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Literature

PROGNOST corporate brochure

The path to successful products and services is always by way of intensive dialog with potential buyers and customers. Only by exchanging experience on a continuous basis it is possible to gain the necessary knowledge of operator requirements which results in useful products. PROGNOST ...


Myth of the 1000°F vacuum unit cutpoint

Canadian Synbit and Dilbit crudes will come to make-up a substantial fraction of feedstocks to North American refineries. Today, however, for the most part refiners both north and south of the 40° parallel seem to be unaware of the extreme challenges this change will present. To run ...


Tray designs for extreme fouling applications

Today refiners experience a lot of problems with processing of opportunity or heavy crudes. Such crudes have very high sulfur content and require the addition of amine scavengers before desalting. These amines decompose in the heater and create ammonium chlorides in the presence of water ...


Dupont company introduction

DuPont has been bringing world-class science and engineering to the global marketplace in the form of innovative products, materials, and services since 1802. The company believes that by collaborating with customers, governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and thought leaders, ...


Plant control - advanced burner control (plus)

Applications: The design intent is to have accurate SRU tail gas quality control in order to optimize sulfur recovery. ABC provides that. It is clearly superior over conventional SRU control and has always been Jacobs Comprimo®’s control system of choice for the EUROCLAUS®/SUPERCLAUS® ...


Isomalk-3 - A robust n-C4 isomerization processs

A Robust n-C4 Isomerization Process. Isomalk-3 is a low-temperature isomerization technology for processing n-butane into isobutane, its branched isomer. Isobutane is an important intermediate required for the production of isobutylene or alkylate. Isobutylene can be used to produce MTBE ...


COSWEET™ deep COS removal from natural gas

By combining amine absorption with catalytic COS hydrolysis, COSWEET™ allows gas sweetening, either total (removal of both H₂S + CO₂) or selective (removal of H₂S mainly), with complete COS removal. The three steps of COSWEET™ process consists in: * Removing the bulk ...


Liquid-liquid separation technology

In industrial process equipments liquid-liquid mixtures are produced by essentially two different mechanisms. a) Mixing of the phases in either purpose built equipment, mechanical mixers, static mixers where pressure energy is applied to increase the surface free energy of the fluids to ...


Naphtha hydrotreating catalysts

Dealing with the more challenging streams. Criterion is a world-leading supplier of naphtha hydrotreating catalysts, the key to the effective removal of sulphur and nitrogen compounds from this valuable refinery stream. We supply about one-third by weight of all the naphtha hydrotreating ...


MECS® SolvR™ technology for regenerative SO2 recovery.

An energy efficient so absorption process with nearly zero SO2 emmissions. MECS® SolvR™ Technology employs an absorption solvent that is readily available, environmentally friendly and lower in cost than solvents used in other SO2 absorption processes. The technology can be ...


Advanced flare and flare system designs

UOP Callidus prides itself in providing economical high destruction efficiency, high smokeless, low noise, low radiation flares for a broad range of flare applications. Through our engineering expertise, manufacturing capabilities and worldwide service, UOP Callidus has become a leading ...


STRATCO® Alkylation innovations for grassroots applications

A commitment to innovation research and development. DuPont recognizes that continued improvement of the STRATCO® alkylation technology is critical to our customers’ success. As such, DuPont has a dedicated team of scientists and engineers focused on alkylation R&D at the ...


Approaches to simulating distillation and absorption

Distillation of spirits has been practiced since the time of the ancient Greeks who ascribed sacred powers to the liquids that resulted from refining wine using stills such as the one shown in Figure 1. Dionysian cults incorporated these early spirits into religious rituals. Distillation ...


Maximize the value of your naphtha feedstocks and downstream processes

New solutions for changing needs Lighten the burden of heavy feedstocks with Topsoe catalysts, process designs and technologies. If your refinery is like most, you’re under pressure to squeeze more value out of heavier feedstocks, and this presents new challenges for catalysts. To ...


Designing deepcut vacuum units that really work

Every barrel of vacuum gas oil (VGO) you can save from being reduced to coke in the delayed coker unit is a barrel more that can go to the FCCU. That’s a good reason to raise HVGO cutpoint. But how to do it? Some people think the job can be done just by running computer models in ...


Residue upgrading using fixed-bed hydroconversion

Dealing more effectively with the bottom of the barrel is high on the refining industry’s agenda for a several reasons. Crude oil feedstocks are becoming heavier, which is making lighter crudes more expensive. Environmental pressures are undermining the market for heavy fuel oil. ...


Blasch Ferrules

Thermal Management System (TMS) – a pre-fired tubesheet protection system that allows for the extensive use of fiber insulation in conjunction with the Blasch Ferrules and provides much greater insulating value than castable alone, in a greatly compressed area, saving space, and ...


Avoid fired heater coking

For many refiners, heater coking in Crude and Vacuum Distillation Units (CDU/VDUs) is a common occurrence. Many units around the world are shut down every two years, every year, or even every six months to deal with chronic heater coking. However, with the right design features driven ...


Claus tail gas treating - low temperature SCOT process

Applications: The Shell Claus Off -gas Treating (SCOT) process has been developed to remove sulfur compounds from Claus tail gas to comply with stringent air emissions regulations. The conventional SCOT process is able to easily meet less than 250 ppmv total sulfur in the SCOT off gas, ...


NaphthaClean

Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) technology for reducing gasoline sulfur. BASF proudly introduces NaphthaClean, an FCC catalyst technology designed for the reduction of FCC gasoline sulfur content. Based on the combination of our award-winning and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures ...


Shut-off valves

Valves especially designed for the use in Claus-units / processes. Upon request: Special design for desulphurization of natural gas / gas conditioning. The proven design has been delivered to more than 150 reference plants worldwide. Numerous valves installed more than 30 years ago are ...


Nasty stuff

Heavy crudes are here to stay. As longs as oil prices remain high, Canadian, Venezuelan, Deep Water Gulf of Mexico, Mexican and other low API gravity crude oils will play an ever more important role in supplying world refineries. And prices promise to remain high because gainsayers notwithstanding, ...


Meet emission challenges with reliable Claus tail gas unit performance

Meet emission directives while improving your sulfur management. In today’s oil and gas industry, maximizing sulfur recovery from off-gases is extremely important. Regulations get tighter, forcing operators to constantly optimize the efficiency of their sulfur management units. Adding ...


GT-Styrene® a cost-effective process for recovering styrene

In an effort to improve the production economics of naphtha cracking plants, operators must consider the recovery of valuable components from pyrolysis gasoline (pygas) over blending into the gasoline. Styrene is one such component that has far more value as a petrochemical product than ...


EDV wet scrubbing systems with LoTOx technology

For control of NOX emissions, the BELCO® EDV® Wet Scrubbing System uses a patented LoTOx™ process from The Linde Group. In the LoTOx™ process, NOX compounds are oxidized with ozone to form compounds that are easily removed from the flue gas by the same liquid-gas contact ...


Laby® Compressor

The Laby® Compressor represents unbeatable reliability and availability, thanks to its unique labyrinth sealing system on piston and piston rod gland that allows oil-free and contact-free compression. The result is an extended MTBO (meantime between overhaul), that has a positive impact ...


Sulfur recovery - claus process

Applications: The Claus process has been developed to recover elemental sulfur from H2S containing gases originating from gas treating plants such as alkanolamine units or physical solvent plants. Modern Claus plants should be able to process H2S/NH3 containing gases as well, originating ...


Flow-pressure of lubricating grease according to DIN51805 kesternich

Flow-properties of lubrication grease at low temperatures are a measure of great significance for central lubrication systems of vehicles and machineries. This property can best be measured according to the method of Kesternich (DIN 5108). The original manual and time-consuming method ...


Safe flash point testing of refined products, oils and chemicals

Flashpoint testing is required in a number of industries to ensure conformance with regulatory requirements. It is used to assess, how much care has to be taken in handling, transporting and storing chemicals or solvents, e.g. Diesel, Jet Fuels, Biofuels, Asphalt, Waste Water, Lube Oils, ...


Flaretot’s core capabilities

Flaretot Professional provides a single flare simulation environment where the accurate and rapid design and rating of flare systems can be completed for all aspects of flare design and equipment calculations. This provides a means to execute fast-tracked projects and conduct efficiency ...


MD FCC Catalysts - boosting middle distillates production in FCC

Maximizing middle distillates in FCC units. A range of catalysts is available from Albemarle for increasing the production of middle distillates in the FCC process while retaining the many other attractive features of this versatile bottom-ofthe- barrel upgrading process. The key to success ...


SweetSulf™ The high pressure redox desulfurization process

Reaction: Sour gas is contacted with an aqueous redox solution which extracts the H2S and converts it into solid elemental sulphur. Gas separation: Treated gas, free of H2S, is separated from the redox solution. Solid separation: Solid sulphur is filtered under pressure on a cartridge ...


Topsoe refinery Research & Development

Providing refiners with the best catalysts on the market would be impossible without the innovative ideas from Topsoe R&D. Combined with the knowledge obtained from our pilot plant units, catalyst development is essential to providing high-performing, customized solutions. Topsoe’s ...


Gasification – converting the bottom of the barrel into valuable products

Traditionally, crude-oil residues have been sold as marine bunker fuel or used on-site as furnace fuel. However, with changing legislation, refineries are under pressure to reduce both their emissions and the sulphur content of their products; in addition, the market for fuel oil is shrinking.   The ...


Maximize PX production while lowering feed and energy costs

Delivering stable and consistent high paraxylene selectivity throughout the operating cycle. The EMTAM℠ process is a breakthrough technology which maximizes production of valuable paraxylene product while lowering feed and energy costs. The highly paraxylene selective process is built ...


Burckhardt Valve Service

Reduce operating costs of all your reciprocating compressors. For best compressor performance get a complete solution from the OEM. Burckhardt Compression has its own, leading valve technology since 1880. Experience has been gained for a wide field of applications. Valves are a key factor ...


Rosemount® 3051S high static differential pressure transmitter

CHALLENGE: Unconventional oil and gas recovery methods, such as deep water offshore operations and enhanced oil recovery, require process measurement equipment to maintain tight control under extremely harsh conditions. Many of these applications require flow measurements using differential ...


ACTION® FCC catalysts

Raising the octane value of FCC gasoline with minimal loss of volume. Taking advantage of new zeolite technology. The chances are that raising the octane level of the gasoline produced in your FCC unit is high on your agenda. Octane has become a key issue for many refiners with the advent ...


UPGRADER™ T and AMBER™ T - meeting the tight oil challenge

North America’s oil production has been reenergized with the advent of sophisticated technologies to recover tight oil economically. Tight oil, defined as liquid hydrocarbons obtained by hydraulically fracturing shale formations, is flowing at ever increasing rates from fields such ...


BLASCH precision ceramics

BlaschVECTORWALL™ Mixing System - OPTIMIZE YOUR PROCESS USING OUR ADVANCED MIXING SYSTEM – This system utilizes the same blocks as the proven checkerwall system, but incorporates a series of add-on flow vectoring shapes designed to direct gas flow at the exit of the checkerwall ...


Intelligently predict and prevent corrosion across your operations

Learn how the fight against corrosion never stops - it is a fact of life every day across Oil & Gas, Refining and Pipeline operations, what-if you could have insight into real-time corrosion rates in your process?  Honeywell Predict® Corrosion Suite provides the next ...


From hydrogen production to sulphur recovery - let ceramics pave the way

Learn how to boost the reliability and performance of your hydrogen production and sulphur recovery plants through the deployment of Blasch’s proven ceramic systems. Benefits include: • Higher plant reliability and much longer run-lengths • 60 -90% faster installation ...