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  • About Axens

    Axens is a group providing a complete range of solutions for the conversion of oil and biomass to cleaner fuels, the production and purification of major petrochemical intermediates as well as all of natural gas' treatment and conversion options. The offer includes technologies, equipment, furnaces, modular units, catalysts, adsorbents and related services. Axens is ideally positioned to cover the entire value chain, from feasibility study to unit start-up and follow-up throughout ...

  • ACHIEVE® FCC Catalysts

    Grace is expanding its portfolio of catalysts to address the current market challenges, in particular to lower slurry yield to take advantage of distillate crack spreads as well as to address the trend towards increased residue and opportunity crude processing. Grace has developed new technologies through extensive Grace R&D program that addressed the octane debits encountered by North American refiners processing tight oil. This R&D program resulted in advances to ...

  • ACTION® FCC catalysts

    Raising the octane value of FCC gasoline with minimal loss of volume. Taking advantage of new zeolite technology. The chances are that raising the octane level of the gasoline produced in your FCC unit is high on your agenda. Octane has become a key issue for many refiners with the advent of more-efficient car engines; the almost worldwide ban on the use of lead as a gasoline additive; and continuing pressure on octane blending components. The problem is compounded by the drive ...

  • AFX™ catalysts for increased propylene production from FCC units

    New technology to meet propylene demand. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units are playing an increasingly important role in meeting the growing worldwide demand for propylene. To help refiners meet this demand better, Albemarle has introduced the innovative AFX catalyst technology and catalyst family, which are designed specifically for operation at high propylene yield. Before AFX, propylene production from an FCC unit with a traditional catalyst was limited. ZSM-5 based additives ...

  • All about excellence in the energy and chemical industry

    KBC exists to help you achieve and sustain excellent operational performance, through the actions of our people, fused with the application of our digitalization technology and best practices, powered by the Cloud.Better decisions - faster, Flawless execution - every time and  Superior results - sustained. Deliver value: Performance assurance Organizations that perform at their best are able to adjust to changing dynamics without compromising competitiveness. KBC ...

  • AMBER™

    AMBER catalysts are frequently used, high-quality catalysts from the Albemarle portfolio and are manufactured using ADM-20 matrix technology, which is common to its high-accessibility catalysts. AMBER is the benchmark for maximum transportation fuels against which all other gas oil catalysts are measured. In addition, AMBER catalysts are solutions for non-residue processing refiners that require excellent bottoms conversion and the gasoline and olefin selectivity that these catalysts ...

  • Amine headaches a pain

    MPR Services understands that amine engineers face a never ending group of challenges in ensuring their systems perform as designed. Since 1989, MPR Services has been working with amine engineers in addressing these challenges through our scientifically, developed technologies. In 1990, MPR’s patented HSSX® Process was introduced to remove heat stable salts from amines. Since then, MPR has developed new technologies, improved existing technologies and acquired additional ...

  • Axens engineering services revamping

    For a successful revamping project, no matter the degree of its complexity, and in accordance with your tight schedules, Axens is your unique contact during the phase preceding detailed engineering. Axens’ offer is based on our well founded expertise and several decades of experience. Our team of equipment specialists and our extensive network of detailed engineering contractors and equipment manufacturers complete this offer.   Our approach consists of successive ...

  • Axens hydrocracking

    Axens is an established name in hydrocracking licensing with more than 40 years’ experience in all types of hydrocracking processes. We have a large portfolio of hydroconversion processes, including fixed and ebullated-bed technologies. Our commercial units operate at low, medium and high conversion, and in once through, single-stage recycle and two-stage modes. Our commercial hydrocracker designs can cover a large variety of feedstocks varying from light HGO and LVGO ...

  • Axens overview

    Axens is a group providing a complete range of solutions for the conversion of oil and biomass to cleaner fuels, the production and purification of major petrochemical intermediates as well as all of natural gas' treatment and conversion options. The offer includes technologies, equipment, furnaces, modular units, catalysts, adsorbents and related services. Axens is ideally positioned to cover the entire value chain, from feasibility study to unit start-up and follow-up ...

  • BCMT™-500 and BCMT-500-LRT

    Too often profitability is lost because refiners lack adequate accessibility and bottoms cracking power in their catalyst. Albemarle has developed BCMT-500 additive, which features high accessibility and provides powerful functional bottoms conversion sites. BCMT‑500 delivers many pre-cracking sites and high metals tolerance while making up only a small fraction of the circulating catalyst inventory. BCMT-500-LRT provides refiners with the same accessibility, metals tolerance ...

  • Be smart about FCC olefin recovery

    Whether the driver is propylene as a chemicals feedstock or propylene and butylene as alky feed, FCC units worldwide are being pushed to maximize olefin production. Increased hydrotreating to meet Tier 3 gasoline requirements is reducing gasoline pool octane at a time of high premium-to-regular gasoline price differentials. Maximizing FCC olefi ns to produce high octane alkylate barrels is attractive – if they can be recovered in the FCC gas plant LPG stream. Higher reactor ...

  • BELCO® clean air technologies

    Belco Technologies Corporation (BELCO®), part of DuPont’s Clean Technologies portfolio, is an industry leader in the supply of air pollution control systems to the oil refining, sulfur recovery, sulfuric acid, utility, chemical, pulp & paper, marine and other industries. Since 1969, BELCO® has designed and supplied air pollution control systems for clients all over the world. Headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey (USA), BELCO® has been recognized by refiners ...

  • Bicine can be controlled

    Bicine is a very corrosive degradation product produced in certain DEA and MDEA systems. Amine system operators must take steps to minimize O2 and SO2 incursion into the amine system and will need to monitor Heat Stable Salts and Amino Acids (Bicine) concentrations in the amine.

  • Celebrating a century of innovation in the oil & gas industry

    UOP celebrates its 100th year in business in 2014, and in many ways our history is analogous to the development of the world’s oil and gas industry. We have accomplished many great things during the last century. For that, we owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to our customers, who helped us develop and commercialize our technologies. When our company was founded, there were fewer than 2 billion people in the world, and travel was dominated by horses and steam engines. ...

  • Converter - FCC co-catalyst for activity enhancement

    Premium Technology: Based on our novel and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures™ (DMS) technology platform, Converter delivers activity enhancement with the added benefit of coke selective bottoms upgrading. Maximum Results by Design: The DMS matrix provides Converter with a tailored porosity to allow the diffusion of heavy hydrocarbons into the particle resulting in selective cracking. Pre-cracking is achieved with the selective external zeolite surface rather ...

  • CORAL™ FCC catalysts

    Improving residue FCC unit performance through enhanced catalyst accessibility. Mass transfer limitations. Many FCC units experience losses in conversion and bottoms selectivity as a result of mass-transfer limitations. These are due to the problems that high-molecular-weight, sterically hindered feed molecules experience when diffusing into catalyst particles. Albemarle offers the breakthrough catalyst CORAL to overcome this problem, especially in residue FCC units. Root causes Catalyst-particle ...

  • CORAL™ SMR

    Improving the fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) profit potential of heavy feeds. SMR technology features. The need to process heavy feeds in FCC units continues to grow. Albemarle’s innovative SMR catalyst technology addresses the three fundamentals of heavy feed cracking: coke and dry-gas selectivity; metals tolerance; and bottoms upgrading. Through its three innovative developments, SMR technology enables refiners to operate at higher metal levels or at higher severities ...

  • Cyanide corrosion causes costly upsets

    Refinery cyanides cause considerable corrosion, hydrogen blistering and waste water treatment problems. The majority of refinery cyanides are formed in the reactor of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) units. All of the gas from the reactor, including the cyanide, is carried overhead into the distillation column, where water is injected into the overhead stream to control corrosion problems. The resulting sour water is separated from the hydrocarbon products at various stages in ...

  • DuraSOx™

    Highly attrition-resistant SOx reduction additive without performance compromise. DuraSOx SOx reduction additive is the culmination of intensive development work focusing on obtaining the most attrition-resistant Sox additive on the market without any performance compromises. It follows in the footsteps of Albemarle’s longest marketed SOx additive, KDSOx®, in that both take advantage of Albemarle’s patented hydrotalcite technology. SOx reduction additives are ...

  • DuraZOOM™ - industry-leading olefin and octane enhancement

    DuraZOOM additive is the latest in a long line of light olefins and octane enhancers manufactured by Albemarle. ZSM-5 additives were developed by Mobil Oil Corporation and first used in 1983 as octane enhancers necessitated by the phasing out of tetraethyl lead. Since then, their use has grown enormously worldwide. The initial applications required relatively low levels of ZSM-5 crystal. More recently, the use of ZSM-5 additives has shifted from octane enhancement to propylene ...

  • EDV wet scrubbing systems reduction of particulates SO2, SO3, and NOX

    EDV® Wet Scrubbing operates on the principles of saturation, absorption, condensation, and filtration. Specialized vessels and spray nozzles are used to control a variety of pollutants with system configured for each application’s requirements. Longer operating campaigns and little regulatory tolerance for emissions excursions mean today’s petroleum refining processes demand more than traditional emission control technologies can deliver. The DuPont™ BELCO® ...

  • Equipment design matters

    Many attractive projects fail to meet expectations at startup. Disappointing performance often results from bad simulation practices and/or poor equipment design rather than faulty execution. Refineries are currently considering FCC revamps to increase olefins for more alky unit feed, maximize LCO product recovery, and minimize slurry product by producing HCO for hydrocracker feed. These changes raise fractionator operating temperature. Higher temperatures require better process ...

  • FCC stripper - distribution studies

    A Tracerco Diagnostics™ Distribution study can be performed to identify catalyst and vapor distribution in the stripper. Uniform distribution of catalyst and steam in the stripper is critical to achieve high stripping efficiency (less carry-down of the hydrocarbon products from reactor to regenerator). A failure to effectively remove the hydrocarbon from the catalyst will result in a loss of product, loss of throughput, and lowered catalyst activity due to increased regenerator ...

  • FCC technical support, industry-leading service

    Grace technical service engineers regularly visit refineries to review unit operating data, evaluate catalyst management and unit performance, as well as provide specific recommendations to optimise unit operation. Grace can provide expert advice on operational problems concerned with the mechanical integrity of the FCCU. For example, issues such as cyclone performance, stripper efficiencies, circulation problems, transfer line problems, slurry circuit fouling, or high unit erosion ...

  • Fourte™

    Innovative Fluid Catalytic Cracking Catalyst for butylenes maximization. Fourte delivers higher butylenes yields for a $0.68 / bbl profitability improvement. A Gasoil FCC unit desired more butylenes to fill its alkylation unit. Other objectives were to improve delta coke, straight run naphtha octane, and bottoms upgrading, while maintaining the same transportation fuel yields. Results Fourte outperformed the incumbent catalyst and generated significant profitability for the ...

  • Fourtune™

    Next generation Fluid Catalytic Cracking Catalyst Performance for butylenes maximization over propylene Fourtune™ delivers highest butylenes yields and $0.30/bbl profitability improvement. Alkylate produced from butylenes offers a high value gasoline blendstock. FCC units supply most of the butylenes to be fed to the alkylation unit. Fourtune™ was tested in a Gasoil FCC unit that desired more butylenes and greater butylene selectivity (versus propylene) to fill its alkylation ...

  • GO-ULTRA™ catalysts

    Get more from your gas oil feed streams. Facing today’s economic challenges, refiners worldwide are seeking to restore margins and increase profits by maximizing yields from their operations. For the gas oil market, Albemarle’s research and development team has created a breakthrough fluid cracking catalyst that offers impressive benefits and higher value than existing market offerings. Albemarle’s GO-ULTRA™ FCC catalyst Based on the company’s ...

  • Hoekstra war stories

    In the past two years, there have been many field failures in ultra-low sulfur diesel (ulsd) hydrotreaters. By field failures we mean short cycles of less than half the expected cycle life. The root cause of these failures was overestimating what a catalyst can do in a hydrogen starved unit. For example, one unit experienced a cycle life of just 1 year versus an estimated 3 year life on a very expensive catalyst. After two more short cycles of less than one year on other ...

  • Improve contaminant metals flushing with TITAN™

    The escalating price of rare earth in fluid cracking catalyst sparked increased demand from refiners for equilibrium catalyst (Ecat) as a means to control expenses. During this same period, the available supply of high quality, low metals Ecat had decreased. In response to the shrinking supply of Ecat, Grace introduces TITAN™, a unique catalyst solution for removing contaminant metals from refining operations. Unlike traditional equilibrium catalysts, TITAN™ is ...

  • INTERCAT FCC additives and catalyst handling technologies

    Most refiners now find it essential to use catalytic additives to supplement the host FCC catalyst in order to achieve the desired unit performance, product quality, and environmental emissions targets that must be met. Johnson Matthey is the foremost supplier of FCC additives and addition systems, specializing in the development, manufacture, sale, and technical support of both additives and addition systems for the refining industry. Our INTERCATTM range of FCC additives and ...

  • IsoTherming® Hydroprocessing technology

    Growing global demand for transportation fuel continues to drive refiners toward operations that maximize hydroprocessing capacity and capability either through unit debottlenecks or new unit construction. More stringent environmental regulations and the processing of cost-advantaged sour and heavy feed stocks make meeting this demand even more challenging. IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology is a commercially proven process that provides refiners a more economical ...

  • IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology

    DuPont Sustainable Solutions offers IsoTherming® hydroprocessing technology, a commercially proven breakthrough process which provides refiners a significantly more economical means to produce today’s ultra low sulfur transportation fuels. DuPont acquired the technology in August 2007. In conventional hydroprocessing technology, the reactions occur in the liquid phase. A large volume of hydrogen rich recycle gas is combined with the reactor feed to ensure that the ...

  • IsoTherming® technology for mild hydrocracking

    Maximise distillate production and improve fuel quality, Growing global demand for transportation fuel continues to drive refiners toward operations that maximize hydroprocessing capacity and capability either through unit debottlenecks or new unit construction. More stringent environmental regulations and the processing of cost-advantaged feed stocks that are increasingly sour and heavy make meeting this demand even more challenging. Isotherming® Mild Hydrocracking Technology ...

  • KOC-15™- Flexible and effective way to lower afterburn in your FCC unit

    KOC-15 additive is Albemarle’s most widely used platinum-based combustion promoter, and is commercially proven to provide many refiners with a reliable, low-cost and flexible solution to afterburn and excess carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. In the regenerator, the coke (carbon) on the spent catalyst is burned to form carbon dioxide (CO2). During combustion of carbon to CO2, CO forms as an intermediate. The conversion of carbon to CO in the presence of oxygen occurs rapidly; ...

  • Low and zero rare-earth FCC catalysts

    Rare-earth metals are an important component of FCC catalysts, as well as being a key raw material for many strategic industries with applications ranging from military devices to electronic components. In addition, they are essential constituents in newly evolving green technologies, such as hybrid cars and wind turbines. Rather ironically, rare-earth metals are not so rare, however they tend to be concentrated in hard to extract ore deposits. As a result, the world’s ...

  • LRT FCC catalysts

    Albemarle’s low rare earth technology (LRT) products. Driven by its goal to provide customers with comprehensive, economic catalyst solutions and the surge in global rare earth prices, Albemarle has developed and commercialized a range of LRT products. The catalysts available for the VGO market are: - GO™ LRT for maximum activity - AMBER™ LRT for maximum transport fuels. The catalysts available for the residue market are - UPGRADER™ LRT for maximum ...

  • Maximizing light cycle oil recovery in the FCC main fractionator

    Refiners operating FCCU's have adjusted their operating strategies to maximize light cycle oil production to meet the increased demand for automotive diesel. Catalyst formulations and reactor conditions can alter yields, but the refinery cannot take full advantage of the increased LCO recovery without an optimized Main Fractionator operation and design. Sulzer offers several methods of optimizing the separation between light cycle oil and less valuable HCO or slurry with little ...

  • Measurement instruments and servicing

    Our Measurement Instruments business designs and manufactures a range of bespoke, low maintenance, high reliability instruments providing operators with real time measurements and in-situ visualisation. Our experienced team technically supports an extensive range of nucleonic measurement instruments for phase, density, bulk level and interface measurement and pipe slugging characterisation. All of our nucleonic instruments are custom designed to the needs of the specific application, ...

  • NaphthaClean

    Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) technology for reducing gasoline sulfur. BASF proudly introduces NaphthaClean, an FCC catalyst technology designed for the reduction of FCC gasoline sulfur content. Based on the combination of our award-winning and commercially proven Distributed Matrix Structures (DMS) technology platform and BASF gasoline sulfur reduction technology, NaphthaClean provides a refiner with both maximum gasoline production and maximum gasoline sulfur reduction. This ...

  • Intelligently predict and manage sour water corrosion in refinery applications

    One of the primary concerns in refinery operations, especially when processing sour crudes, is management and mitigation of NH4HS (Sour Water) corrosion in hydrocrackers, hydrotreaters, FCC and other unit circuits. Honeywell's Predict-SW software, a byproduct of more than 15 years of intense Joint Industry Project (JIP) research, provides an easy to use framework to quantify NH4HS corrosion as a function of key process parameters across the refinery value chain for commonly used ...

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