planned within the, EU (Figure 1) and worldwide. To meet climate neutral ambitions, CCS and CCU efforts will be increased significantly over the next few years.

DOWNLOAD LITERATURE

View More

  • Integrated solutions for CEMS

    Gas analysis plays an essential role in cleaner industrial operations for plants and refineries, helping to ensure more efficient processes, support the safe removal of pollutants, and monitoring the harmful emissions to the atmosphere. A high-performance continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) ...

  • Experience the difference - Servomex system integration

    Our sole focus is on delivering total system solutions. Combining our extensive industry experience with high-quality analyzer products and unparalleled applications knowledge, we have expert solutions to meet every customer requirement. Our decades of gas analysis expertise are built into every system ...

  • Servomex - 70 years of gas expertise

    Welcome to the latest issue of Expert Solutions. In this issue, we celebrate 70 years since the beginning of Servomex. In 1952, three partners set up Servomex as a manufacturer of electronic products. It’s unlikely they could have foreseen our transformation over the next seven decades to our current ...

  • Carbon Capture and Storage

    Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies aim to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants and heavy industry before transporting it by pipeline or ship and storing it underground in, for example, empty oil and gas fields. The driver behind this method is to reduce the mass of CO2 ...

  • Process Heaters

    The term ‘process heater’ is defined as any process plant unit that uses a controlled/monitored flame to heat process gas or liquid streams. Similar units operating at higher temperatures are also used, for example on ethylene production plants, to produce thermal breakdown (‘cracking’) of hydrocarbon ...

  • SERVOFLEX Micro i.s. 5100

    Intrinsically safe analyzer measuring O2, CO or CO2. High performance oxygen designed for the measurement of toxic and flammable gas samples, the intrinsically safe Micro i.s 5100 is a unique analyzer certified to Zone 0 and Zone 1, and suitable for measuring percent levels of O2, CO or CO2.   Applications ...

  • SERVOFLEX Mini HD

    Rugged and durable oxygen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide portable analyzer designed for field and light industrial use. The MiniHD 5200 is an ultra-sensitive analyzer designed for O2, CO and CO2 monitoring in common gas mixtures. With a rugged and durable design, the MiniHD is optimized for use ...

  • SERVOMEX OxyDetect

    Non-depleting Paramagnetic oxygen monitor designed for hazardous area environments. The Servomex OxyDetect is a life safety monitor designed for safe area or hazardous area environments without the sensor deterioration that affects traditional electrochemical sensors.      Designed ...

  • SERVOPRO 4900 Multigas

    High-specification digital continuous emissions (CEMS) analyzer, designed for multi-gas measurement of criterion pollutants, greenhouse gases and reference oxygen. The advanced SERVOPRO 4900 Multigas delivers high-performance multi-gas monitoring designed specifically for the continuous emissions monitoring ...

  • SERVOTOUGH FlueGasExact 2700

    High performance combustion process analysis of oxygen and combustibles, designed for use in the most hazardous and challenging location. Armed with an integral sampling system custom-designed for operation in some of the hottest and most extreme combustion environments, the FluegasExact is the analyzer ...