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Literature

FCC – leading-edge technology for enhanced reliability and environmental performance

Refiners are under immense pressure to improve the performance of their fluidised catalytic cracking (FCC) units. At the same time, there are changing market demands and environmental issues to consider. Shell Global Solutions helps by selecting technology from an extensive line-up to ...


Approaches to simulating distillation and absorption

Distillation of spirits has been practiced since the time of the ancient Greeks who ascribed sacred powers to the liquids that resulted from refining wine using stills such as the one shown in Figure 1. Dionysian cults incorporated these early spirits into religious rituals. Distillation ...


BenzOUT™ technology and services

A cost-effective process for benzene reduction in gasoline. The BenzOUT™ process is a commercially proven technology for benzene reduction in gasoline. BenzOUT converts benzene, typically in a light reformate stream, to higher alkylaromatic blending components by reacting a benzene ...


Advanced combustion solutions for production applications

We Pride Ourselves On Quality UOP Callidus develops flare systems for hydrocarbon processing, oil and gas production, steel, carbon black and petrochemical processing industries. Each of these flare systems is built to match the customer’s specific process criteria and performance ...


Channel baffles: improving efficiency on trays with low vapor loading

Sour water strippers, wastewater benzene strippers, or any other column that operates with low vapor rates often have active areas that are easily oversized for the actual operating vapor traffic. For optimum tray efficiency, good contacting of the liquid flowing across the tray deck with ...


Catalyst passivation services

Cat Tech International uses CATnapTM, an exclusive technique for quick and safe unloading of catalysts from petroleum processing units. The CATnap process allows the spent catalyst to be removed in an air atmosphere versus purging the reactor with nitrogen and performing inert entry. Shorter ...


Linde HiQ for the petrochemical Industry

Within a petrochemical refinery, there are five main areas where HiQ Specialty Gases from Linde Gas are used: the refinery laboratory, which may include R&D centres or pilot plants; process control stations; gas detection for employee health and safety; environmental compliance & ...


Recovering PGMs and other precious metals from spent hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts.

We’ll work together to maximize your returns, lower your costs, increase your profits, and assure your peace of mind. Sabin Metal refines spent catalysts pellets, beads, extrudates, and monolithic structures from hydrocarbon and chemical processing catalysts and from catalytic abatement ...


PROGNOST corporate brochure

The path to successful products and services is always by way of intensive dialog with potential buyers and customers. Only by exchanging experience on a continuous basis it is possible to gain the necessary knowledge of operator requirements which results in useful products. PROGNOST ...


Precious metals recovery and refining for global industry

Sabin Metal Corporation is the largest domestically owned, independent precious metals refiner in North America, serving a worldwide customer base. We recover PGMs (platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium), rhenium, gold, silver, and other precious metals from virtually every source and ...


AFX™ catalysts for increased propylene production from FCC units

New technology to meet propylene demand. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units are playing an increasingly important role in meeting the growing worldwide demand for propylene. To help refiners meet this demand better, Albemarle has introduced the innovative AFX catalyst technology and ...


Slash your hydrogen production costs

By utilizing low value, excess fuel gas, you can reduce your consumption of costly traditional hydrogen plant feedstocks, such as natural gas, LPG, butane or naphtha. Upgrading fuel gas produced onsite is a proven way to significantly cut the cost of your hydrogen production. Refinery ...


FLEXSORB™ technology and services

ExxonMobil has developed and commercialized the FLEXSORB™ suite of gas treating technologies and absorbents and has applied them in petroleum refining, natural gas production, and petrochemical operations around the world. The FLEXSORB SE technology is designed for the selective ...


Vapor pressure testing for petroleum, LPG, crude oil and Chemicals

Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids especially of spark-ignition engine fuels. It provides an indication of how a fuel will perform under different operating conditions. For example, vapor pressure is a factor in determining, whether a fuel will cause vapor ...


Linde HiQ safety training

No matter whether gas usage is a large or seemingly small part of your company’s total operations, teaching your employees the properties and potential risks of different gases can lead to increased levels of safety. With over 150 years in the gas business, Linde instructors are ...


Callidus low NOx staged gas burner (CSGL)

The UOP Callidus (CSGL) is rapidly becoming the preferred staged gas low NOx process burner. An innovative design has been employed which increases the burner’s stability and allows for optimal performance on typical refinery fuel gases and 100% natural gas.The new design also increases ...


Linde REDLINE specialty equipment

As a major part of our HiQ products, REDLINE equipment is the hardware of choice for your specialty gas supply system. Why? Because with REDLINE gas panels, points of use and cylinder regulators, you’re not only buying the right equipment, you’re benefiting as well from our ...


Sindie 2622 - sulfur analysis with compliance flexibility

The Sindie 2622 benchtop analyzer complies with ASTM D2622, D7039 and ISO 20884 methods, enabling complete flexibility in sulfur analysis. No compromises in detection, performance and reliability - the SINDIE 2622 analyzer is the ideal sulfur analytical solution from ultra low sulfur diesel ...


Get the best from your compressor

How’s your compressor running? How should it run? How could it run? The reliability, efficiency, and environmental soundness of compressors dictate the cost-effectiveness and dependability of entire plants. As a specialist in equipping reciprocating compressors with the latest performance-determining ...


Multi-elemental analysis in petroleum products

When thinking of elemental analysis in petroleum products, sulfur is often the first thing that comes to mind. Chlorine is another element that is commonly tested for in refineries to monitor and prevent corrosion of equipment. However, these are not the only elements that are important ...


Trust BASF’s commitment to technical services

BASF’s commitment to innovation is in tune with the everchanging market and needs of our customer base. Our product and service model allows our technical representatives to build close relationships at their customers’ sites to deliver timely, proactive solutions and services. ...


Sour water stripper

Applications: Many process units throughout a refinery generate significant quantities of sour water. Sour water collected within a refinery contains both H2S and NH3. These components are present as ammonium hydrosulfide (NH4HS) within the sour water. NH4HS is the salt of a weak base ...


Turnaround services and replacement equipment for mass transfer components

Sulzer Chemtech has over 50 years of experience in providing outstanding mass transfer technology, process engineering and equipment. Our global coverage allows us to bring our services to you, day or night, in almost every country of the world. Our employees are ready with the conviction, ...


PROGNOST customer support

Lifecycle Partnership. When PROGNOST Systems project managers finalize the installation of your new system, it doesn’t mean you are on your own. Our Customer Support team stands by in the critical moments of initial system and machinery start-up. Our ultimate goal is for all PROGNOST® ...


Tail-gas treating catalysts

Refineries and gas plants worldwide have reported lower operating costs, extended cycle lengths and reduced pressure drops as a result of installing Criterion’s state-of-the-art catalysts in their Claus tail-gas treating units. Well-operated Claus tail-gas units are increasingly ...


COSWEET™ deep COS removal from natural gas

By combining amine absorption with catalytic COS hydrolysis, COSWEET™ allows gas sweetening, either total (removal of both H₂S + CO₂) or selective (removal of H₂S mainly), with complete COS removal. The three steps of COSWEET™ process consists in: * Removing the bulk ...


Methanol to gasoline technology

ExxonMobil’s methanol to gasoline (MTG) process selectively converts methanol to a single fungible liquid fuel and a small LPG stream. The liquid product is conventional gasoline with virtually no sulphur and low benzene, which can be sold as is or blended with ethanol, methanol ...


Quick at-line mini-distillation delivers true boiling point or D86 results

The MINIDIS ADXpert is a compact, versatile true atmospheric distillation unit, used for the quick and accurate quality control of Gasoline, Jet Fuels, Diesel, Biofuels, Blends, Chemicals and Solvents in laboratories and in process. A distillation run on light products takes just 15 minutes ...


Sindie+Pb - sulfur and lead analysis of petroleum products

From ultra-low sulfur diesel and gasoline to heavy fuel oil and crude, the Sindie 7039 Plus Pb Analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy for sulfur detection with the added option for measuring lead. As aviation industry requirements become more stringent, lead detection is ...


LNG technology

Natural gas is a mixture of gases containing primarily hydro-carbon gases. It is colorless and odorless in its pure form. It is the cleanest fossil fuel with the lowest carbon dioxide emissions. Natural gas is an important fuel source as well as a major feedstock for fertilizers and petrochemicals. For ...


MIDW™ technology and services

ExxonMobil’s MIDW™ process provides the highest yields of low cloud point diesel. The process uses a proprietary catalyst that converts waxy paraffins to higher performance molecules, as compared with older technologies that relied on cracking. This results in a much higher ...


PxMax℠ technology and services

ExxonMobil’s PxMax℠ process is the industry benchmark Selective Toluene Disproportionation (STDP) process. The technology, based on the ex-situ selectivated EM-2300 catalyst, offers unmatched paraxylene selectivity and product yields, as well as exceptionally long and stable cycles. ...


UOP, A Honeywell Company, changing the world one solution at a time

Honeywell UOP processes have changed the world. Since the groundbreaking introduction of the Dubbs Process in 1914, Honeywell UOP’s engineers and chemists have excelled in turning laboratory science into industrial reality, establishing the foundation for today’s modern refining ...


DuraZOOM™ - industry-leading olefin and octane enhancement

DuraZOOM additive is the latest in a long line of light olefins and octane enhancers manufactured by Albemarle. ZSM-5 additives were developed by Mobil Oil Corporation and first used in 1983 as octane enhancers necessitated by the phasing out of tetraethyl lead. Since then, their use has ...


TransPlus℠ NG technology and services

The TransPlus℠ NG process is the low-cost, high-conversion solution to effectively upgrade C9+ heavy aromatics and toluene/benzene into higher-value products (mixed xylenes and high purity benzene). The TransPlus NG process which is based on a proprietary high-activity catalyst system ...


SCANfining™ technology and services

SCANfining™ technology offers a cost-effective solution for meeting the low sulfur requirements of gasoline. The technology removes sulfur with minimum octane loss by utilizing a jointly developed ExxonMobil / Albemarle catalyst technology coupled with ExxonMobil’s hydroprocessing ...


Axens hydrocracking

Axens is an established name in hydrocracking licensing with more than 40 years’ experience in all types of hydrocracking processes. We have a large portfolio of hydroconversion processes, including fixed and ebullated-bed technologies. Our commercial units operate at low, medium ...


Baseload LNG production in Stavanger

One of our most recent references for LNG base-load production with an annual capacity of 300,000 tons of LNG is a plant built at the Norwegian west cost near the city of Starvanger, started-up for commercial production in 2010. Thanks to Linde’s proprietary, most energy-efficient ...


Sindie Online - process analyzer for sulfur

The Sindie® Online Analyzer is an industrial grade process sulfur analyzer with breakthrough detection capability for monitoring fuel streams as exacting as ultra low sulfur diesel and gasoline. This process analyzer presents the ultimate solution for pipeline terminals, where measurement ...


Meeting tier 3 requirements with precision and ease

Cutting Through the Noise. The Tier 3 rule, part of a comprehensive approach to reducing the impacts of motor vehicles on air quality and public health, was signed with the expectation of a 2017 implementation. The new regulations will ratchet the level down from 30 ppm to 10 ppm for sulfur. ...