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Literature

Recovering PGMs and other precious metals from spent petroleum processing catalysts

We’ll work together to maximize your returns, lower your costs, increase your profits, and assure your peace of mind. What do you expect from a precious metals refiner? Obviously you want the same qualities that other people expect from your organization: fair, straightforward treatment; ...


Indmax fluid catalytic cracking for maximum olefins

The Indmax Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) process is a breakthrough in FCC technology for converting heavy feeds, including residue, selectively to propylene and other light olefins (ethylene and butylenes). It combines Lummus Technology’s FCC process with the proprietary Indmax(1) ...


High sulphur recovery at low cost with SmartSulf™

Process Principle: Thermal stage: acid gases are burnt with air to produce sulphur at high temperature thanks to Claus reaction. COS and CS2 hydrolysis: COS and CS2 from the process gases are hydrolyzed at high temperature in the first zone of the SmartSulf™ reactor operating in ...


Meet Celestia™ the catalyst for growth

Transformative performance Boost your margins and flexibility with Celestia™ hydroprocessing catalyst. Celestia catalyst is jointly developed by industry leaders ExxonMobil and Albemarle. Often deployed with its predecessor, Nebula®, the new Celestia catalyst provides operational ...


Structured grid packing

Structured grid packings have traditionally been used for high severity services. Grids have a high open area, relatively low surface area, and a robust construction to withstand process upsets and to resist fouling. There are two main types of grids, categorized by structure - conventional ...


Plant control - advanced burner control (plus)

Applications: The design intent is to have accurate SRU tail gas quality control in order to optimize sulfur recovery. ABC provides that. It is clearly superior over conventional SRU control and has always been Jacobs Comprimo®’s control system of choice for the EUROCLAUS®/SUPERCLAUS® ...


IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology

DuPont Sustainable Solutions offers IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology, a commercially proven breakthrough process which provides refiners a significantly more economical means to produce today’s ultra low sulfur transportation fuels. DuPont acquired the technology in August ...


Amine and solvent management around the world

Our vast global experience providing online amine hygiene and solvent management to the ammonia, gas, oil, and steel industry places MPR in a unique position to serve its customers. Our dedicated research and development group continues to make improvements in our technologies meeting ...


PI System™: The inside secret of IOT in Oil & Gas

OSIsoft’s PI System gives Oil & Gas engineers real-time insight into operations to reduce cost, improve safety and reliability, and enable data-based decisions for long-term strategic success.The PI System captures data from sensors, meters, SCADA, DCS, and other devices and ...


NaphthaMax III: flexibility and value in challenging economic times

Refiners the world over are focused on optimizing their operations and employing Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) solutions that help maximize margins. Lower refinery utilization numbers due to current global pressures are challenging refiners’ earnings. Given these conditions and ...


Improve separation in your column by increasing the number of trays

Refiners often face revamp challenges when trying to improve separation within an existing column. Improving diesel recovery from gas oil, splitting benzene precursors from naphtha reformer charge, or simply minimizing product overlaps after capacity creep can all be difficult when limited ...


Baseload LNG production in Stavanger

One of our most recent references for LNG base-load production with an annual capacity of 300,000 tons of LNG is a plant built at the Norwegian west cost near the city of Starvanger, started-up for commercial production in 2010. Thanks to Linde’s proprietary, most energy-efficient ...


Improve fouling resistance in your wastewater benzene stripper

Benzene stripper columns, built so that refineries can meet the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), operate with several unique conditions – low vapor rates, high liquid loads, and a high tendency toward fouling make designing well-balanced, effective ...


Fractional crystallization

Crystallization is one of the most powerful purification methods available in process engineering. Fractional crystallization is a stagewise separation technique that relies upon liquid-solid phase transition and enables multicomponent mixtures to be split into narrow fractions, ultimately ...


PROSERNAT offers amine processes developed by TOTAL: AdvAmine™

In the frame of cooperation between TOTAL, IFP Energies nouvelles and PROSERNAT, PROSERNAT is today the licensor of the amine technology portfolio historically developed by SNEA(P), then ELF, now owned by TOTAL. AdvAmine™ processes have been developed for more than 50 years for all ...


STRATCO® XP2 technology for the STRATCO® CONTACTOR™ reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


Maximizing light cycle oil recovery in the FCC main fractionator

Refiners operating FCCU's have adjusted their operating strategies to maximize light cycle oil production to meet the increased demand for automotive diesel. Catalyst formulations and reactor conditions can alter yields, but the refinery cannot take full advantage of the increased LCO ...


Gas treating (refinery / natural gas) ADIP process

Applications: The ADIP process is a regenerative process developed to selectively reduce H2S in gas to very low concentrations in the presence of CO2. The ADIP process uses an aqueous solution of diisopropanol amine (DIPA) or the aqueous solution of methyldiethanol amine (MDEA). MDEA is ...


Digitalization manifesto - Now its time

At KBC we believe in a world where plants operate with: No safety incidents, No unplanned outages, Rigorous adherence to operating plans, Agile response to market changes and plant disturbances, A motivated and informed workforce, A culture of profitability. We call this ‘Excellence’. KBC ...


On budget, on time, offine

Flawless project execution will not prevent a unit shutdown due to selecting the wrong metallurgy for a challenging crude slate. No matter how well it is fabricated and installed, a shell and tube exchanger with cold, high viscosity vacuum resid on the tube side will have poor heat transfer ...


Stratco® alkylation technical services

As the world leader in sulfuric acid alkylation, DuPont has extensive experience and know-how that can support your alkylation unit, either on an as needed or ongoing basis. Whether it’s troubleshooting, optimizing operations, supporting maintenance, turnaround consulting, training, ...


PROGNOST®-SILver - SIL 3 machine protection for rotating equipment

Meets your needs for all machinery. PROGNOST®-SILver is a flexible and fast platform for integrated asset protection. It offers everything operators and instrumentation professionals call for Condition monitoring, Machine protection, Diagnostic based SIL 3 certified emergency shutdown ...


Crystaphase, there is no magic behind reactor performance

It’s not magic. It’s science. Hydroprocessors know the wall that lies between them and peak reactor performance. Fouling, pressure drop, precipitation, agglomeration, polymerization, and catalyst deactivation, these obstacles build up, block by block. We help you break through ...


Sindie+Cl sulfur and chlorine analyser

Sindie +Cl is a two-in-one instrument enabling trace analysis of both sulfur and chlorine with one push of a button. It is the ideal solution to certify sulfur levels in finished products, assess chlorine for corrosion mitigation, and optimize process parameters.


Paving the way for LNG

Driven by increasing natural gas demand and decreasing costs along the whole LNG value chain (due to significant economies of scale, improvements in technologies, etc.), investments in LNG infrastructure are growing rapidly in the last years. LNG has turned from being an expensive and ...


Tube bundle and tube inserts for the Stratco contactor reactor

Optimise heat transfer distribution and increase heat transfer for improved performance. 3/4” tube bundle: the ¾” tube bundle was developed in response to a desire to increase Contactor™ capacity by increasing the amount of heat transfer surface area available ...


Passion for engineering

Partnering with our customers. Industrial process plants are among the most complex structures that people have ever built. Worldwide, there are only a handful of companies with the detailed know-how needed to successfully deliver turnkey industrial plants. Linde Engineering is a pioneer ...


Anti-fouling trays maximize coker main fractionator profitability

The Coker Main Fractionator is systematically subjected to harsh operating conditions that can lead to deteriorating efficiency and performance due to coking and fouling. Poor reliability results in loss of profitable coking margins for the refinery. The main fractionator vapor feed from ...


Making desalter vessels transparent to optimise crude processing

Making Desalter Vessels Transparent to Optimise Crude Processing... whatever the blend. To improve margins, refiners continuously look to optimise feedstock blends. Variability can bring significant operational challenges during the refining process that must be overcome. One critical ...


Improved technology for carbon capture & storage saves capital cost

Total man-made carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the world today amount to approximately 30 Gigatons per year, with fossil fuel-based power stations contributing in excess of 30% of this total. Carbon Capture is an energy intensive process, buy Sulzer’s specialized technology allows ...


Coil-wound heat exchangers

Coil-wound heat exchangers (CWHE) have been used in the industry since the early days, when Carl von Linde liquefied air on an industrial scale for the first time in May 1895. Until today, more than thousand coil-wound heat exchangers have been manufac-tured in Linde’s fabrication ...


BLASCH HexWall™

For sulfur recovery, sulfuric acid plant sulfur burners and spent recovery furnaces. BLASCH HexWall™ is a versatile, mechanically stable system consisting of a series of stackable six-sided blocks incorporating alternating tabs and slots on each side that are designed to ensure the ...


Designing deepcut vacuum units that really work

Every barrel of vacuum gas oil (VGO) you can save from being reduced to coke in the delayed coker unit is a barrel more that can go to the FCCU. That’s a good reason to raise HVGO cutpoint. But how to do it? Some people think the job can be done just by running computer models in ...


STRATCO® alkylation technology

A full line global leader for alkylation technology and services. The STRATCO® Alkylation Technology is the world leader with over 90 units licensed with more than 800,000 BPSD (31,400 kmta) of installed capacity. DuPont is committed to alkylation research and is an expert in all aspects ...


Sindie Online - process analyzer for sulfur

Sindie® Online is an industrial grade process sulfur analyzer with breakthrough detection capability to monitor ultra-low sulfur in petroleum or aqueous process streams. This process analyzer presents the ultimate solution for refineries and pipeline terminals where measurement speed ...


Persisto - unique materials specifically developed for reciprocating compressors

A variety of high-quality plastic compounds is now available for use as sealing and rider rings in reciprocating compressors. But in many cases, these materials have not been developed specifically for use in a reciprocating compressor. For reasons of cost effectiveness, they are optimized ...


Hyper compressor

The Hyper Compressor is a high-pressure reciprocating compressor for low density polyethylene plants and compress ethylene with discharge pressure up to 3’500 bara (50’000 psia). Burckhardt Compression has an outstanding experience of over 55 years in manufacturing Hyper Compressors. ...


Linnex™ air seperation plant

LINEXTM air separation plants represent a new product line that transfers the benefits of the successful modular concept from the packaged air separation plant range to tonnage plant sizes. The benefit is significant economical advantages compared with fully tailor-made plants. LINEXTM ...


FCC stripper - distribution studies

A Tracerco Diagnostics™ Distribution study can be performed to identify catalyst and vapor distribution in the stripper. Uniform distribution of catalyst and steam in the stripper is critical to achieve high stripping efficiency (less carry-down of the hydrocarbon products from reactor ...


ParaFuel™ NIR process analyzer

Comprehensive fuel and crude oil analysis through NIR spectroscopy. The ParaFuel™ NIR Process analyzer from LT Industries provides comprehensive inline analysis of Diesel, Gasoline, Jet Fuel, Kerosene, Crude Oil, Blending components and Blended Fuels for a wide range of critical ...


Intelligently predict and prevent corrosion across your operations

Learn how the fight against corrosion never stops - it is a fact of life every day across Oil & Gas, Refining and Pipeline operations, what-if you could have insight into real-time corrosion rates in your process?  Honeywell Predict® Corrosion Suite provides the next ...


From hydrogen production to sulphur recovery - let ceramics pave the way

Learn how to boost the reliability and performance of your hydrogen production and sulphur recovery plants through the deployment of Blasch’s proven ceramic systems. Benefits include: • Higher plant reliability and much longer run-lengths • 60 -90% faster installation ...