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Literature

Crystaphase, there is no magic behind reactor performance

It’s not magic. It’s science. Hydroprocessors know the wall that lies between them and peak reactor performance. Fouling, pressure drop, precipitation, agglomeration, polymerization, and catalyst deactivation, these obstacles build up, block by block. We help you break through ...


Customised air separation plants

The design, procurement, construction and operation of customised, multi-train air separation projects can present a number of challenges, particularly in remote locations. Having successfully engineered and executed most of the largest air separation complexes in the world, Linde Engineering ...


SweetSulf™ The high pressure redox desulfurization process

Reaction: Sour gas is contacted with an aqueous redox solution which extracts the H2S and converts it into solid elemental sulphur. Gas separation: Treated gas, free of H2S, is separated from the redox solution. Solid separation: Solid sulphur is filtered under pressure on a cartridge ...


Hydrogen

The demand of hydrogen grew as the world´s consumption of refinery products increased by the ever growing industrialization. The demand for better and more abundant automotive fuels called for better yields from the limited feedstock crude oil. In turn the demand for hydrogen import ...


PROGNOST®-SILver

PROGNOST® has protected the investments of rotating equipment operators for twenty years. The vital role of a machinery protection system to mitigate the risk of serious damages is covered by PROGNOST®-SILver. This technology has proven its effectiveness and reliability on a daily ...


CORAL™ FCC catalysts

Improving residue FCC unit performance through enhanced catalyst accessibility. Mass transfer limitations. Many FCC units experience losses in conversion and bottoms selectivity as a result of mass-transfer limitations. These are due to the problems that high-molecular-weight, sterically ...


Diesel dewaxing catalysts

Maximising middle distillate yields while maintaining excellent cold flow properties. In recent years, diesel dewaxing has emerged as a powerful technique for meeting product specifications and creating additional margin. To avoid wax compounds crystallising out and causing engine ...


Vapor pressure testing for petroleum, LPG, crude oil and Chemicals

Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids especially of spark-ignition engine fuels. It provides an indication of how a fuel will perform under different operating conditions. For example, vapor pressure is a factor in determining, whether a fuel will cause vapor ...


IFPACC™ a new generation of structured packings for gas treatment

A joint development between IFP Energies nouvelles and PROSERNAT. Characteristics: A novel structured packing geometry, Adapted to the constraints of acid gas removal by amine solvents, Geometric area of 200 m2/m3, Tested at industrial scale (Ø 1 m column), High effective to geometric ...


BELCO® marine systems

DuPont™ BELCO® Marine Scrubber Systems for ship exhaust gas cleaning reduce SOx emissions from ship engines, boilers and heaters. Our systems enable vessels to meet sulphur emission limits as required by IMO MARPOL Annex VI regulations without switching to low-sulphur fuel. BELCO® ...


Sindie on-the-go

Plug-It-In & Measure. Results with One Touch.Unrivaled Precision. The Sindie OTG is a portable sulfur analyzer and provides reliable quality results from ULSD and gasoline to marine fuels and crudes. The analyzer is suitable for operating in-the-field, on-board marine environments ...


Meeting tier 3 requirements with precision and ease

Cutting Through the Noise. The Tier 3 rule, part of a comprehensive approach to reducing the impacts of motor vehicles on air quality and public health, was signed with the expectation of a 2017 implementation. The new regulations will ratchet the level down from 30 ppm to 10 ppm for sulfur. ...


Separator technology reduces refinery operating costs and downtime

A US refining company contacted us to discuss a separation problem in the feed to an alkylation process. Caustic entrainment from their selective hydrogenation unit was poisoning the hydrofluoric acid catalyst in the alkylation unit. The continuous phase feed to the alkylation unit consisted ...


About Tetronics

Tetronics - solving the waste management challenge. We are the global leader in the supply of Direct Current (DC) plasma arc systems for a wide range of applications including Hazardous Waste Treatment, Metal Recovery and Production Processes. Our capabilities encompass everything from ...


Sulfur recovery - SUPERCLAUS® / caustic scrubber process

Applications: Selection of an appropriate and cost effective Tail Gas Treatment process to follow existing Claus plants is a challenge facing refiners and natural gas plant owners around the world. New emission regulations, interest in increasing sulfur recovery and processing of higher ...


MINISCAN IR LOG

LOGical Solution for Condition Monitoring of Lubricants, Oils and Greases. The MINISCAN IR LOG is a highly versatile and extremely fast FTIR analyzer, designed for on-site condition monitoring of oils and greases. It is also capable of measuring low or high levels of water in oil accurately ...


Linde HiQ accredited calibration gas mixtures

Linde Gas - In an age of global trade, analytical measuring results have to be comparable. This requirement is meanwhile satisfied by a large number of international directives and standards, e.g. DIN EN ISO/IEC 170251. Such regulations call for the metrological traceability of measuring ...


COSWEET™ deep COS removal from natural gas

By combining amine absorption with catalytic COS hydrolysis, COSWEET™ allows gas sweetening, either total (removal of both H₂S + CO₂) or selective (removal of H₂S mainly), with complete COS removal. The three steps of COSWEET™ process consists in: * Removing the bulk ...


Sindie Online - process analyzer for sulfur

The Sindie® Online Analyzer is an industrial grade process sulfur analyzer with breakthrough detection capability for monitoring fuel streams as exacting as ultra low sulfur diesel and gasoline. This process analyzer presents the ultimate solution for pipeline terminals, where measurement ...


Chemical process industry

The chemical process industry has always been the driving force for Sulzer Chemtech’s innovations. In the early 1960’s, the stringent requirements for the purification of heat-sensitive fragrances led to the development of the Sulzer Packing BX, which set a new standard for ...


Sulphur Recovery SUPERCLAUS® Process

The SUPERCLAUS® process recovers elemental sulfur from H2S-containing gases originating from gas treating and sour  water stripper plants. Yields up to 99.2% overall sulfur recovery, without any further tail gas cleanup, are possible. The SUPERCLAUS® process consists of a ...


Traffic jams in your amine system

Have you ever found yourself in a traffic jam – one that results in a gridlock? If you have, you probably will not forget the frustration and headache that resulted from lost time just sitting there feeling helpless. You probably felt there were just too many cars on the road. If ...


RecipCOM - Expertise, reciprocating compressor monitoring and protection tailored to your needs

Do your reciprocating compressors have sufficient protection? Due to the increasing demands on availability and because of their special mode of operation, reciprocating compressors require monitoring and protection systems designed specifically for this type of machines. These systems ...


Clora - chlorine analysis in liquid hydrocarbons, aqueous solutions and catalyst

The Clora Benchtop analyzer is a compact Chlorine analyzer, designed for use with liquid hydrocarbons such as aromatics, distillates, heavy fuels and crude oils, as well as aqueous solutions. The analyzer delivers unprecedented accuracy and precision for petroleum and petrochemical applications ...


Axens performance programs

Axens’ Performance Programs provides services for new and existing plants in the refining and petrochemical industries. It combines dedicated teams having strong technical know-how with a wealth of accumulated engineering experience and advanced computational techniques to provide ...


Linde HiQ specialty gases for the petrochemical industry

Expanding market penetration for chemicals and plastics, combined with increasing requirements for transportation fuels and the world-wide depletion of easily accessible raw materials are creating tremendous operational pressures for even the most efficient petrochemical complex. Innovative, ...


FCC pretreatment catalysts

High-performance catalyst systems tailored to meet refiners’ operating objectives. Refiners worldwide are reporting significantly enhanced refinery economics after working with Criterion Catalysts & Technologies to optimise the performance of their fluidised catalytic cracking ...


Callidus low NOx staged gas burner (CSGL)

The UOP Callidus (CSGL) is rapidly becoming the preferred staged gas low NOx process burner. An innovative design has been employed which increases the burner’s stability and allows for optimal performance on typical refinery fuel gases and 100% natural gas.The new design also increases ...


Oil sands crude – profits and problems?

Canadian bitumen production currently runs about 1 MMbpd, with some being sold as Synbit and Dilbit. Over the next 10-12 years output is expected to increase to 3.5 MMbpd and more refiners will begin investing to process it and come to depend on the Synbit and Dilbit for a significant ...


FLEXICOKING™ technology and services

A commercially proven process for flexible resid upgrading. FLEXICOKING™ technology is a commercially proven, cost-effective, continuous fluidized bed process that thermally converts heavy feeds to lighter products and flexigas. FLEXICOKING technology, as an integrated process, ...


Maximizing diesel recovery in your columns

Increased demand for automotive diesel is challenging refiners to adjust operating strategies to maximize middle distillate production. While some refiners choose to alter catalyst formulations or build new cracking units to increase diesel yields, optimizing the separation between gas ...


Paving the way for LNG

Driven by increasing natural gas demand and decreasing costs along the whole LNG value chain (due to significant economies of scale, improvements in technologies, etc.), investments in LNG infrastructure are growing rapidly in the last years. LNG has turned from being an expensive and ...


Linde HiQ hydrogen air FID gas generator

In-situ generation of synthetic air and hydrogen for laboratories and process control instrumentation. The convenient and flexible way to create the perfect GC-FID fuel gas mixture on demand.


Process gas compressors API 618

Burckhardt Compression’s Process Gas Compressor represents highest availability and a long meantime between overhaul thanks to an optimized compressor sizing and selection, also in regards to high quality compressor components and valves. Burckhardt Compression provides a robust ...


Hyper compressor

The Hyper Compressor is a high-pressure reciprocating compressor for low density polyethylene plants and compress ethylene with discharge pressure up to 3’500 bara (50’000 psia). Burckhardt Compression has an outstanding experience of over 55 years in manufacturing Hyper Compressors. ...


Advanced flare and flare system designs

UOP Callidus prides itself in providing economical high destruction efficiency, high smokeless, low noise, low radiation flares for a broad range of flare applications. Through our engineering expertise, manufacturing capabilities and worldwide service, UOP Callidus has become a leading ...


DuPont™ marine scrubber - exhaust gas cleaning systems for marine engineers & boilers

Engineering clean air for over 40 years. Belco Technologies Corporation (Belco), a DuPont Sustainable Solutions company, specializes in reliable air pollution control systems to meet clean air regulations with minimal maintenance and operational requirements. For over 40 years, BELCO engineering ...


Arofining™ - Aromatics purification via selective hydrogenation

An important source of aromatics for petrochemical end-uses originates from high severity, continuous catalyst regeneration (CCR) reformers. The current trend towards high severity operation results in higher concentrations of unwanted unsaturated hydrocarbons (diolefins, olefins, styrenes) ...


Refinery weighs proposals for 10 ppm diesel

This refinery wanted to make 10 ppm diesel in blocked out commercial trials as preparation for upcoming diesel specifications. Some catalyst vendors said the refinery would need to double the reactor volume to make 10ppm. Other vendors said they had a new drop-in solution, a catalyst that ...


UPGRADER™ and UPGRADER R+

Improve your FCC unit’s residue feedstock processing and profitability. Unprecedented upgrading of residue in FCC. FCC units using conventional FCC catalysts are severely limited when diffusion constraints control conversion and bottoms upgrading, for example, in heavy-feed and/or ...