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Literature

Customized grading solutions for your feedstock

Match your catalyst grading to your feedstock for minimum pressure drop build-up and maximum demetallization. As today’s opportunity crudes and heavier feedstocks become more economically viable, the oil fractions you refine are posing new challenges. Creating the optimal grading ...


Passion for engineering

Partnering with our customers. Industrial process plants are among the most complex structures that people have ever built. Worldwide, there are only a handful of companies with the detailed know-how needed to successfully deliver turnkey industrial plants. Linde Engineering is a pioneer ...


FLEXICOKING™ technology and services

A commercially proven process for flexible resid upgrading. FLEXICOKING™ technology is a commercially proven, cost-effective, continuous fluidized bed process that thermally converts heavy feeds to lighter products and flexigas. FLEXICOKING technology, as an integrated process, ...


Structured grid packing

Structured grid packings have traditionally been used for high severity services. Grids have a high open area, relatively low surface area, and a robust construction to withstand process upsets and to resist fouling. There are two main types of grids, categorized by structure - conventional ...


Vapor pressure testing for petroleum, LPG, crude oil and Chemicals

Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids especially of spark-ignition engine fuels. It provides an indication of how a fuel will perform under different operating conditions. For example, vapor pressure is a factor in determining, whether a fuel will cause vapor ...


Gas/liquid treating and sulphur processes

Helping oil and gas operators meet emission limits. Operators in the oil and gas industries face tough challenges in removing contaminants from their products, reducing emissions and meeting specifications. Shell Global Solutions’ gas/liquid treating and sulphur processes are available ...


Improve fouling resistance in your wastewater benzene stripper

Benzene stripper columns, built so that refineries can meet the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), operate with several unique conditions – low vapor rates, high liquid loads, and a high tendency toward fouling make designing well-balanced, effective ...


4 simple ways to convert turnarounds into profitable tower upgrade opportunities

With planned outages commonly occurring at intervals of 2-5 years, a refinery turnaround is a prime opportunity to replace column and separator internals with the newest available technology. Planning for an outage with a “replacement-in-kind” strategy will address lost performance ...


Sindie 7039 - sulfur analysis with unprecedented precision

From ultra low sulfur diesel and gasoline to heavy fuel oil and crudes, the Sindie 7039 analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy. The analyzer is the ultimate easy-to-use and robust sulfur analyzer for petroleum and bio fuels. The ideal analytical solution for the energy ...


Sulzer technologies for biofuel applications

In recent years, there have been many advancements in the development of biofuels for the global transportation markets. First generation fuel ethanol plants performed fermentation of grains into high purity ethanol. Further R&D led to the development of biofuels from renewable feed ...


CHM mixing valve for hot gases

CHM valves are designed to mix hot gas of a furnace with cold gas down to a defined temperature. A refractory lining makes the valve suitable for applications where high temperatures may occur. Applications: - Refining, desulphurization - for all applications where gases have to be ...


Advanced flare and flare system designs

UOP Callidus prides itself in providing economical high destruction efficiency, high smokeless, low noise, low radiation flares for a broad range of flare applications. Through our engineering expertise, manufacturing capabilities and worldwide service, UOP Callidus has become a leading ...


Natural gas processing plants

Natural gas is valuable both as a clean source of energy and as a chemical feedstock. Before reaching the customer, it has to pass several processing steps. These steps are partly necessary to be able to transport the gas over long distances and partly necessary for the recovery of valuable ...


DeltaValve isolation valves

The GV851 is a high performance isolation gate valve speci cally designed for clean services within the delayed coker. Such services include steam and water, clean hydrocarbon liquids below coking temperatures, and clean hydrocarbon vapor streams in on/off and modulating services. The ...


StarLNG™ leading standardised small-to mid-scale LNG plants

Meeting future energy challenges. Growing importance of natural gas. In the bid to find cleaner, more environmentally sound sources of energy, the spotlight is increasingly shining on natural gas. Burning methane, the principle component of natural gas, produces around 30% less carbon ...


GXM3™ high capacity sulphur granulation unit

Sulphur granulation is a size enlargement process. Small sulphur seeds (undersized granules) are repeatedly coated with a liquid sulphur spray and cooled. With repeated application of liquid sulphur, the seed increases in volume and weight. As the granule is enlarged, each coating of liquid ...


HySWEET® the best option for mercaptan removal from natural gas

HySWEET® process is a hybrid solvent process developed by TOTAL and licensed by PROSERNAT. The solvent is a blend of alkanolamine and physical solvent diluted with water. The physical component has been selected by TOTAL in order to simultaneously achieve a high level of mercaptan’s ...


UOP Callidus Jade burner

The Jade Burner from UOP Callidus is the first ultra-low NOx Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Burner designed and built specifically to deliver ultra-low Nox emissions with no special physical or operational requirements. In many cases, incorporating the Jade burner into a thermal oxidizer results ...


Amine and solvent management around the world

Our vast global experience providing online amine hygiene and solvent management to the ammonia, gas, oil, and steel industry places MPR in a unique position to serve its customers. Our dedicated research and development group continues to make improvements in our technologies meeting ...


PROGNOST®-SenSim

Enhance safety proof testintervals (PTI). Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) perform specified functions to achieve a safe state of process when dangerous conditions occur. It is their aim to mitigate consequential events. Safety loops of Safety Instrumented Systems consist of: - Sensors - ...


CORAL™ SMR

Improving the fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) profit potential of heavy feeds. SMR technology features. The need to process heavy feeds in FCC units continues to grow. Albemarle’s innovative SMR catalyst technology addresses the three fundamentals of heavy feed cracking: coke ...


SMOOTHFLOW™ FCC additive

SMOOTHFLOW from Albemarle offers a solution to FCC unit fluidization and circulation problems. Fluidization problems sometimes begin suddenly, often as the result of an unexpected process upset causing significant catalyst losses and possibly mechanical damage inside the unit. The finest ...


Burckhardt plate valve™

The long running valve best in O2 applications. Why the plate valve? The Burckhardt Plate Valve™ is of proven design, which has been continually optimized over the years. Special care has been given to improve the robustness and longevity of the valve plate, damper plate and the ...


Linde HiQ for the petrochemical Industry

Within a petrochemical refinery, there are five main areas where HiQ Specialty Gases from Linde Gas are used: the refinery laboratory, which may include R&D centres or pilot plants; process control stations; gas detection for employee health and safety; environmental compliance & ...


Why do many crude/vacuum units perform poorly?

In many cases it’s because the original design was based more on virtual than actual reality. There is no question: computer simulations have a key role to play but it’s equally true that process design needs to be based on what works in the field and not on the ideals of the ...


Axens performance programs

Axens’ Performance Programs provides services for new and existing plants in the refining and petrochemical industries. It combines dedicated teams having strong technical know-how with a wealth of accumulated engineering experience and advanced computational techniques to provide ...


Axens catalysts and adsorbents

Decades of scientific achievement in catalyst and adsorbent research, product development, engineering expertise, process licensing technologies, manufacturing capability, and industrial feedback form the basis of the most advanced and reliable catalysts and adsorbents available anywhere ...


Stratco® XP2 technology for the stratco® contactor reactor

The STRATCO® XP2 technology is a Contactor™ reactor enhancement developed to improve the acid/hydrocarbon emulsion flow path near the tube bundle end of the Contactor™. In the current design, emulsion flow leaves the annulus between the Contactor™ shell wall and circulation ...


Sindie Online - process analyzer for sulfur

The Sindie® Online Analyzer is an industrial grade process sulfur analyzer with breakthrough detection capability for monitoring fuel streams as exacting as ultra low sulfur diesel and gasoline. This process analyzer presents the ultimate solution for pipeline terminals, where measurement ...


Gain 5-10% efficiency with this simple 4-pass tray revamp

The design of 4-pass trays can be complex. It not only requires a close evaluation of the mechanical design but also the process response to that design at various flow rates. The balancing of the fluid flows across the tray can have a substantial effect on the tray performance, namely ...


BLASCH precision ceramics

BlaschVECTORWALL™ Mixing System - OPTIMIZE YOUR PROCESS USING OUR ADVANCED MIXING SYSTEM – This system utilizes the same blocks as the proven checkerwall system, but incorporates a series of add-on flow vectoring shapes designed to direct gas flow at the exit of the checkerwall ...


Sindie+Pb - sulfur and lead analysis of petroleum products

From ultra-low sulfur diesel and gasoline to heavy fuel oil and crude, the Sindie 7039 Plus Pb Analyzer delivers unprecedented precision and accuracy for sulfur detection with the added option for measuring lead. As aviation industry requirements become more stringent, lead detection is ...


ProtAgon™ 4G

ProtAgon™ 4G is the latest generation of Grace’s propylene maximization technology. Propylene yields of over 12wt% have been achieved with this catalyst technology. ProtAgon™ 4G is manufactured using the Grace EnhanceR™ Technology Platform, and is an extension of ...


Liquid hydrocarbon treating (LPG/PP/BB) - ADIP process

Applications: Besides its use as a regenerative process for the reduction of H2S to very low levels in gases, the ADIP process is also used to selectively reduce H2S and COS to very low levels in liquid hydrocarbons, such as propane-propylene (PP), butanebutene (BB), LPG and NGLs. The ...


Maximizing light cycle oil recovery in the FCC main fractionator

Refiners operating FCCU's have adjusted their operating strategies to maximize light cycle oil production to meet the increased demand for automotive diesel. Catalyst formulations and reactor conditions can alter yields, but the refinery cannot take full advantage of the increased LCO ...


Dynawave® reverse jet scrubber

How a reverse jet wet gas scrubber works. The DynaWave® Reverse Jet Scrubber is an open duct in which scrubbing liquid is injected, through a non-restrictive reverse jet nozzle, counter current to the dirty inlet gas. Liquid collides with down-coming gas to create the “Froth ...


ELIMINOx™ - flexible combustion promotion with lower NOx emissions

ELIMINOx is Albemarle’s most widely used non-platinum-containing combustion promoter. More than 20 refineries around the world have used it to provide excellent carbon monoxide (CO) oxidation and to control afterburn with significantly lower NOx emissions when compared with traditional ...


Green design practices: focus on efficiency

Green design is more than recycling scrap materials or calculating carbon footprints. It minimizes negative environmental impact through skillful design and operating practices to produce efficient, better-functioning processes. Because green practices reduce resource requirements, in ...


UOP, A Honeywell Company, changing the world one solution at a time

Honeywell UOP processes have changed the world. Since the groundbreaking introduction of the Dubbs Process in 1914, Honeywell UOP’s engineers and chemists have excelled in turning laboratory science into industrial reality, establishing the foundation for today’s modern refining ...


Get the best from your compressor

How’s your compressor running? How should it run? How could it run? The reliability, efficiency, and environmental soundness of compressors dictate the cost-effectiveness and dependability of entire plants. As a specialist in equipping reciprocating compressors with the latest performance-determining ...