You are currently viewing: Literature


Number: 440 Page:  [1] 2 3 4 5 »
Display: 

Literature

Reactor Internals

State-of-the-art hardware to help optimize catalyst utilization, maximize cycle length and increase process safety. The performance of hydroprocessing reactors is determined not only by the catalyst loaded but also by the design of their internals. Shell Global Solutions’ internals ...


Rosemount® 3051S high static differential pressure transmitter

CHALLENGE: Unconventional oil and gas recovery methods, such as deep water offshore operations and enhanced oil recovery, require process measurement equipment to maintain tight control under extremely harsh conditions. Many of these applications require flow measurements using differential ...


Redura® piston sealing systems

As a compressor OEM with more than 170 years of experience, Burckhardt Compression has been setting standards for piston packings and packing rings for decades. Patented designs developed in-house and extensive material research are the perfect recipe for unique high-performance piston ...


Baseload LNG production in Stavanger

One of our most recent references for LNG base-load production with an annual capacity of 300,000 tons of LNG is a plant built at the Norwegian west cost near the city of Starvanger, started-up for commercial production in 2010. Thanks to Linde’s proprietary, most energy-efficient ...


Minimize recycle and coke carryover with the coker main fractionator washspray header design

Coker Main Fractionator flash zone design is critical to reliable operation of the column and maintaining product quality. This section commonly experiences problems related to the presence of unstable heavy liquid and carryover of solids. Successful operation often hinges on the design ...


Process technology

Sulzer Chemtech, a member of the Sulzer Corporation, with headquarters in Winterthur, Switzerland, is active in the field of process engineering, employing 3'000 persons worldwide. Sulzer Chemtech is represented in all important industrial countries setting standards in the fields of mass ...


Claus tail gas treating - SCOT process

Applications: The Shell Claus Off -gas Treating (SCOT) process has been developed to remove sulfur compounds from Claus tail gas to comply with stringent air emissions regulations. The standard SCOT process is able to easily meet less than 250 ppmv total sulfur in the SCOT off gas, which ...


Selecting the best solvent for gas treating

Selecting the best amine/solvent for gas treating is not a trivial task. There are a number of amines available to remove contaminants such as CO2, H2 S and organic sulfur compounds from sour gas streams. The most commonly used amines are monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and ...


Chemical process industry

The chemical process industry has always been the driving force for Sulzer Chemtech’s innovations. In the early 1960’s, the stringent requirements for the purification of heat-sensitive fragrances led to the development of the Sulzer Packing BX, which set a new standard for ...


Sulfur handling - Shell sulfur degassing process

Applications: The Shell Sulfur Degassing Process has been developed to remove H2S and H2Sx from liquid sulfur eliminating potential toxic and explosion hazards associated with handling, transport and storage of liquid sulfur. Elemental sulfur produced by the Claus process contains both ...


Purge gas recovery

High-quality, customised solutions for the recovery of valuable gases from ammonia synthesis purge streams. Faced with strong competitive pressures, operators of ammonia synthesis plants are often keen to increase cost efficiency. The recovery of valuable gases from the purge gas stream ...


SRU solutions Dynawave® reverse jet scrubber

Claus Sulfur Recovery Units (SRU) are found in various industries, such as refineries, natural gas processing plants, chemical plants, and coal gasification facilities. The Claus process is widely used to recover sulfur from HS containing gas streams. However, a Claus SRU can typically ...


STRATCO® alkylation technology - high performance temperature control solutions

The DuPont/Aggreko alliance delivers unique and comprehensive temperature control solutions. In the sulfuric acid alkylation unit, the number one challenge is temperature control. The combined “know how” and global network of sales, engineering and technical support staff at ...


Crystaphase, there is no magic behind reactor performance

It’s not magic. It’s science. Hydroprocessors know the wall that lies between them and peak reactor performance. Fouling, pressure drop, precipitation, agglomeration, polymerization, and catalyst deactivation, these obstacles build up, block by block. We help you break through ...


Sulfuric acid alkylation technical services

Maximise the performance of your alkylation unit. As the world leader in sulfuric acid alkylation, DuPont has extensive experience and know-how that can support your alkylation unit, either on an as needed or ongoing basis. Whether it’s troubleshooting, optimizing operations, supporting ...


Shut-off valves

Valves especially designed for the use in Claus-units / processes. Upon request: Special design for desulphurization of natural gas / gas conditioning. The proven design has been delivered to more than 150 reference plants worldwide. Numerous valves installed more than 30 years ago are ...


Get the best from your compressor upgrade and revamp

How’s your compressor running? How should it run? How could it run? The reliability, efficiency, and environmental soundness of compressors dictate the cost-effectiveness and dependability of entire plants. As a specialist in equipping reciprocating compressors with the latest performance-determining ...


High aromatic/nitrogen feeds cause rapid initial deactivation in pilot plants

A feed sent to C Solutions in Thessaloniki, Greece caused catalyst to deactivate very rapidly when introduced on day one of a pilot plant run.  Analysis showed the feed to be full of high boiling aromatics and high in nitrogen. The pilot plant run was restarted with the usual ...


Equipment design matters

Many attractive projects fail to meet expectations at startup. Disappointing performance often results from bad simulation practices and/or poor equipment design rather than faulty execution. Refineries are currently considering FCC revamps to increase olefins for more alky unit feed, ...


Triple eccentric butterfly valve

Metal seated Butterfly Valve with triple eccentric offset Proven system for superior applications: Oxygen, gases, exhaust gases, fluids as well as abrasive and corrosive media.


MECS® HexWall™ Baffles

For sulfuric acid plant sulfur burners and spent Acid recovery furnaces. Interlocking hexagonal ceramic blocks for fast installation and superior structural stability. MECS® HexWall™ is a versatile, mechanically stable system consisting of a series of stackable six-sided blocks ...


Cyanide corrosion causes costly upsets

Refinery cyanides cause considerable corrosion, hydrogen blistering and waste water treatment problems. The majority of refinery cyanides are formed in the reactor of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units. All of the gas from the reactor, including the cyanide, is carried overhead into ...


Quantifying FCC catalyst accessibility

Accessibility is related to the mass-transfer characteristics of an FCC catalyst. Albemarle has developed a quantitative laboratory test that measures the accessibility of FCC catalyst particles: the first such measurement in the history of FCC. This test has dramatically altered the way ...


Maximize PX production/reduce losses/debottleneck your facility

Maximize PX production/reduce losses / debottleneck your facility. The XyMax℠-2 Process is the latest generation of vapor phase isomerization technology and the LPI Process is the latest generation of liquid phase isomerization technology. These isomerization processes are also licensed ...


ACTION® FCC catalysts

Raising the octane value of FCC gasoline with minimal loss of volume. Taking advantage of new zeolite technology. The chances are that raising the octane level of the gasoline produced in your FCC unit is high on your agenda. Octane has become a key issue for many refiners with the advent ...


Customised air separation plants

The design, procurement, construction and operation of customised, multi-train air separation projects can present a number of challenges, particularly in remote locations. Having successfully engineered and executed most of the largest air separation complexes in the world, Linde Engineering ...


Refinery applications with advanced mass transfer technology

Sulzer Chemtech is the process engineering and equipment manufacturing division of the international Sulzer Corporation, with its headquarters in Winterthur, Switzerland. Areas of expertise include equipment and application know-how in separation and mixing technology. Products include ...


SigmaPure™ system

MPR Services knows no borders when it comes to helping you mitigate solvent losses and plant upsets due to foaming! Now there is a way to eliminate foaming issues without additives and gain the optimum plant performance you need. MPR has taken its SigmaPure™ Technology and redesigned ...


Traffic jams in your amine system

Have you ever found yourself in a traffic jam – one that results in a gridlock? If you have, you probably will not forget the frustration and headache that resulted from lost time just sitting there feeling helpless. You probably felt there were just too many cars on the road. If ...


Capture significant energy savings/debottleneck your facility

Maximize Xylene Loop profitability. The LPI process is the latest generation of liquid phase isomerization technology and is available for license by ExxonMobil directly, as well as by Axens as part of the ParamaX® technology suite for grassroots aromatics complexes.


Topsoe stream management

Ensuring optimal utilization of all hydroprocessing units, hydrogen and catalyst. Refiners often face bottlenecks and challenges at their different units. Many times, these are solved within the refinery itself, and only considering a single or maybe a few units. With Topsoe Stream Management ...


ELIMINOx™ - flexible combustion promotion with lower NOx emissions

ELIMINOx is Albemarle’s most widely used non-platinum-containing combustion promoter. More than 20 refineries around the world have used it to provide excellent carbon monoxide (CO) oxidation and to control afterburn with significantly lower NOx emissions when compared with traditional ...


COSWEET™ deep COS removal from natural gas

By combining amine absorption with catalytic COS hydrolysis, COSWEET™ allows gas sweetening, either total (removal of both H₂S + CO₂) or selective (removal of H₂S mainly), with complete COS removal. The three steps of COSWEET™ process consists in: * Removing the bulk ...


MINIVAP VP Vision - next generation vapor pressure testing

MINIVAP VP Vision is a highly versatile portable vapor pressure tester that features best-in-class precision and a pressure range of 0-2000 kPa. It is the first analyzer that demonstrates excellence in engineering by earning certificates for robustness and durability. Based on Grabner´s ...


Linnex™ air seperation plant

LINEXTM air separation plants represent a new product line that transfers the benefits of the successful modular concept from the packaged air separation plant range to tonnage plant sizes. The benefit is significant economical advantages compared with fully tailor-made plants. LINEXTM ...


Ethylene

Lummus Technology's proprietary ethylene process is the most widely applied process for the production of polymer-grade ethylene and propylene. The process is noted for its performance, including product yield and energy efficiency; low investment cost; and operating reliability. Plant ...


Sulfur recovery - modular units

Jacobs brings proven experience in application of pre-assembly and modular project delivery in the petroleum industry. Our modular construction experience and capabilities span the project spectrum from concept through construction. We bring experience executing modular projects and working ...


Persisto - unique materials specifically developed for reciprocating compressors

A variety of high-quality plastic compounds is now available for use as sealing and rider rings in reciprocating compressors. But in many cases, these materials have not been developed specifically for use in a reciprocating compressor. For reasons of cost effectiveness, they are optimized ...


Laby® Compressor

The Laby® Compressor represents unbeatable reliability and availability, thanks to its unique labyrinth sealing system on piston and piston rod gland that allows oil-free and contact-free compression. The result is an extended MTBO (meantime between overhaul), that has a positive impact ...


Sindie on-the-go

Plug-It-In & Measure. Results with One Touch.Unrivaled Precision. The Sindie OTG is a portable sulfur analyzer and provides reliable quality results from ULSD and gasoline to marine fuels and crudes. The analyzer is suitable for operating in-the-field, on-board marine environments ...


Intelligently predict and prevent corrosion across your operations

Learn how the fight against corrosion never stops - it is a fact of life every day across Oil & Gas, Refining and Pipeline operations, what-if you could have insight into real-time corrosion rates in your process?  Honeywell Predict® Corrosion Suite provides the next ...


From hydrogen production to sulphur recovery - let ceramics pave the way

Learn how to boost the reliability and performance of your hydrogen production and sulphur recovery plants through the deployment of Blasch’s proven ceramic systems. Benefits include: • Higher plant reliability and much longer run-lengths • 60 -90% faster installation ...